: GomorrahAncient Gomorrah
Gomorrah in Easton's Bible Dictionary
submersion, one of the five cities of the plain of Siddim
which were destroyed by fire (Gen. 10:19; 13:10;
These cities probably stood close together, and were
northern extremity of what is now the Dead Sea. This
always mentioned next after Sodom, both of which were
impiety and wickedness (Gen. 18:20; Rom. 9:29). Their
destruction is mentioned as an "ensample unto those
should live ungodly" (2 Pet. 2:6; Jude 1:4-7). Their
became proverbial (Deut. 32:32; Isa. 1:9, 10; Jer.
that wickedness may be exceeded (Matt. 10:15; Mark
DEAD SEA -T0000991).
Gomorrah in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Traces of the catastrophe recorded in Genesis 19 are visible
in the whole region about the Dead, or as Scripture calls
it, the Salt Sea. frontSALT SEA.) . Volcanic agency and
earthquake, accompanying the fire shower, may have produced
the deep depression of the sea, and so arrested the Jordan's
original onward course through the Arabah into the gulf of
Akabah. The northern end of the lake is 1,300 ft. deep, the
southern only 13 ft. below the surface. The southern
division or bay of the sea most probably was formed at a
late date. It abounds with salt, throws up bitumen, sulphur,
and nitre on its shores. This answers to the vale of Siddim,
"full of slime pits" (Genesis 14:10); and it accords with
the destruction of the four cities of the plain by fire and
brimstone, and with the turning of Lot's wife into a pillar
Scripture does not say the cities were immersed in
the sea, but that they were destroyed by fire from heaven
(Deuteronomy 29:23; Jeremiah 49:18; Jeremiah 50:40;
Zephaniah 2:9; 2 Peter 2:6; Judges 1:4-7, "an example unto
those that after should live ungodly"; Amos 4:11). So
Josephus, B. J., 4:8, section 4. The traditional names of
Usdum, and site of Zoar, the hill of salt, said to have been
Lot's wife, favor the view that the cities lay either in or
around the present southern bay. Grove argues for the
northern site that Abram and Lot near Bethel could not have
seen the southern valleys (Genesis 13:10) but could see the
northern, and that what they saw was "the Ciccar of the
Jordan," whereas Jordan flowed into the northern end of the
Dead Sea but not into the southern.
But Genesis 13 probably means only that Lot, seeing
the Jordan N. of the Dead Sea, and knowing the whole valley
N. and S. to be well watered, chose it. Moreover, the
catastrophes palpable to sight all round the southern end
imply that the Jordan once flowed to the S. of that sea.
Gomorrah means submersion; Arabic ghamara, to "overwhelm
with water." Gomorrah was one of the five cities of the vale
of Siddim whose forces were routed by Chedorlaomer, until
Abram helped them. Zoar or Bela alone of the five, at Lot's
request, escaped destruction by the fire from the Lord.
Jerusalem when corrupted (for "the corruption of the best is
the worst of all corruptions") is termed Sodom and her
people Gomer (Isaiah 1:9-10); as the church apostate
corrupted is termed "Babylon" (Revelation 17).
Worse still are they who see Christ's "mighty works"
yet "repent not," and who receive not the apostles' teaching
(Matthew 10:15; Mark 6:11). The profound depression of the
plain of Gomorrah, the deepest on the earth, and its
stagnant tropical air, answered to its sunken morals.
DeSaulcy thinks that in Usdum and Um Zoghal traces of Sodom
exist; and in Ain Feshkah (Goumran, Arabic) on the N.W.
traces of Gomorrah. Rather in wady Amrah is to be sought a
connection with Gomorrah. Tristram objects to the southern
site for Sodom and Gomorrah that Chedorlaomer marching from
mount Seir to Hazezon Tamar (Engedi) afterward meets the
king of Sodom in the vale of Siddim, which therefore in the
order ought to be rather at the northern end of the Dead
Also Moses saw Zoar from mount Nebo (Deuteronomy
34:3), which he could not had it been at the S.E. of Dead
Sea. He thinks that the southern bed of the sea was formerly
deeper than now, and that it was raised by deposits brought
from the Arabah. Lightning probably kindled the masses of
sulphurous bitumen abounding around. Combining with an
earthquake, the storm cast showers of ignited bitumen on the
cities, so that "the smoke of the country" was "as the smoke
of a furnace," as beheld by Abraham. God often uses natural
means in His most supernatural interventions.
Gomorrah in Hitchcock's Bible Names
Gomorrah in Naves Topical Bible
One of the "cities of the plain,"
Ge 10:19; 13:10
-Its king defeated by Chedorlaomer
Ge 19:24-28; De 29:23; 32:32; Isa 1:9,10; 13:19; Jer
49:18; 50:40; Am 4:11; Zep 2:9; Mt 10:15; Mr 6:11; Ro
2Pe 2:6; Jude 1:7
Gomorrah in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(submersion), one of the five "cities of the plain" or "vale
of Siddim" that under the irrespective kings joined battle
there with Chedorlaomer Ge 14:2-8 and his allies by whom they
were discomfited till Abraham came to the rescue. Four out of
the five were afterwards destroyed by the Lord with fire from
heaven. Ge 19:23-29 One of them only, Zoar (or Bela; which was
its original name), was spared at the request of Lot, in order
that he might take refuge there. The geographical position of
these cities is discussed under SODOM.
Gomorrah in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
go-mor'-a (`amorah; Septuagint and New Testament Gomorra, or
Gomorra; Arabic Ghamara, "to overwhelm with water"): One of
the CITIES OF THE PLAIN (which see) destroyed by fire from
heaven in the time of Abraham and Lot (Gen 19:23-29). It was
located probably in the plain South of the Dead Sea, now
covered with water. See ARABAH; CITIES OF THE PLAIN; DEAD SEA.
De Saulcy, however, with others who place the Cities of the
Plain at the North end of the Dead Sea, fixes upon Khumran (or
Gumran), marked on the Survey Map of Israel North of Ras
Feshkeh, where there are ruins about a mile from the Dead Sea.
But there is nothing to support this view except the faint
resemblance of the name and the inconclusive arguments placing
the Cities of the Plain at that end of the sea.
Gomorrah Scripture - Deuteronomy 29:23
[And that] the whole land thereof [is] brimstone, and salt,
[and] burning, [that] it is not sown, nor beareth, nor any
grass groweth therein, like the overthrow of Sodom, and
Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboim, which the LORD overthrew in his
anger, and in his wrath:
Gomorrah Scripture - Deuteronomy 32:32
For their vine [is] of the vine of Sodom, and of the fields of
Gomorrah: their grapes [are] grapes of gall, their clusters
Gomorrah Scripture - Genesis 10:19
And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou
comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest, unto Sodom, and
Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha.
Gomorrah Scripture - Genesis 13:10
And Lot lifted up his eyes, and beheld all the plain of
Jordan, that it [was] well watered every where, before the
LORD destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, [even] as the garden of the
LORD, like the land of Egypt, as thou comest unto Zoar.
Gomorrah Scripture - Genesis 14:10
And the vale of Siddim [was full of] slimepits; and the kings
of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and fell there; and they that
remained fled to the mountain.
Gomorrah Scripture - Genesis 14:2
[That these] made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha
king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemeber king of
Zeboiim, and the king of Bela, which is Zoar.
Gomorrah Scripture - Genesis 14:8
And there went out the king of Sodom, and the king of
Gomorrah, and the king of Admah, and the king of Zeboiim, and
the king of Bela (the same [is] Zoar;) and they joined battle
with them in the vale of Siddim;
Gomorrah Scripture - Genesis 19:28
And he looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and toward all the
land of the plain, and beheld, and, lo, the smoke of the
country went up as the smoke of a furnace.
Gomorrah Scripture - Jeremiah 23:14
I have seen also in the prophets of Jerusalem an horrible
thing: they commit adultery, and walk in lies: they strengthen
also the hands of evildoers, that none doth return from his
wickedness: they are all of them unto me as Sodom, and the
inhabitants thereof as Gomorrah.
Gomorrah Scripture - Zephaniah 2:9
Therefore [as] I live, saith the LORD of hosts, the God of
Israel, Surely Moab shall be as Sodom, and the children of
Ammon as Gomorrah, [even] the breeding of nettles, and
saltpits, and a perpetual desolation: the residue of my people
shall spoil them, and the remnant of my people shall possess