: ZaraphathAncient Zaraphath
Zaraphath in Easton's Bible Dictionary
smelting-shop, "a workshop for the refining and smelting of
metals", a small Phoenician town, now Surafend, about
from the coast, almost midway on the road between Tyre
Sidon. Here Elijah sojourned with a poor widow during
famine," when the "heaven was shut up three years and
months" (Luke 4:26; 1 Kings 17:10). It is called
Sarepta in the
New Testament (Luke 4:26).
Zaraphath in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
("tsarfa'".) Elijah's residence during the drought (1 Kings
17:9-10); belonging to Sidon. A Canaanite, i.e. Phoenician
city (Obadiah 1:20). Sarepta in Luke 4:26. The name means
smelting shop. Now Surafend, a tell or hill, with a small
village, seven or eight miles from Sidon, near the Zaharain
river. The ancient town however was below on the shore; there,
ruins of a flourishing city are found, columns, marble slabs
and sarcophagi, and a chapel of the crusaders on the presumed
site of the widow's house.
Zaraphath in Hitchcock's Bible Names
ambush of the mouth
Zaraphath in Naves Topical Bible
(A city between Tyre and Sidon)
-Elijah performs two miracles in
-Called SAREPTA (A. V.) in
Zaraphath in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(smelting place), the residence of the prophet Elijah during
the latter part of the drought. 1Ki 17:9,10 It was near to, or
dependent on, Zidon. It is represented by the modern village
of Sura-fend. Of the old town considerable indications remain.
One group of foundations is on a headland called Ain el-
Kanatarah; but the chief remains are south of this, and extend
for a mile or more, with many fragments of columns, slabs and
other architectural features. In the New Testament Zarephath
appears under the Greek form of SAREPTA.
Zaraphath in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
zar'-e-fath (tsarephath; Sarepta): The Sidonian town in
which Elijah was entertained by a widow after he left the
brook Cherith (1 Ki 17:9 ff). Obadiah refers to it as a
Canaanite (probably meaning Phoenicia) town (Ob 1:20). It
appears in the Greek form Sarepta in Lk 4:26 (the King James
Version), and is said to be in the land of Sidon. Josephus
(Ant., VIII, xiii, 2) says it was not "far from Sidon and
Tyre, for it lay between them." Eusebius, Onomasticon (s.v.
"Sarefta"), places it on the public road, i.e. the road
along the seashore. It can be no other than the modern
Sarafend, about 13 miles North of Tyre, on the spur of the
mountain which divides the plain of Tyre from that of Sidon.
The site of the ancient town is marked by the ruins on the
shore to the South of the modern village, about 8 miles to
the South of Sidon, which extend along the shore for a mile
or more. They are in two distinct groups, one on a headland
to the West of a fountain called Ain el-Qantara, which is
not far from the shore. Here was the ancient harbor which
still affords shelter for small craft. The other group of
ruins is to the South, and consists of columns, sarcophagi
and marble slabs, indicating a city of considerable
importance. The modern village of Sarafend was built some
time after the 12th century, since at the time of the
Crusades the town was still on the shore.
It is conjectured that the Syrophoenician woman mentioned in
Lk 4:26 was an inhabitant of Zarephath., and it is possible
that our Lord visited the place in His journey to the region
as narrated in Mk 7:24-31, for it is said that he "came
through Sidon unto the sea of Galilee."
The place has been identified by some with Misrephoth-maim
of Josh 11:8 and 13:6, but the latter passage would indicate
that Misrephoth-maim was at the limit of the territory of
the Sidonians, which Zarephath was not in the days of
See MISREPHOTH-MAIM; SIDON.
Originally Sidonian, the town passed to the Tyrians after
the invasian of Shalmaneser IV, 722 BC. It fell to
Sennacherib 701 BC. The Wely, or shrine bearing the name of
el-Khudr, the saint in whom George is blended with Elijah,
stands near the shore. Probably here the Crusaders erected a
chapel on what they believed to be the site of the widow's
Zaraphath Scripture - 1 Kings 17:10
So he arose and went to Zarephath. And when he came to the
gate of the city, behold, the widow woman [was] there
gathering of sticks: and he called to her, and said, Fetch me,
I pray thee, a little water in a vessel, that I may drink.
Zaraphath Scripture - 1 Kings 17:9
Arise, get thee to Zarephath, which [belongeth] to Zidon, and
dwell there: behold, I have commanded a widow woman there to
Zaraphath Scripture - Obediah 1:20
And the captivity of this host of the children of Israel
[shall possess] that of the Canaanites, [even] unto Zarephath;
and the captivity of Jerusalem, which [is] in Sepharad, shall
possess the cities of the south.