: PisgahPisgah Mountains in the Bible
Pisgah in Easton's Bible Dictionary
a part, a mountain summit in the land of Moab, in the
of Reuben, where Balak offered up sacrifices (Num.
23:14), and from which Moses viewed the promised land
3:27). It is probably the modern Jebel Siaghah. (See
Pisgah in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
A ridge of the Abarim mountains W. from Heshbon. Nebo was a
town on, or near, that ridge, lying on its western slope
(Numbers 21:20; Numbers 32:3; Numbers 32:38; Deuteronomy
32:49; Deuteronomy 34:1). From Pisgah, Israel gained their
first view of the Dead Sea and Jordan valley; hence Moses
too viewed the land of promise. The correct designation for
the mount is not "Nebo" (which has become usual for
convenience sake) but "the mountain adjoining Nebo." In
Scripture Nebo denotes only the town (Isaiah 15:2; Jeremiah
48:1-22). The uniform peakless nature of Pisgah caused its
parts to be distinguished only by the names of the adjacent
villages. It always has the article "THE Pisgah" E. of
Jordan, near "the field of Moab, opposite Jericho." The
field of Zophim was on it Ashsoth-Pisgah; Deuteronomy 3:17.
Pisgah is derived from paasag "to divide," a
detached range of Abarim. Tristram from a point about 4,500
ft. high, three miles S.W. of Heshbon and one and a half W.
of Main, saw to the N. and E. the Gilead hills, and the vast
Belka ocean of grain and grass; to the S., Her and Seir of
Arabia; to the W., the Dead Sea and Jordan valley and the
familiar objects near Jerusalem; and over Jordan, Gerizim's
round top, and further the Esdraelon plain and the shoulder
of Carmel; to the N. rose Tabor's outline, Gilboa and little
Hermon (jebel Duhy); in front rose Ajlun's dark forests,
ending in Mount Gilead, behind Es Salt (Ramoth Gilead) The
name Pisgah survives only on the N.W. end of the Dead Sea,
in the Ras el Feshkah (Hebrew: Rosh ha-Pisgah, "top of
Pisgah"). Jebel Siugah ("fragment") probably answers to
Pisgah. It is "over against Jericho," and the view
corresponds. It is a fragment cut off by declivities on all
sides, and separated from Nebo by the wady Haisa.
Pisgah in Hitchcock's Bible Names
hill; eminence; fortress
Pisgah in Naves Topical Bible
(A ridge or mountain east of the Jordan River, opposite to
-The Israelites come to
-A boundary of the country assigned to the Reubenites and
De 3:17; 4:49; Jos 12:3
-Balaam prophesies on
-Moses views Israel from
De 3:27; 34:1-4
Pisgah in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(section, i.e. peak), Nu 21:20; 23:14; De 3:27; 34:1 a
mountain range or district, the same as or a part of, that
called the mountains of Abarim. Comp. De 32:49 with Deut 34:1
It lay on the east of Jordan contiguous to the field
of Moab, and immediately opposite Jericho. Its highest point
or summit --its "head"--was Mount Nebo. [See NEBO]
Pisgah in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
piz'-ga (ha-picgah; Phasga, to lelaxeumenon, he laxeute):
This name, which has always the definite article, appears
only in combination either with ro'sh, "head," "top," or
'ashdoth, not translated in the King James Version save in
Dt 4:49, where it is rendered "springs" the Revised Version
(British and American) uniformly "slopes," the Revised
Version margin "springs."
Pisgah is identified with Nebo in Dt 34:1; compare 3:27.
"The top of Pisgah, which looketh down upon the desert"
marks a stage in the march of the host of Israel (Nu 21:20).
Hither Balak brought Balaam to the field of Zophim (Nu
23:14). Here Moses obtained his view of the Promised Land,
and died. See NEBO. Many scholars (e.g. Buhl, GAP, 122;
Gray, "Numbers," ICC, 291) take Pisgah as the name applying
to the mountain range in which the Moab plateau terminates
to the West, the "top" or "head" of Pisgah being the point
in which the ridge running out westward from the main mass
culminates. The summit commands a wide view, and looks down
upon the desert. The identification is made surer by the
name Tal'at es-Sufa found here, which seems to correspond
with the field of Zophim.
'Ashdoth is the construct plural of 'ashedhah (singular form
not found), from 'eshedh, "foundation," "bottom," "lower
part" (slope); compare Assyrian ishdu, "foundation." Some
would, derive it from Aramaic 'ashadh, "to pour," whence
"fall" or "slope" (OHL, under the word). Ashdoth-pisgah
overlooked the Dead Sea from the East (Dt 3:17; 4:49; Josh
12:3; 13:20). There can be no reasonable doubt that Ashdoth-
pisgah signifies the steep slopes of the mountain descending
into the contiguous valleys.
It is worthy of note that Septuagint does not uniformly
render Pisgah by a proper name, but sometimes by a
derivative of laxeuo, "to hew" or "to dress stone" (Nu
21:20; 23:14; Dt 3:27; 4:49). Jerome (Onomasticon, under the
word Asedoth) gives abscisum as the Latin equivalent of
Fasga. He derives Pisgah from pacagh, which, in new Hebrew,
means "to split," "to cut off." This suggests a mountain the
steep sides of which give it the appearance of having been
"cut out." This description applies perfectly to Jebel Neba
as viewed from the Dead Sea.
Pisgah Scripture - Deuteronomy 34:1
And Moses went up from the plains of Moab unto the mountain of
Nebo, to the top of Pisgah, that [is] over against Jericho.
And the LORD shewed him all the land of Gilead, unto Dan,
Pisgah Scripture - Deuteronomy 3:27
Get thee up into the top of Pisgah, and lift up thine eyes
westward, and northward, and southward, and eastward, and
behold [it] with thine eyes: for thou shalt not go over this
Pisgah Scripture - Deuteronomy 4:49
And all the plain on this side Jordan eastward, even unto the
sea of the plain, under the springs of Pisgah.
Pisgah Scripture - Numbers 21:20
And from Bamoth [in] the valley, that [is] in the country of
Moab, to the top of Pisgah, which looketh toward Jeshimon.
Pisgah Scripture - Numbers 23:14
And he brought him into the field of Zophim, to the top of
Pisgah, and built seven altars, and offered a bullock and a
ram on [every] altar.