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December 9    Scripture



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Bible Cities: Sidon
Ancient Sidon

Map of Ancient Sidon

SIDON, the Zidon of the Old Testament, and now called Saida, was situated on the Mediterranean, 20 miles north of Tyre, and the same distance south of the present city of Beyrout. It is one of the most ancient cities in the world, and is mentioned by Jacob in Genesis 49:13. It is believed to have been founded by Zidon, the eldest son of Canaan, soon after the deluge. It was once a place of great wealth and importance, possessing a splendid harbor and an extensive maritime trade. Its inhabitants were famous for their success in commerce, their skill in navigation, "astronomy, architecture, and glass-flaking. The harbor is now choked with sand, and Sidon is a wretched, half-ruined town with 5000 inhabitants. It was visited by the Saviour, and many of the inhabitants believed on Him. - Ancient Geography

Ancient Sidon - Kids Bible maps This map shows the cities known as Tyre and Sidon in the land of Phoenicia near ancient Israel.

The Bible says that when Jesus travelled to the region of Tyre and Sidon, a Canaanite woman came to him and begged him to save her daughter from a demon. The woman pleaded and pleaded with Jesus until Jesus turned to her and said, "Woman, you have great faith! Your request is granted." And her daughter was healed at that very moment.

Jesus also referred to Tyre and Sidon when he was addressing the cities of Israel: Chorazin, Bethsaida, and Capernaum. Jesus performed many miracles in these cities but they still did not believe he was the Son of God. Jesus said if he had done the same miracles in Tyre and Sidon they would have repented of their sins and believed in him! That statement would have really gotten their attention, because they believed that the Messiah would only be for the Jewish people not the Phoenicians or any other people. Thankfully for you and me, Jesus came and died for everyone!


Ancient Sidon - Kids Bible maps This map shows the cities known as Tyre and Sidon in the land of Phoenicia near ancient Israel.

The Bible says that when Jesus travelled to the region of Tyre and Sidon, a Canaanite woman came to him and begged him to save her daughter from a demon. The woman pleaded and pleaded with Jesus until Jesus turned to her and said, "Woman, you have great faith! Your request is granted." And her daughter was healed at that very moment.

Jesus also referred to Tyre and Sidon when he was addressing the cities of Israel: Chorazin, Bethsaida, and Capernaum. Jesus performed many miracles in these cities but they still did not believe he was the Son of God. Jesus said if he had done the same miracles in Tyre and Sidon they would have repented of their sins and believed in him! That statement would have really gotten their attention, because they believed that the Messiah would only be for the Jewish people not the Phoenicians or any other people. Thankfully for you and me, Jesus came and died for everyone!


Ancient Sidon - Kids Bible maps This map shows the cities known as Tyre and Sidon in the land of Phoenicia near ancient Israel.

The Bible says that when Jesus travelled to the region of Tyre and Sidon, a Canaanite woman came to him and begged him to save her daughter from a demon. The woman pleaded and pleaded with Jesus until Jesus turned to her and said, "Woman, you have great faith! Your request is granted." And her daughter was healed at that very moment.

Jesus also referred to Tyre and Sidon when he was addressing the cities of Israel: Chorazin, Bethsaida, and Capernaum. Jesus performed many miracles in these cities but they still did not believe he was the Son of God. Jesus said if he had done the same miracles in Tyre and Sidon they would have repented of their sins and believed in him! That statement would have really gotten their attention, because they believed that the Messiah would only be for the Jewish people not the Phoenicians or any other people. Thankfully for you and me, Jesus came and died for everyone!


Sidon in Easton's Bible Dictionary fishing; fishery, Gen. 10:15, 19 (A.V. marg., Tzidon; R.V., Zidon); Matt. 11:21, 22; Luke 6:17. (See ZIDON -T0003926.)

Sidon in Fausset's Bible Dictionary ("fishing town"); SIDON or ZIDON. Genesis 10:9; Genesis 10:15; Joshua 11:8; Joshua 19:28; Judges 1:31. Sidon was in Asher (Isaiah 23:2; Isaiah 23:4; Isaiah 23:12). An ancient mercantile city of Phoenicia, in the narrow plain between Lebanon and the Mediterranean, where the mountains recede two miles from the sea; 20 miles N. of Tyre. Now Saida. Old Sidon stands on the northern slope of a promontory projecting a few hundred yards into the sea, having thus "a fine naturally formed harbour" (Strabo). The citadel occupies the hill behind on the south. Sidon is called (Genesis 10:15) the firstborn of Canaan, and "great Sidon" or the metropolis (Joshua 11:8). Sidonians is the generic name of the Phoenicians or Canaanites (Joshua 13:6; Judges 18:7); in Judges 18:28 Laish is said to be "far from Sidon," whereas Tyre, 20 miles nearer, would have been specified if it had then been a city of leading importance. (See TYRE.) So in Homer Sidon is named, but not Tyre. Justin Martyr makes (Judges 18:3) Tyre a colony planted by Sidon when the king of Ascalon took Sidon the year before the fall of Troy. Tyre is first mentioned in Scripture in Joshua 19:29 as "the strong city," the "daughter of Sidon" (Isaiah 23:12.) Sidon and Sidonians are names often subsequently used for Tyre, Tyrians. Thus Ethbaal, king of the Sidonians (1 Kings 16:31), is called by Menander in Josephus (Ant. 8:13, section 2) king of the Tyrians. By the time of Zechariah (Zechariah 9:2) Tyre has the precedency, "Tyrus and Sidon." Sidon revolted from the yoke of Tyre when Shalmaneser's invasion gave the opportunity. Rivalry with Tyre influenced Sidon to submit without resistance to Nebuchadnezzar. Its rebellion against the Persian Artaxerxes Ochus entailed great havoc on its citizens, Tennes its king proving traitor. Its fleet helped Alexander the Great against Tyre (Arrian, Anab. Al., 2:15). Augustus took away its liberties. Its population is now 5,000. Its trade and navigation have left it for Beirut. It was famed for elaborate embroidery, working of metals artistically, glass, the blowpipe, lathe, and graver, and cast mirrors. (Pliny 36:26, H. N. 5:17; 1 Kings 5:6, "not any can skill to hew timber like unto the Sidonians".) Their seafaring is alluded to (Isaiah 23:2). Self indulgent ease followed in the train of their wealth, so that "the manner of the Sidonians" was proverbial (Judges 18:7).. Sidon had her own king (Jeremiah 25:22; Jeremiah 27:3). Sidonian women in Solomon's harem seduced him to worship Ashtoreth "the goddess of the Sidonians" (1 Kings 11:1; 1 Kings 11:4; 2 Kings 23:13). Joel reproves Sidon and Tyre for selling children of Judah and Jerusalem to the Grecians, and threatens them with a like fate, Judah selling their sons and daughters to the Sabeans. So Ezekiel (Ezekiel 28:22-24) threatens Sidon with pestilence and blood in her streets, so that she shall be no more a pricking brier unto Israel. Jesus went once to the coasts of Tyre and Sidon (Matthew 15:21). Paul touched at Sidon on his voyage from Caesarea to Rome (Acts 27:3); by Julius' courteous permission Paul there "went unto his friends to refresh himself." Tyre and Sidon's doom shall be more tolerable in the day of judgment than that of those who witnessed Christ's works and teaching, yet repented not (Matthew 11:21-22). On a coin of the age of Antiochus IV Tyre claims to be "mother of the Sidonians," being at that time the capital city.

Sidon in Hitchcock's Bible Names hunting; fishing; venison

Sidon in Naves Topical Bible 1. Also called ZIDON Son of Canaan Ge 10:15; 1Ch 1:13 -2. A city on the northern boundary of the Canaanites Ge 10:19 Designated by Jacob as the border of the tribe of Zebulun Ge 49:13 Was on the northern boundary of the tribe of Asher Jos 19:28; 2Sa 24:6 Belonged to the land of Israel according to a promise Jos 13:6 Inhabitants of, lived in security and without a worry Jud 18:7 Israelites failed to make conquest of Jud 1:31; 3:3 The inhabitants of, contributed cedar for the first and second temple 1Ki 5:6; 1Ch 22:4; Ezr 3:7 Solomon marries women of 1Ki 11:1 Ahab marries a woman of 1Ki 16:31 People of, come to hear Jesus Mr 3:8; Lu 6:17 Inhabitants of, offend Herod Agrippa I Ac 12:20-23 Commerce of Isa 23:2,4,12 The sailors of Eze 27:8 Prophecies concerning Jer 25:15-22; 27:3-11; 47:4; Eze 28:21-23; 32:30; Joe 3:4-8 Jesus visits the region of, and heals the daughter of the non-Jewish, Syro-Phoenician woman Mt 15:21-28; Mr 7:24-31 Visited by Paul Ac 27:3

Sidon in Smiths Bible Dictionary the Greek form of the Phoenician name Zidon. [ZIDON]

Sidon in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE si'-don (tsidhon; Sidon; the King James Version, Sidon and Zidon; the Revised Version (British and American) SIDON only): 1. Location and Distinction: One of the oldest Phoenician cities, situated on a narrow plain between the range of Lebanon and the sea, in latitude 33 degrees 34 minutes nearly. The plain is well watered and fertile, about 10 miles long, extending from a little North of Sarepta to the Bostrenus (Nahr el-'Auly). The ancient city was situated near the northern end of the plain, surrounded with a strong wall. It possessed two harbors, the northern one about 500 yds. long by 200 wide, well protected by little islets and a breakwater, and a southern about 600 by 400 yards, surrounded on three sides by land, but open to the West, and thus exposed in bad weather. The date of the founding of the city is unknown, but we find it mentioned in the Tell el-Amarna Letters in the 14th century BC, and in Gen 10:19 it is the chief city of the Canaanites, and Joshua (Josh 11:8) calls it Great Sidon. It led all the Phoenician cities in its early development of maritime affairs, its sailors being the first to launch out into the open sea out of sight of land and to sail by night, guiding themselves by the stars. They were the first to come into contact with the Greeks and we find the mention of them several times in Homer, while other Phoenician towns are not noticed. Sidon became early distinguished for its manufactures and the skill of its artisans, such as beautiful metal-work in silver and bronze and textile fabrics embroidered and dyed with the famous purple dye which became known as Tyrian, but which was earlier produced at Sidon. Notices of these choice articles are found in Homer, both in the Iliad and the Odyssey. Sidon had a monarchical form of government, as did all the Phoenician towns, but it also held a sort of hegemony over those to the South as far as the limit of Phoenicia. It likewise made one attempt to establish an inland colony at Laish or Dan, near the headwaters of the Jordan, but this ended in disaster (Jdg 18:7,27,28). The attempt was not renewed, but many colonies were established over-sea. Citium, in Cyprus, was one of the earliest. 2. Historical: (1) The independence of Sidon was lost when the kings of the XVIIIth and XIXth Dynasties of Egypt added Israel and Syria to their dominions (1580-1205 BC). The kings of Sidon were allowed to remain on the throne as long as they paid tribute, and perhaps still exercised authority over the towns that had before been subject to them. When the power of Egypt declined under Amenhotep IV (1375-1358), the king of Sidon seems to have thrown off the yoke, as appears from the Tell el-Amarna Letters. Rib-addi of Gebal writes to the king of Egypt that Zimrida, king of Sidon, had joined the enemy, but Zimrida himself...

Sidon Scripture - Acts 12:20 And Herod was highly displeased with them of Tyre and Sidon: but they came with one accord to him, and, having made Blastus the king's chamberlain their friend, desired peace; because their country was nourished by the king's [country].

Sidon Scripture - Acts 27:3 And the next [day] we touched at Sidon. And Julius courteously entreated Paul, and gave [him] liberty to go unto his friends to refresh himself.

Sidon Scripture - Genesis 10:15 And Canaan begat Sidon his firstborn, and Heth,

Sidon Scripture - Genesis 10:19 And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha.

Sidon Scripture - Luke 10:13 Woe unto thee, Chorazin! woe unto thee, Bethsaida! for if the mighty works had been done in Tyre and Sidon, which have been done in you, they had a great while ago repented, sitting in sackcloth and ashes.

Sidon Scripture - Luke 10:14 But it shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the judgment, than for you.

Sidon Scripture - Luke 4:26 But unto none of them was Elias sent, save unto Sarepta, [a city] of Sidon, unto a woman [that was] a widow.

Sidon Scripture - Luke 6:17 And he came down with them, and stood in the plain, and the company of his disciples, and a great multitude of people out of all Judaea and Jerusalem, and from the sea coast of Tyre and Sidon, which came to hear him, and to be healed of their diseases;

Sidon Scripture - Mark 3:8 And from Jerusalem, and from Idumaea, and [from] beyond Jordan; and they about Tyre and Sidon, a great multitude, when they had heard what great things he did, came unto him.

Sidon Scripture - Mark 7:24 And from thence he arose, and went into the borders of Tyre and Sidon, and entered into an house, and would have no man know [it]: but he could not be hid.

Sidon Scripture - Mark 7:31 And again, departing from the coasts of Tyre and Sidon, he came unto the sea of Galilee, through the midst of the coasts of Decapolis.

Sidon Scripture - Matthew 11:21 Woe unto thee, Chorazin! woe unto thee, Bethsaida! for if the mighty works, which were done in you, had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes.

Sidon Scripture - Matthew 11:22 But I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the day of judgment, than for you.

Sidon Scripture - Matthew 15:21 Then Jesus went thence, and departed into the coasts of Tyre and Sidon.

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