Bible Cities: Mount Hor
Mount Hor in the Bible
Mount Hor in Easton's Bible Dictionary
mountain. (1.) One of the mountains of the chain of Seir or
Edom, on the confines of Idumea (Num. 20:22-29;
33:37). It was
one of the stations of the Israelites in the
which they reached in the circuitous route they were
take because the Edomites refused them a passage
territory. It was during the encampment here that
(Num. 33:37-41). (See AARON -T0000002.) The
this mountain several times in their wanderings. It
modern name of Jebel Harun, and is the highest and
conspicious of the whole range. It stands about
the Dead Sea and the Elanitic gulf. It has two
summits, in the
hallow between which it is supposed that Aaron died.
however, suppose that this mountain is the modern
on the opposite, i.e., the western, side of the
(2.) One of the marks of the northern boundary of
(Num. 34:7, 8). Nowhere else mentioned. Perhaps it
is one of the
peaks of Lebanon.
Mount Hor in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
1. The mount in which Aaron died (Numbers 20:22-23; Numbers
20:25-28). An archaic form of har, "mountain." The only
instance in which the proper name comes first, "Hor the
mountain," the mount upon the mountain. It "rises like a
huge castellated building from a lower base" (Stanley, Sinai
and Israel, 86). Now Jebel Harun" by the coast (or
'edge') of the land of Edom" (Numbers 33:37-38). On the E.
side of the Arabah, close to Petra. The white chalk summit
rises on a dark red sandstone bore rock, 5,300 feet above
the Mediterranean. On the northernmost of its two summits is
shown a square building with dome, called the tomb of Aaron.
A flight of steps cut in the rock leads up a precipice to
it. The roof is decorated with ostrich shells and such like
It is an ordinary Moslem weh; over the door is an
inscription stating that the building was restored by Es
Shimani, son of Mohammed Calain, sultan of Egypt, by his
father's orders, in the year 739 of the Hegira; square
almost, 28 ft. by 33 ft., having two chambers one above the
other. The host encamped in the Arabah below at Moseroth
(Numbers 33:30), or Mosera (Deuteronomy 10:6). (See AARON.)
His death resembled Moses' in being on a mountain, but
differed from it in being in the presence of Moses and
Eleazar on the mount to which they ascended "in the sight of
all the congregation." Moses' death was in solitude, but
with Gilead's heights, and Benjamin's hills, and the rich
Jordan valley in view; whereas Aaron's last looks rested on
rugged Edom, and chalky mount Seir, and the red sandstone
rocks round Petra, and the dreary Arabah.
2. The name Hor is applied to the whole western
crest of Lebanon, 80 miles long from the E. of Sidon to the
entering in of Hamath (Kalat el Husn close to Hums, i.e.
ancient Hamath); the northern boundary appointed to Israel
Mount Hor in Hitchcock's Bible Names
Mount Hor in Naves Topical Bible
The mountain upon which Aaron died
Nu 20:22-29; 21:4; 33:38,39; 34:7,8; De 32:50
Mount Hor in Smiths Bible Dictionary
1. The mountain on which Aaron died. Nu 20:25,27 It
was "on the boundary line," Nu 20:23 or "at the edge," ch.
Nu 33:37 of the land of Edom. It was the halting-place of
the people next after Kadesh, ch. Nu 20:22; 33:37 and they
quitted it for Zalmonah, ch. Nu 33:41 in the road to the Red
Sea. ch. Nu 21:4 It was during the encampment at Kadesh that
Aaron was gathered to his fathers. Mount Hor is situated on
the eastern side of the great valley of the Arabah, the
highest and most conspicuous of the whole range of the
sandstone mountains of Edom, having close beneath it on its:
eastern side the mysterious; city of Petra. It is now the
Jebel Nebi-Harim "the mountain of the prophet Aaron." Its
height is 4800 feet above the Mediterranean; that is to say,
about 1700 feet above the town of Petra, 4800 above the
level of the Arabah, and more than 6000 above the Dead Sea.
The mountain is marked far and near by its double top, which
rises like a huge castellated building from a lower base,
and is surmounted by a circular dome of the tomb of Aaron, a
distinct white spot on the dark red surface of the mountain.
The chief interest of Mount Hor consists in the prospect
from its summit, the last view of Aaron --that view which
was to him what Pisgah was to his brother.
2. A mountain, entirely distinct from the preceding,
named in Nu 34:7,8 only, as one of the marks of the northern
boundary of the land which the children of Israel were about
to conquer. This Mount Hor is the great chain of Lebanon
Mount Hor in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
hor (hor ha-har; literally, "Hor, the mountain"):
1. Not Jebel Neby Harun:
(1) a tradition identifying this mountain with Jebel Neby
Harun may be traced from the time of Josephus (Ant., IV, iv,
7) downward. Eusebius, Onomasticon (s.v. Hor) favors this
identification, which has been accepted by many travelers
and scholars. In HDB, while noting the fact that it has been
questioned, Professor Hull devotes all the space at his
disposal to a description of Jebel Neby Harun. It is now
recognized, however, that this identification is impossible.
Niebuhr (Reise nach Arabic, 238), Pocoke (Description of the
East, I, 157), Robinson (BR, I, 185), Ewald (Hist. of
Israel, II, 201, note), and others had pointed out
difficulties in the way, but the careful discussion of Dr.
H. Clay Trumbull (Kadesh Barnea, 127 ff) finally disposed of
the claims of Jebel Neby Harun.
2. Suggested Identification:
From Nu 20:22; 33:37 we may perhaps infer that Mt. Hor, "in
the edge of the land of Edom," was about a day's journey
from Kadesh. The name "Hor the mountain" suggests a
prominent feature of the landscape. Aaron was buried there
(Nu 20:28; Dt 32:50). It was therefore not in Mt. Seir (Dt
2:5), of which not even a foot-breadth was given to Israel.
Jebel Neby Harun is certainly a prominent feature of the
landscape, towering over the tumbled hills that form the
western edges of the Edom plateau to a height of 4,800 ft.
But it is much more than a day's journey from Kadesh, while
it is well within the boundary of Mt. Seir. The king of Arad
was alarmed at the march to Mt. Hor. Had Israel marched
toward Jebel Neby Harun, away to the Southeast, it could
have caused him no anxiety, as he dwelt in the north.
3. Jebel Maderah:
This points to some eminence to the North or Northeast of
Kadesh. A hill meeting sufficiently all these conditions is
Jebel Maderah (see HALAK, MOUNT), which rises to the
Northeast of `Ain qadis (Kadeshbarnea). It stands at the
extreme Northwest boundary of the land of Edom, yet not
within that boundary. Above the barrenness of the
surrounding plain this "large, singular-looking, isolated
chalk hill" rises "alone like a lofty citadel," "steep-
sided" and "quite naked." Here the solemn transactions
described in Nu 20:22 ff could have been carried out
literally, "in the sight of all the congregation." While
certainty is impossible, no more likely suggestion has been
(2) A mountain named only in Nu 34:7 f as on the North
boundary of the land of Israel. No success has attended the
various attempts made to identify this particular height.
Some would make it Mt. Hermon (Hull, HDB, under the word);
others Jebel Akkar, an outrunner on the Northeast of Lebanon
(Furrer, ZDPV, VIII, 27), and others the mountain at the
"knee of" Nahr el-Qasimiyeh (van Kasteren, Rev. Biblical,
1895, 30 f). In Ezek 47:15 ha-derekh, should certainly be
amended to chadhrakh, a proper name, instead of "the way."
Possibly then Mt. Hor should disappear from Nu 34:7 f, and
we should read, with slight emendation, "From the great sea
ye shall draw a line for you as far as Hadrach, and from
Mount Hor Scripture - Deuteronomy 32:50
And die in the mount whither thou goest up, and be gathered
unto thy people; as Aaron thy brother died in mount Hor, and
was gathered unto his people:
Mount Hor Scripture - Numbers 20:22
And the children of Israel, [even] the whole congregation,
journeyed from Kadesh, and came unto mount Hor.
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