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    August 11    Scripture

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    Ancient En-Gedi - Map of New Testament Israel EN-GE`DI (fountain of the goat), A town of Judah on the western shore of the Dead Sea, Josh 15:62 ; Ezek. 47:10. Originally called Hazazon Tamar on account of its palm- groves, 2 Chron. 20:2 ; Ecclus. 24:14. It is identified by the fountain of Ain Jidy, on an elevation some four hundred feet above the sea, Gen. 14:7 ; 1 Sam. 24:1-4. Its vineyards were celebrated by Solomon, Song of Sol. 1:14

    En Gedi in Easton's Bible Dictionary fountain of the kid, place in the wilderness of Judah (Josh. 15:62), on the western shore of the Dead Sea (Ezek. 47:10), and nearly equidistant from both extremities. To the wilderness near this town David fled for fear of Saul (Josh. 15:62; 1 Sam. 23:29). It was at first called Hazezon-tamar (Gen. 14:7), a city of the Amorites. The vineyards of Engedi were celebrated in Solomon's time (Cant. 1:4). It is the modern 'Ain Jidy. The "fountain" from which it derives its name rises on the mountain side about 600 feet above the sea, and in its rapid descent spreads luxuriance all around it. Along its banks the osher grows abundantly. That shrub is thus described by Porter: "The stem is stout, measuring sometimes nearly a foot in diameter, and the plant grows to the height of 15 feet or more. It has a grayish bark and long oval leaves, which when broken off discharge a milky fluid. The fruit resembles an apple, and hangs in clusters of two or three. When ripe it is of a rich yellow colour, but on being pressed it explodes like a puff-ball. It is chiefly filled with air...This is the so-called 'apple of Sodom.'" Through Samaria, etc. (See APPLE -T0000273.)

    En Gedi in Fausset's Bible Dictionary ("fountain of the kid or goat".) A town W. of the Dead Sea (Ezekiel 47:10), in the wilderness of Judah (Joshua 15:62). "The wilderness of Engedi" is explained as" the rocks of the wild goats" (1 Samuel 24:4). Abounding in caves on the road to Jerusalem where David found Saul. Originally Hazazon Tamar, "the felling of the palm," palm groves being then around though now none remain (2 Chronicles 20:2). About the middle of the western side of the sea. The fountain Ain Jidy is about 500 ft. above the plain and Dead Sea, and 1500 ft. below the top of the cliffs, bursting from the limestone rock down the deep descent amidst banks of acacia, mimosa, and lotus. The temperature at the spring head on a cool day Conder found 83 Fahr. (Israel Exploration, August, 1875.) When full it crosses the plain direct to the sea; but most of the year it is absorbed in the dry soil. The four kings of whom Chedorlaomer was chief attacked the Amorites here, and were in turn attacked by the five kings of Canaan in the adjoining vale of Siddim. The route of the Moabites and Ammonites invading Jehoshaphat was by Engedi, and still the marauding hordes from Moab pass round the S. of the Dead Sea along the western shore to Ain Jidy, and then westward wherever hope of plunder presents itself. The Song of Solomon (Song of Solomon 1:14) celebrates Engedi's vineyards and clusters of "camphire," i.e. hennah flowers, white and yellow softly blended, wherewith Jewish maidens decked themselves.

    En Gedi in Hitchcock's Bible Names eye

    En Gedi in Naves Topical Bible Called HAZEZON-TAMAR -A city allotted to the tribe of Judah Jos 15:62 -Built by the Amorites Ge 14:7; 2Ch 20:2 -Famous for its vineyards So 1:14 -Wilderness of, in the vicinity of the Dead Sea -David uses as a stronghold 1Sa 23:29; 24 -Cave of 1Sa 24:3

    En Gedi in Smiths Bible Dictionary (fount of the kid), a town in the wilderness of Judah, Jos 15:62 on the western shore of the Dead Sea. Eze 47:10 Its original name was Hazezon-tamar, on account of the palm groves which surrounded it. 2Ch 20:2 Its site is about the middle of the western shore of the lake, at the fountain of Ain Jidy, from which the place gets its name. It was immediately after an assault upon the "Amorites that dwelt in Hazezon-tamar," that the five Mesopotamian kings were attacked by the rulers of the plain of Sodom. Ge 14:7 comp. 2Chr 20:2 Saul was told that David was in the "wilderness of Engedi;" and he took "three thousand men, and went to seek David and his men upon the rocks of the wild goats." 1Sa 24:1- 4 The vineyards of Engedi were celebrated by Solomon. So 1:14

    En Gedi in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE en'-ge-di, en-ge'-di (`en gedhi, "fountain of the kid"): Identical with the present Ain Jidi. According to 2 Ch 20:2 it is the same as Hazazon-tamar, mentioned in Gen 14:7 as occupied by the Amorites and as having been attacked by Chedorlaomer after leaving Kadesh and El Paran on his way to the Vale of Siddim. The place is situated upon the West shore of the Dead Sea about midway between the North and the South ends, and was included in the territory of Judah (Josh 15:62). The spot is rendered attractive by the verdure clothing it by reason of immense fountains of warm water, 80 degrees F., which pour out from beneath the limestone cliffs. In the time of Solomon (Song 1:14) palms and vines were cultivated here. Josephus also mentions its beautiful palm groves. In the time of Eusebius it was still a place of importance, but since the Middle Ages it has been almost deserted, being occupied now only by a few Arabs. The oasis occupies a small area a few hundred feet above the Dead Sea marked by the 650 ft. sedimentary terrace heretofore described (see DEAD SEA). The limestone borders rise so abruptly to a height of 2,000 ft. immediately on the West, that the place can be approached only by a rock-cut path. Two streams, Wady Sugeir and Wady el-Areyeh, descend on either side through precipitous rocky gorges from the uninhabitable wilderness separating it from Bethlehem and Hebron. It was in the caves opening out from the sides of these gorges that David took refuge from Saul (1 Sam 24:1). During the reign of Jehoshaphat (2 Ch 20:2), the children of Ammon, Moab and Mt. Seir attempted to invade Judah by way of En-gedi, but were easily defeated as they came up from the gorges to occupy the advantageous field of battle chosen by Jehoshaphat.

    En Gedi Scripture - 1 Samuel 23:29 And David went up from thence, and dwelt in strong holds at Engedi.

    En Gedi Scripture - 1 Samuel 24:1 And it came to pass, when Saul was returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, Behold, David [is] in the wilderness of Engedi.

    En Gedi Scripture - 2 Chronicles 20:2 Then there came some that told Jehoshaphat, saying, There cometh a great multitude against thee from beyond the sea on this side Syria; and, behold, they [be] in Hazazontamar, which [is] Engedi.

    En Gedi Scripture - Ezekiel 47:10 And it shall come to pass, [that] the fishers shall stand upon it from Engedi even unto Eneglaim; they shall be a [place] to spread forth nets; their fish shall be according to their kinds, as the fish of the great sea, exceeding many.

    En Gedi Scripture - Joshua 15:62 And Nibshan, and the city of Salt, and Engedi; six cities with their villages.

    En Gedi Scripture - Song of Solomon 1:14 My beloved [is] unto me [as] a cluster of camphire in the vineyards of Engedi.