: MizpahAncient Mizpah
Mizpah in Easton's Bible Dictionary
or Miz'peh, watch-tower; the look-out. (1.) A place in
so named by Laban, who overtook Jacob at this spot
on his return to Israel from Padan-aram. Here
Jacob and Laban
set up their memorial cairn of stones. It is the
Ramath-mizpeh (Josh. 13:26).
(2.) A town in Gilead, where Jephthah resided, and
assumed the command of the Israelites in a time of
danger. Here he made his rash vow; and here his
submitted to her mysterious fate (Judg. 10:17;
11:11, 34). It
may be the same as Ramoth-Gilead (Josh. 20:8), but
it is more
likely that it is identical with the foregoing, the
Gen. 31:23, 25, 48, 49.
(3.) Another place in Gilead, at the foot of Mount
inhabited by Hivites (Josh. 11:3, 8). The name in
has the article before it, "the Mizpeh," "the watch-
modern village of Metullah, meaning also "the look-
probably occupies the site so called.
(4.) A town of Moab to which David removed his
safety during his persecution by Saul (1 Sam. 22:3).
probably the citadel known as Kir-Moab, now Kerak.
resided here he was visited by the prophet Gad, here
for the first time, who was probably sent by Samuel
to bid him
leave the land of Moab and betake himself to the
land of Judah.
He accordingly removed to the forest of Hareth
(q.v.), on the
edge of the mountain chain of Hebron.
(5.) A city of Benjamin, "the watch-tower", where
were accustomed to meet in great national
18:26; Judg. 20:1, 3; 21:1, 5; 1 Sam. 7:5-16). It
supposed to be the same as Nob (1 Sam. 21:1; 22:9-
19). It was
some 4 miles north-west of Jerusalem, and was
situated on the
loftiest hill in the neighbourhood, some 600 feet
plain of Gibeon. This village has the modern name of
Samwil, i.e., the prophet Samuel, from a tradition
tomb is here. (See NOB -T0002742.)
Samuel inaugurated the reformation that
characterized his time
by convening a great assembly of all Israel at
Mizpeh, now the
politico-religious centre of the nation. There, in
humiliation on account of their sins, they renewed
and entered again into covenant with the God of
It was a period of great religious awakening and of
national life. The Philistines heard of this
assembly, and came
up against Israel. The Hebrews charged the
Philistine host with
great fury, and they were totally routed. Samuel
this signal victory by erecting a memorial-stone,
called "Ebenezer" (q.v.), saying, "Hitherto hath the
us" (1 Sam. 7:7-12).
Mizpah in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Hebrew "the Mizpah," generally a "watchtower". Mizpeh
(masculine) expresses rather the town; Mizpah (feminine) the
district (Joshua 11:8; Joshua 11:8).
1. In Gilead E. of Jordan. The name Laban gave to
Galeed, the "heap of witness," the memorial of his covenant
with Jacob, and the boundary landmark between them (Genesis
31:48-49; Genesis 31:52), "for he said, Jehovah watch
between me and thee when we are absent one from another."
(See GALEED.) Herein he adopts Jacoh's language (Hebrew) and
religion (Jehovah's worship). In Hosea 5:1, "ye house of the
king, ye have been a snare on Mizpah and a net spread upon
Tabor," the sense is, Ye ought to have been "watchers"
guarding Israel from evil, but ye have been as hunters
entrapping them into it. Mizpah in the E. and Tabor in the
W. include the high places of the whole kingdom in which the
rulers set up idol altars. Here Israel assembled to choose a
leader in its "misery" when Ammon, having oppressed eastern
Israel, was threatening also to attack Judah and Ephraim
W. of Jordan.
Jephthah passed Mizpah on his way from Gilead to
fight Ammon (Judges 10:16-17; Judges 11:29). Here on the
hallowed ground he "uttered all his words before Jehovah in
the Mizpah." Thenceforth his home was there; and at Mizpah
the sad meeting with his daughter took place (Judges 11:34).
Seemingly identical with Ramoth Gilead, or Ramath ("high
place") Mizpeh (Joshua 13:26); now es Salt, or else Mizpah
is the Mount Jebel Osha, to the N.W. Here too Israel met, as
being the ancient sanctuary, to determine what was to be
done after the outrage perpetrated at Gibeah (Judges 20:1;
Judges 20:3; Judges 21:1; Judges 21:5; Judges 21:8).
2. Mizpeh Moab, where the Moabite king lived when
David entrusted his parents to him (1 Samuel 22:3). Possibly
Kir Moab, now Kerak, S.E. of the Dead Sea. More probably a
mountain fastness on the high land bounding the Arboth Moab
on the E. of the Dead Sea; on the mountains Abarim or Pisgah
(Deuteronomy 34:1), which David could easily reach from
Bethlehem by crossing the Jordan near its...
Mizpah in Hitchcock's Bible Names
Mizpah in Naves Topical Bible
1. A city allotted to the tribe of Benjamin
The Israelites assemble at
And decree the penalty to be visited upon the Benjamites
their maltreatment of the Levite's concubine
Assembled by Samuel so that he could reprove them for
They crown Saul king of Israel at
A judgment seat of Samuel
Walled up by Asa
1Ki 15:22; 2Ch 16:6
Temporarily the capitol of the country after the people
Israel had been carried away captive
2Ki 25:23,25; Jer 40:6-15; 41:1-14
Captivity returned to
-2. A valley near Lebanon
-3. A city in Moab
David puts his parents into the care of the king of
-4. A city in the lowlands of Judah
Mizpah in Smiths Bible Dictionary
and Miz'peh (a watch-tower), the name of several places in
1. The earliest of all, in order of the narrative,
is the heap of stones piled up by Jacob and Laban, Ge 31:48
on Mount Gilead, ver. Ge 31:25 to serve both as a witness to
the covenant then entered into and as a landmark of the
boundary between them. ver. Ge 31:52 On this natural watch-
tower did the children of Israel assemble for the choice of
a leader to resist the children of Ammon. Jud 10:17 There
the fatal meeting took place between Jephthah and his
daughter on his return from the war. ch. Jud 11:34 It seems
most probable that the "Mizpeh-gilead" which is mentioned
here, and here only, is the same as the "ham-Mizpah" of the
other parts of the narrative; and both are probably
identical with the Ramath-mizpeh and Ramoth-gilead, so
famous in the later history.
2. A second Mizpeh, on the east of Jordan, was the
Mizpeh-moab, where the king of that nation was living when
David committed his parents to his care. 1Sa 22:3
3. A third was "the land of Mizpeh," or more
accurately "of Mizpah," the residence of the Hivites who
joined the northern confederacy against Israel, headed by
Jabin king of Hazor. Jos 11:3 No other mention is found of
this district in the Bible, unless it be identical with --
4. The valley of Mizpeh, to which the discomfited
hosts of the same confederacy were chased by Joshua, Jos
11:8 perhaps identical with the great country of Coele-
5. Mizpeh, a city of Judah, Jos 15:38 in the
district of the Shefelah or maritime lowland.
6. Mizpeh, in Joshua and Samuel; elsewhere Mizpah, a
"city" of Benjamin, not far from Jerusalem. Jos 18:26; 1Ki
15:22; 2Ch 16:6; Ne 3:7 It was one of the places fortified
by Asa against the incursions of the kings of northern
Israel, 1Ki 15:22; 2Ch 16:6; Jer 41:10 and after the
destruction of Jerusalem it became the residence of the
superintendent appointed by the king of Babylon, Jer 40:7
etc., and the scene of his murder and of the romantic
incidents connected with the name of Ishmael the son of
Nethaniah. It was one of the three holy cities which Samuel
visited in turn as judge of the people, 1Sa 7:6,16 the other
two being Bethel and Gilgal. With the conquest of Jerusalem
and the establishment there of the ark, the sanctity of
Mizpah, or at least its reputation, seems to have declined.
From Mizpah the city or the temple was visible. These
conditions are satisfied by the position of Scopus, the
broad ridge which forms the continuation of the Mount of
Olives to the north and cast, from which the traveller
gains, like Titus, his first view, and takes his last
farewell, of the domes, walls and towers of the holy city.
Mizpah in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
miz'-pa, miz'-pe: This name is pointed both ways in the
Hebrew, and is found usually with the article. The meaning
seems to be "outlook" or "watchtower." It is natural,
therefore, to look for the places so named in high positions
commanding wide prospects.
(1) (ha-mitspah (Gen 31:49; Jdg 11:11,34), mitspah (Hos
5:1), mitspeh ghil`adh (Jdg 11:29); Massepha, ten skopian,
and other forms): It seems probable that the same place is
intended in all these passages, and that it is identical
with Ramath-mizpeh of Josh 13:26. It is the place where
Jacob and Laban parted in Mt. Gilead; consequently it lay to
the North of Mahanaim. Here was the home of Jephthah, to
which he returned after the defeat of the Aremonites, only
to realize how his rash vow had brought desolation to his
house. It was taken by Judas Maccabeus, who destroyed the
inhabitants and burned the city (1 Macc 5:35). Jerash, and
Kal`at er-Rabad; but these seem all to lie South of any
possible site for Mahanaim. A ruined site was discovered by
Dr. Schumacher (M und NPDV, 1897, 86), with the name Macfa,
which is just the Arabic equivalent of the Hebrew Mitspah.
It lies some distance to the Northwest of Jerash and claims
consideration in any attempt to fix the site of Mizpah.
(2) ('erets ha-mitspah (Josh 11:3), biq`ath mitspeh (verse
8); Masseuman, Massephath, and other forms): The "land of
Mizpah" and the "valley of Mizpah" may be taken as applying
to the same district. It lay on the southwest slopes of
Hermon Northeast of the Waters of Merom. The site must be
looked for on one of the heights in the region indicated,
from which a wide view is obtained. MuTallah, a Druze
village standing on a hill to the North of `Abil and East of
Nahr el-Chasbany, was suggested by Robinson. The present
writer agrees with Buhl (GAP, 240) that the ancient castle
above Banias, Kal`at ec-Cubeibeh, occupies a more likely
(3) (mitspeh; Maspha): A town in the Shephelah of Judah
named with Dilan, Joktheel and Lachish (Tell el-Hesy).
Eusebius, Onomasticon mentions a Macfa in the neighborhood
of Eleutheropolis, to the North. The identification proposed
by Van de Velde and Guerin would suit this description. They
would locate Mizeph at Tell ec-Cafiyeh, about 7 1/2 miles
Northwest of Beit Jibrin, "a conspicuous hill with a
glittering white cliff rising like an isolated block above
the adjacent country" (PEFS, 1903, 276). Many identify this
site with Gath, but the name and character of the place
point rather to identification with Mizpeh, the Blanche
Guarde or Alba Specula of the Middle Ages.
(4) (ha-mitspah; Massema, Maspha): A town in the territory
Mizpah Scripture - 1 Kings 15:22
Then king Asa made a proclamation throughout all Judah; none
[was] exempted: and they took away the stones of Ramah, and
the timber thereof, wherewith Baasha had builded; and king Asa
built with them Geba of Benjamin, and Mizpah.
Mizpah Scripture - 2 Chronicles 16:6
Then Asa the king took all Judah; and they carried away the
stones of Ramah, and the timber thereof, wherewith Baasha was
building; and he built therewith Geba and Mizpah.
Mizpah Scripture - 2 Kings 25:23
And when all the captains of the armies, they and their men,
heard that the king of Babylon had made Gedaliah governor,
there came to Gedaliah to Mizpah, even Ishmael the son of
Nethaniah, and Johanan the son of Careah, and Seraiah the son
of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, and Jaazaniah the son of a
Maachathite, they and their men.
Mizpah Scripture - 2 Kings 25:25
But it came to pass in the seventh month, that Ishmael the son
of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, of the seed royal, came,
and ten men with him, and smote Gedaliah, that he died, and
the Jews and the Chaldees that were with him at Mizpah.
Mizpah Scripture - Genesis 31:49
And Mizpah; for he said, The LORD watch between me and thee,
when we are absent one from another.
Mizpah Scripture - Hosea 5:1
Hear ye this, O priests; and hearken, ye house of Israel; and
give ye ear, O house of the king; for judgment [is] toward
you, because ye have been a snare on Mizpah, and a net spread
Mizpah Scripture - Jeremiah 40:10
As for me, behold, I will dwell at Mizpah to serve the
Chaldeans, which will come unto us: but ye, gather ye wine,
and summer fruits, and oil, and put [them] in your vessels,
and dwell in your cities that ye have taken.
Mizpah Scripture - Jeremiah 40:12
Even all the Jews returned out of all places whither they were
driven, and came to the land of Judah, to Gedaliah, unto
Mizpah, and gathered wine and summer fruits very much.
Mizpah Scripture - Jeremiah 40:13
Moreover Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the captains of
the forces that [were] in the fields, came to Gedaliah to
Mizpah Scripture - Jeremiah 40:6
Then went Jeremiah unto Gedaliah the son of Ahikam to Mizpah;
and dwelt with him among the people that were left in the
Mizpah Scripture - Jeremiah 40:8
Then they came to Gedaliah to Mizpah, even Ishmael the son of
Nethaniah, and Johanan and Jonathan the sons of Kareah, and
Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth, and the sons of Ephai the
Netophathite, and Jezaniah the son of a Maachathite, they and
Mizpah Scripture - Jeremiah 41:1
Now it came to pass in the seventh month, [that] Ishmael the
son of Nethaniah the son of Elishama, of the seed royal, and
the princes of the king, even ten men with him, came unto
Gedaliah the son of Ahikam to Mizpah; and there they did eat
bread together in Mizpah.
Mizpah Scripture - Jeremiah 41:10
Then Ishmael carried away captive all the residue of the
people that [were] in Mizpah, [even] the king's daughters, and
all the people that remained in Mizpah, whom Nebuzaradan the
captain of the guard had committed to Gedaliah the son of
Ahikam: and Ishmael the son of Nethaniah carried them away
captive, and departed to go over to the Ammonites.
Mizpah Scripture - Jeremiah 41:14
So all the people that Ishmael had carried away captive from
Mizpah cast about and returned, and went unto Johanan the son
Mizpah Scripture - Jeremiah 41:16
Then took Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the captains of
the forces that [were] with him, all the remnant of the people
whom he had recovered from Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, from
Mizpah, after [that] he had slain Gedaliah the son of Ahikam,
[even] mighty men of war, and the women, and the children, and
the eunuchs, whom he had brought again from Gibeon:
Mizpah Scripture - Jeremiah 41:3
Ishmael also slew all the Jews that were with him, [even] with
Gedaliah, at Mizpah, and the Chaldeans that were found there,
[and] the men of war.
Mizpah Scripture - Jeremiah 41:6
And Ishmael the son of Nethaniah went forth from Mizpah to
meet them, weeping all along as he went: and it came to pass,
as he met them, he said unto them, Come to Gedaliah the son of
Mizpah Scripture - Nehemiah 3:15
But the gate of the fountain repaired Shallun the son of
Colhozeh, the ruler of part of Mizpah; he built it, and
covered it, and set up the doors thereof, the locks thereof,
and the bars thereof, and the wall of the pool of Siloah by
the king's garden, and unto the stairs that go down from the
city of David.
MIzpah Scripture - Nehemiah 3:19
And next to him repaired Ezer the son of Jeshua, the ruler of
Mizpah, another piece over against the going up to the armoury
at the turning [of the wall].
Mizpah Scripture - Nehemiah 3:7
And next unto them repaired Melatiah the Gibeonite, and Jadon
the Meronothite, the men of Gibeon, and of Mizpah, unto the
throne of the governor on this side the river.