Adullam in Eastons Bible Dictionary
One of the royal cities of the Canaanites, now 'Aid-el-ma (Josh.
12:15; 15:35). It stood on the old Roman road in the valley of
Elah (q.v.), which was the scene of David's memorable victory
over Goliath (1 Sam. 17:2), and not far from Gath. It was one of
the towns which Rehoboam fortified against Egypt (2 Chr. 11:7).
It was called "the glory of Israel" (Micah 1:15).
The Cave of Adullam has been discovered about 2 miles south of
the scene of David's triumph, and about 13 miles west from
Bethlehem. At this place is a hill some 500 feet high pierced
with numerous caverns, in one of which David gathered together
"every one that was in distress, and every one that was in debt,
and every one that was discontented" (1 Sam. 22:2). Some of
these caverns are large enough to hold 200 or 300 men. According
to tradition this cave was at Wady Khureitun, between Bethlehem
and the Dead Sea, but this view cannot be well maintained.
Adullam in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
A city in the shephelah, or low country between the hill country of Judah and the sea; very ancient (Genesis 38:1; Genesis 38:12; Genesis 38:20); the seat of one of the 31 petty king smitten by Joshua (Joshua 12:15). Fortified by Rehoboam (2 Chronicles 11:7) Called for its beauty "the glory of Israel" (Micah 1:15). Reoccupied on the return from Bahyhm (Nehemiah 11:30). The limestone cliffs of the shephelah are pierced with caves, one of which was that of Adullam, David' s resort (1 Samuel 22:1; 2 Samuel 23:13; 1 Chronicles 11:15). Tradition fixes on Khureitun as the site, S. of the wady Urtas, between Bethlehem and the Dead Sea. This cave on the borders of the Dead Sea six miles S.E. of Bethlehem (his parents' residence) would be more likely as the place whence David took his parents to Moab close by, than the region of the city Adullam in the far West. Names of western places are sometimes repeated in the East. David's usual haunts were in this eastern region...
Adullam in Hitchcock's Bible Names
Their testimony; their prey; their ornament
ADULLAM in Naves Topical Bible
-1. A cave near the Dead Sea
David takes refuge in
1Sa 22:1; 2Sa 23:13; 1Ch 11:15
See titles of
Ps 57; 142
-2. An ancient city of Canaan
Ge 38:1; Jos 12:15; 15:35; 2Ch 11:7; Ne 11:30; Mic 1:15
Adullam in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(justice of the people), Apocr. ODOLLAM, a city of Judah int he lowland of the Shefelah,
Jos 15:35 the seat of a Canaanite king, Jos 12:15 and evidently a place of great antiquity. Ge 38:1,12,20 Fortified by Rehoboam, 2Ch 11:7 it was one of the towns reoccupied by the Jews after their return from Babylon, Ne 11:30 and still a city in the time of the Macabees. 2Ma 12:38
Adullam was probably near Deir Dubban, five or six miles north of Eleutheropolis. The limestone cliffs of the whole of that locality are pierced with extensive excavations, some one of which is doubtless the "cave of Adullam," the refuge of David. 1Sa 22:1; 2Sa 23:13; 1Ch 11:15
ADULLAM in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
(1) A city, with dependencies, and in ancient times having a king, mentioned five times in the Old Testament, each time in a list with other cities (Josh 12:15; 15:35; 2 Ch 11:7; Mic 1:15; Neh 11:30). In the list of 31 kings whom Joshua smote, Adullam follows Hormah, Arad, Libnah, and precedes Makkedah. Among the 14 Judahite cities of the first group in "the lowland" Adullam is mentioned between Jarmuth and Socoh. In the list of 15 cities fortified by Rehoboam it appears between Socoh and Gath. Micah gives what may be a list of cities concerned in some Assyrian approach to Jerusalem; it begins with Gath, includes Lachish, and ends with Mareshah and Adullam. And Adullam is still in the same company in the list in Nehemiah of the cities "and their villages" where the men of Judah then dwelt. In the time of the patriarchs it was a place to which men "went down" from the central mountain ridge (Gen 38:1). Judas Maccabeus found it still existing as a city (2 Macc 12:38). Common opinion identifies Adullam with the ruin `Aid-el-Ma, 13 miles West-Southwest from Bethlehem (see HGHL, 229 ff). This is in spite of the testimony of the Onomasticon, which, it is alleged, confuses Adullam with Eglon. Presumably the city gave its name to the cave of Adullam, the cave being near the city...
Adullam Scripture - 1 Chronicles 11:15
Now three of the thirty captains went down to the rock to David, into the cave of Adullam; and the host of the Philistines encamped in the valley of Rephaim.
Adullam Scripture - 1 Samuel 22:1
David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard [it], they went down thither to him.
Adullam Scripture - 2 Chronicles 11:7
And Bethzur, and Shoco, and Adullam,
Adullam Scripture - 2 Samuel 23:13
And three of the thirty chief went down, and came to David in the harvest time unto the cave of Adullam: and the troop of the Philistines pitched in the valley of Rephaim.
Adullam Scripture - Joshua 12:15
The king of Libnah, one; the king of Adullam, one;
Adullam Scripture - Joshua 15:35
Jarmuth, and Adullam, Socoh, and Azekah,
Adullam Scripture - Micah 1:15
Yet will I bring an heir unto thee, O inhabitant of Mareshah: he shall come unto Adullam the glory of Israel.
Adullam Scripture - Nehemiah 11:30
Zanoah, Adullam, and [in] their villages, at Lachish, and the fields thereof, at Azekah, and [in] the villages thereof. And they dwelt from Beersheba unto the valley of Hinnom.