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November 17    Scripture



Bible Cities: Valley of Jehoshaphat
The Valley of Jehoshaphat in the Bible

Map of the Ancient Valley of Jehoshaphat


Jehoshaphat in Hitchcock's Bible Names the Lord is judge

Valley of Jehoshaphat in Easton's Bible Dictionary mentioned in Scripture only in Joel 3:2, 12. This is the name given in modern times to the valley between Jerusalem and the Mount of Olives, and the Kidron flows through it. Here Jehoshaphat overthrew the confederated enemies of Israel (Ps. 83:6-8); and in this valley also God was to overthrow the Tyrians, Zidonians, etc. (Joel 3:4, 19), with an utter overthrow. This has been fulfilled; but Joel speaks of the final conflict, when God would destroy all Jerusalem's enemies, of whom Tyre and Zidon, etc., were types. The "valley of Jehoshaphat" may therefore be simply regarded as a general term for the theatre of God's final judgments on the enemies of Israel. This valley has from ancient times been used by the Jews as a burial-ground. It is all over paved with flat stones as tombstones, bearing on them Hebrew inscriptions.

Valley of Jehoshaphat in Naves Topical Bible 1. David's recorder 2Sa 8:16; 20:24; 1Ki 4:3; 1Ch 18:15 -2. One of Solomon's commissariat officers 1Ki 4:17 -3. King of Judah Succeeds Asa 1Ki 15:24; 22:41; 1Ch 3:10; 2Ch 17:1; Mt 1:8 Strengthens himself against Israel 2Ch 17:2 Inaugurates a system of public instruction in the law 2Ch 17:7-9 His wise reign 1Ki 22:43; 2Ch 17:7-9; 19:3-11 His system of taxation 2Ch 17:11 His military forces and armaments 2Ch 17:12-19 Joins Ahab in an invasion of Ramoth-gilead 1Ki 22; 2Ch 18 Rebuked by the prophet Jehu 2Ch 19:2 The allied forces of the Amorites, Moabites, and other tribes invade his territory, and are defeated by 2Ch 20 Builds ships for commerce with Tarshish, ships are destroyed 1Ki 22:48,49; 2Ch 20:35-37 Joins Jehoram, king of Israel, in an invasion of the land of Moab, defeats the Moabites 2Ki 3 Makes valuable gifts to the temple 2Ki 12:18 Death of 1Ki 22:50; 2Ch 21:1 Religious zeal of 1Ki 22:43,46; 2Ch 17:1-9; 19; 20:1-32; 22:9 Prosperity of 1Ki 22:45,48 Bequests of, to his children 1Ch 21:2,3 -4. Father of Jehu 2Ki 9:2,14 -5. A priest who assisted in bringing the ark of the covenant from Obed-edom 1Ch 15:24 -6. A valley Called THE VALLEY OF DECISION Joe 3:2,12,14

Valley of Jehoshaphat in Smiths Bible Dictionary (whom Jehovah judges.) 1. King of Judah, son of Asa, succeeded to the throne B.C. 914, when he was 35 years old, and reigned 25 years. His history is to be found among the events recorded in 1Ki 15:24; 2Ki 8:16 or in a continuous narrative in 2Ch 17:1 ... 21:3 He was contemporary with Ahab, Ahaziah and Jehoram. He was one of the best, most pious and prosperous kings of Judah, the greatest since Solomon. At first he strengthened himself against Israel; but soon afterward the two Hebrew kings formed an alliance. In his own kingdom Jehoshaphat ever showed himself a zealous follower of the commandments of God: he tried to put down the high places and groves in which the people of Judah burnt incense, and sent the wisest Levites through the cities and towns to instruct the people in true morality and religion. Riches and honors increased around him. He received tribute from the Philistines and Arabians, and kept up a large standing army in Jerusalem. It was probably about the 16th year of his reign, B.C. 898, when he became Ahab's ally in the great battle of Ramoth-gilead, for which he was severely reproved by Jehu. 2Ch 19:2 He built at Ezion-geber, with the help of Ahaziah, a navy designed to go to Tarshish; but it was wrecked at Ezion-geber. Before the close of his reign he was engaged in two additional wars. He was miraculously delivered from a threatened attack of the people of Ammon, Moab and Seir. After this, perhaps, must be dated the war which Jehoshaphat, in conjunction with Jehoram king of Israel and the king of Edom, carried on against the rebellious king of Moab. 2Ki 3:1 ... In his declining years the administration of affairs was placed, probably B.C. 891, in the hands of his son Jehoram. 2. Son of Ahilud, who filled the office of recorder of annalist in the courts of David, 2Sa 8:16 etc., and Solomon. 1Ki 4:3 3. One of the priests in David's time. 1Ch 15:24 4. Son of Paruah; one of the twelve purveyors of King Solomon. 1Ki 4:17 5. Son of Nimshi and father of King Jehu. 2Ki 9:2,14

Valley of Jehoshaphat in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE (`emeq yehoshaphaT); the latter word means "Yahweh judgeth," and `emeq, "wide," "open valley"; Septuagint he koilas Iosaphat): The name is used in Joel 3:2,12 of the scene of Judgment: "Let the nations bestir themselves, and come up to the valley of Jehoshaphat; for there will I sit to judge all the nations round about" (Joel 3:12). "The valley of decision" (or "sharp judgment") is another name the prophet gives to this spot (Joel 3:14). Some have identified it with the valley (`emeq) of BERACAH (which see) of 2 Ch 20:26, where King Jehoshaphat obtained a great victory, but this is improbable. Since the 4th century AD the KIDRON (which see) valley has been named the Valley of Jehoshaphat. The tradition is now strongest among the Moslems who point out the exact scene of the Judgment; the Bridge As Sirat, dividing heaven and hell, is to stretch across this valley from the Charam area to the Mount of Olives. It is, however, the ambition of every pious Jew to be buried on the slopes of this valley, to be at hand at the resurrection. This, too, was an ordinary place for Jewish graves in preexilic times (2 Ki 23:6, etc.). The valley today, especially that part adjacent to the temple, is crowded with Moslem and Jewish graves. A worthless tradition indicates the tomb of Jehoshaphat himself close to the so-called "Pillar of Absalom." Se KING'S VALE. There is not the slightest reason for believing that this is the spot referred to by Joel--indeed he may have spoken of an ideal spot only. The valley of the Kidron is a nachal ("ravine"), not an `emeq ("broad valley"). It is impos sible not to suspect that there is some connection between the name Jehoshaphat and the name of a village near the head of this valley--Shaphat; perhaps at one time it was Wady Shaphat, which name would readily suggest the traditional one.

Valley of Jehoshaphat Scripture - Joel 3:12 Let the heathen be wakened, and come up to the valley of Jehoshaphat: for there will I sit to judge all the heathen round about.

Valley of Jehoshaphat Scripture - Joel 3:2 I will also gather all nations, and will bring them down into the valley of Jehoshaphat, and will plead with them there for my people and [for] my heritage Israel, whom they have scattered among the nations, and parted my land.

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