Bible Cities: Arabah The Arabah was a desert region within the land of Israel, which usually referred to the whole valley between Mount Hermon in the North to the Red Sea in the south. The Arabah was about 240 miles long and 25 miles wide, and included the Sea of Galilee, the Jordan River Valley, the Dead Sea, and the whole area between the Dead Sea and the Red Sea.
Arabah in Easton's Bible Dictionary
plain, in the Revised Version of 2 Kings 14:25; Josh. 3:16;
8:14; 2 Sam. 2:29; 4:7 (in all these passages the A.V.
"plain"); Amos 6:14 (A.V. "wilderness"). This word is
the Authorized Version only in Josh. 18:18. It denotes
hollow depression through which the Jordan flows from
of Galilee to the Dead Sea. It is now called by the
el-Ghor. But the Ghor is sometimes spoken of as
miles south of the Dead Sea, and thence to the Gulf of
the Red Sea is called the Wady el-Arabah.
Arabah in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
(Joshua 18:18) ("the plain", is akin to "Arabia".) The
article in Hebrew marks it as some definite spot, namely,
the deep sunken gorge extending from mount Hermon to the
Elanitic gulf of the Red Sea; the most extraordinary
depression on the earth. The Jordan rushes for 150 miles
through its northern part (el Ghor) by lakes Huleh and
Gennesareth, to the deep abyss of the Dead Sea. The Ghor
extends to precipitous cliffs, 10 miles S. of the Dead Sea.
Thence to the gulf of Akaba it resumes its old name, wady el
Arabah. In Joshua 11:16; Joshua 12:8, the Arabah takes its
place among the natural divisions of the country, and in
Deuteronomy 3:17 in connection with the sea of Chinnereth
(Gennesareth) and the Dead Sea.
In the plural it is connected with either Jericho or
Moab; the Arabah being in Jericho's case W. of Jordan, in
Moab's case E. of Jordan, bore and parched as contrasted
with the rich fields of the upper level. The S. Arabah was
the scene of Israel's wanderings in the wilderness, N. of
which stood Hormah and Kadesh. They went down the Arabah
southwards (after Edom's refusal to let them pass), from
mount Hor, toward the head of the gulf, then up one of the
left wadies, by the back of mount Seir to Moab. Remains of a
Roman road are traceable along this route. From the absence
of the Jordan in S. Arabah circles of verdure are scarce,
such as are met in the Ghor. Its length is 100 miles, its
breadth narrowing from 14 at its broadest to about three
miles at its entrance into the gulf. The limestone ranges of
The in long white lines stand on the W. crowned with the
table land of "the wilderness of the wanderings" (et Tih),
and rise 1500 feet above the Arabah.
The pass En Nukb is that of the Mecca pilgrims,
between the Akabah and Suez mounts. The other pass, Es
Sufah, is probably...
Arabah in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(burnt up). Although this word appears in the Authorized
Version in its original shape only in Jos 18:18 yet in the
Hebrew text it is of frequent occurrence. It indicates more
particularly the deep-sunken valley or trench which forms the
most striking among the many striking natural features of
Israel, and which extends with great uniformity of
formation from the slopes of Hermon to the Elanitic Gulf (Gulf
of Akabah) of the Red Sea; the most remarkable depression
known to exist on the surface of the globe. Through the
northern portion of this extraordinary fissure the Jordan
rushes through the lakes of Huleh and Gennesaret down its
tortuous course to the deep chasm of the Dead Sea. This
portion, about 150 miles in length, is known amongst the Arabs
by the name of el-Ghor. The southern boundary of the (Ghor is
the wall of cliffs which crosses the valley about 10 miles
south of the Dead Sea. From their summits, southward to the
Gulf of Akabah, the valley changes its name, or, it would be
more accurate to say, retains old name of Wady el-Arabah.
Arabah in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
ar'-a-ba, a-ra'-ba ha-`arabhah, "the Arabah"): This word
indicates in general a barren district, but is specifically
applied in whole or in part to the depression of the Jordan
valley, extending from Mount Hermon to the Gulf of Akabah.
In the King James Version it is transliterated only once
(Josh 18:18) describing the border of Benjamin. Elsewhere it
is rendered "plain." But in the Revised Version (British and
American) it is everywhere transliterated. South of the Dead
Sea the name is still retained in Wady el-Arabah. In Dt 1:1;
2:8 (the King James Version "plain") the southern portion is
referred to; in Dt 3:17; 4:49; Josh 3:16; 11:2; 12:3 and 2
Ki 14:25 the name is closely connected with the Dead Sea and
the Sea of Chinnereth (Gennesaret). The allusions to the
Arabah in Dt 11:30; Josh 8:14; 12:1; 18:18; 2 Sam 2:29; 4:7;
2 Ki 25:4; Jer 39:4; 52:7 indicate that the word was
generally used in its most extended sense, while in Josh
11:16, and 12:8 it is represented as one of the great
natural divisions of the country.
The southern portion, which still retains the name of
Arabah, is included in the wilderness of Zin (Nu 34:3).
According to the survey of Lord Kitchener and George
Armstrong made in 1883, under the auspices of the Israel
Exploration Fund, its length from the head of the Gulf of
Akabah to the Dead Sea is 112 miles. The lowest point of the
watershed is 45 miles from Akabah, and 660 feet above tide
(1,952 above the Dead Sea). The average width of the valley
up to this point is about 6 miles, but here a series of low
limestone ridges (called Er Risheh) rising 150 feet above
the plain runs obliquely across it for a distance of 10
miles, narrowing it up to a breadth of about one-half mile.
North of this point, opposite Mount Hor, the valley widens
out to 13 miles and then gradually narrows to 6 miles at the
south end of the Dead Sea. At Ain Abu Werideh, 29 miles
north of the watershed, the valley is at the sea-level--
1,292 feet above that of the Dead Sea. North of the
watershed, the main line of drainage is the Wady el-Jeib,
which everywhere keeps pretty close to the west side of the
valley. At Ain Abu Werideh it is joined by numerous wadies
descending from the Edomite mountains on the east, which
altogether water an oasis of considerable extent, covered
with a thicket of young palms, tamarisks, willows and reeds.
Twenty-four miles farther north the Arabah breaks down
suddenly into the valley of the Dead Sea, ...