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Bible Cities : Ashdod

Ashdod in Easton's Bible Dictionary stronghold, a Philistine city (Josh. 15:47), about midway between Gaza and Joppa, and 3 miles from the Mediterranean. It was one of the chief seats of the worship of Dagon (1 Sam. 5:5). It belonged to the tribe of Judah (Josh. 15:47), but it never came into their actual possession. It was an important city, as it stood on the highroad from Egypt to Israel, and hence was strongly fortified (2 Chr. 26:6; Isa. 20:1). Uzziah took it, but fifty years after his death it was taken by the Assyrians (B.C. 758). According to Sargon's record, it was captured by him in B.C. 711. The only reference to it in the New Testament, where it is called Azotus, is in the account of Philip's return from Gaza (Acts 8:40). It is now called Eshdud.

Ashdod in Fausset's Bible Dictionary ASHDOD or AZOTUS. ("fortress".) Now Esdud. On a commanding height. One of the five confederate Philistine cities, 30 miles from the S. of Israel, three from the Mediterranean, midway between Gaza and Joppa. A seat of the worship of (See DAGON; there the idol fell before God's captive ark, the head and palms cut off, and only the fishy stump (margin) left (1 Samuel 5:3-8). Ashdod had been originally assigned to Judah (Joshua 15:47), but never occupied by the Jews, nay, made a point of attack on them: not until King Uzziah was its "wall broken down and cities built about it," i.e. forts on the surrounding hills (2 Chronicles 26:6). In Nehemiah's time Ashdod still retained its distinctive language and race, and ensnared by marriages the Jews returned from Babylon, after vainly striving to prevent the walls of Jerusalem being built (Nehemiah 4:7-8; Nehemiah 13:23-24). It was the key of entrance between Israel and Egypt. As such, it was besieged by the Assyrian general Tartan under Sargon (716 B.C.), to counteract Hezekiah's league with Egypt (Isaiah 20:1). So strongly did the Assyrians fortify it that it stood a 29 years' siege (the longest on record) under the Egyptian Psammeticus, who took it 630 B.C. These calamities were foretold Jeremiah 25:20; Amos 1:8; Zephaniah 2:4; Zechariah 9:5-6, "a bastard shall dwell in Asdod," i.e. an alien; perhaps referring to an Arabian occupation of it during the Babylonian exile. Compare Nehemiah 4:7; Nehemiah 13:24. Destroyed by the Maccabees. Restored by the Roman Gabinius 55 B.C. Assigned to Salome by Augustus. Visited by Philip the evangelist, who preached there on his way from Gaza to Caesarea (Acts 8:40). A bishop from it was present at the councils of Nice and Chalcedon.

Ashdod in Hitchcock's Bible Names effusion; inclination; theft

Ashdod in Naves Topical Bible A city of the Philistines Jos 13:3; 1Sa 6:17; Am 3:9 -Anakim inhabit Jos 11:22 -Assigned to Judah Jos 15:47 -Dagon's temple in, where the ark of the covenant was put temporarily 1Sa 5 -Conquest of, by Uzziah 2Ch 26:6 -Conquest by Tartan Isa 20:1 -People of, conspire against the Jews Ne 4:7,8 -Jews intermarry with Ne 13:23,24 -Prophecies concerning Jer 25:20; Am 1:8; 9; Zep 2:4; Zec 9:6 -Called AZOTUS Ac 8:40

Ashdod in Smiths Bible Dictionary (a stronghold), Ac 8:40 one of the five confederate cities of the Philistines situated about 30 miles from the southern frontier of Israel, three from the Mediterranean Sea, and nearly midway between Gaza and Joppa. It was assigned to the tribe of Judah, Jos 15:47 but was never subdued by the Israelites. Its chief importance arose from its position on the high road from Israel to Egypt. It is now an insignificant village, with no memorials of its ancient importance, but is still called Esdud.

Ashdod in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE ash'-dod ('ashdodh; Azotos; modern Esdud): One of the five chief cities of the Philistines. The name means stronghold or fortress, and its strength may be inferred by the fact that Psammetik I, of Egypt, besieged it for many years (Herodotus says 29). Some of the Anakim were found there in the days of Joshua (Josh 11:22), and the inhabitants were too strong for the Israelites at that time. It was among the towns assigned to Judah, but was not occupied by her (Josh 13:3; 15:46,47). It was still independent in the days of Samuel, when, after the defeat of the Israelites, the ark was taken to the house of Dagon in Ashdod (1 Sam 5:1,2). We have no account of its being occupied even by David, although he defeated the Philistines many times, and we have no definite knowledge of its coming into the hands of Judah until the time of Uzziah (2 Ch 26:6). Ashdod, like the other Philistine towns, came under the authority of the Assyrian monarchs, and we have mention of it in their records. It revolted against Sargon in 711 BC, and deposed the Assyrian governor, Akhimiti, who had been appointed by him in 720. Sargon at once dispatched a force to subdue the rebels and the city was severely punished. This is referred to by Isaiah (Isa 20:1). Amos had prophesied such a calamity some years before (1:8), and Jeremiah refers to "the remnant of Ashdod" as though it had continued weak until his day (Jer 25:20). Zephaniah (Zeph 2:4) refers to the desolation of Ashdod and Zechariah to its degraded condition (Zec 9:6). It continued to be inhabited, however, for we find the Jews intermarried with them after the return from Babylon (Neh 13:23,24). In the Maccabean period we are told that Judas and Jonathan both took it and purified it of idolatry (1 Macc 5:68; 10:84). In these passages it is called Azotus, as it is also in the New Testament (Acts 8:40). In the 4th century AD it became the seat of a bishopric. It had been restored in the time of Herod, by the Roman general Gabinius, and was presented to Salome, the sister of Herod, by the emperor Augustus. It is now a small village about 18 miles Northeast of Gaza.

Ashdod Scripture - 1 Samuel 5:1 And the Philistines took the ark of God, and brought it from Ebenezer unto Ashdod.

Ashdod Scripture - 1 Samuel 5:3 And when they of Ashdod arose early on the morrow, behold, Dagon [was] fallen upon his face to the earth before the ark of the LORD. And they took Dagon, and set him in his place again.

Ashdod Scripture - 1 Samuel 5:5 Therefore neither the priests of Dagon, nor any that come into Dagon's house, tread on the threshold of Dagon in Ashdod unto this day.

Ashdod Scripture - 1 Samuel 5:6 But the hand of the LORD was heavy upon them of Ashdod, and he destroyed them, and smote them with emerods, [even] Ashdod and the coasts thereof.

Ashdod Scripture - 1 Samuel 5:7 And when the men of Ashdod saw that [it was] so, they said, The ark of the God of Israel shall not abide with us: for his hand is sore upon us, and upon Dagon our god.

Ashdod Scripture - 1 Samuel 6:17 And these [are] the golden emerods which the Philistines returned [for] a trespass offering unto the LORD; for Ashdod one, for Gaza one, for Askelon one, for Gath one, for Ekron one;

Ashdod Scripture - 2 Chronicles 26:6 And he went forth and warred against the Philistines, and brake down the wall of Gath, and the wall of Jabneh, and the wall of Ashdod, and built cities about Ashdod, and among the Philistines.

Ashdod Scripture - Amos 1:8 And I will cut off the inhabitant from Ashdod, and him that holdeth the sceptre from Ashkelon, and I will turn mine hand against Ekron: and the remnant of the Philistines shall perish, saith the Lord GOD.

Ashdod Scripture - Amos 3:9 Publish in the palaces at Ashdod, and in the palaces in the land of Egypt, and say, Assemble yourselves upon the mountains of Samaria, and behold the great tumults in the midst thereof, and the oppressed in the midst thereof.

Ashdod Scripture - Isaiah 20:1 In the year that Tartan came unto Ashdod, (when Sargon the king of Assyria sent him,) and fought against Ashdod, and took it;

Ashdod Scripture - Jeremiah 25:20 - And all the mingled people, and all the kings of the land of Uz, and all the kings of the land of the Philistines, and Ashkelon, and Azzah, and Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod,

Ashdod Scripture - Joshua 11:22 There was none of the Anakims left in the land of the children of Israel: only in Gaza, in Gath, and in Ashdod, there remained.

Ashdod Scripture - Joshua 15:46 From Ekron even unto the sea, all that [lay] near Ashdod, with their villages:

Ashdod Scripture - Joshua 15:47 Ashdod with her towns and her villages, Gaza with her towns and her villages, unto the river of Egypt, and the great sea, and the border [thereof]:

Ashdod Scripture - Nehemiah 13:23 In those days also saw I Jews [that] had married wives of Ashdod, of Ammon, [and] of Moab:

Ashdod Scripture - Nehemiah 13:24 And their children spake half in the speech of Ashdod, and could not speak in the Jews' language, but according to the language of each people.

Ashdod Scripture - Zechariah 9:6 And a bastard shall dwell in Ashdod, and I will cut off the pride of the Philistines.

Ashdod Scripture - Zephaniah 2:4 For Gaza shall be forsaken, and Ashkelon a desolation: they shall drive out Ashdod at the noon day, and Ekron shall be rooted up.