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November 17    Scripture



Manners & Customs: Cornerstone
The cornerstone in ancient Biblical times

Cornerstone in Fausset's Bible Dictionary Binding together the sides of the building. Some of the temple ones are 19 ft. long and 7 1/2 thick. Compare Solomon's temple, 1 Kings 5:17; 1 Kings 7:9. Christ is the true grainer stone, laid by the Father in Zion, on whom the whole church rests (Isaiah 28:16). He is also "the head stone," or fifth crowning top grainer of the pyramid, in which the whole building meets and culminates (Zechariah 4:7). Compare Genesis 49:24; Psalm 118:22; Matthew 21:42; Romans 9:33-34; Ephesians 2:21.

Cornerstone in Naves Topical Bible General scriptures concerning Job 38:6 -See STONE -FIGURATIVE Ps 144:12 Of Christ Ps 118:22; Isa 28:16; Mt 21:42; Mr 12:10; Lu 20:17; Ac 4:11; 1Co 3:11; Eph 2:20; 1Pe 2:6

Cornerstone in Smiths Bible Dictionary a quoin or cornerstone, of great importance in binding together the sides of a building. The phrase "corner-stone" is sometimes used to denote any principal person, as the princes of Egypt, Isa 19:13 and is thus applied to our Lord. Isa 28:16; Mt 21:42; 1Pe 2:6,7

Cornerstone in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE kor'-ner ston (pinnah, zawith; akrogoniaios): Part of the public or imposing buildings, to which importance has been attached in all ages and in many nations, both on account of its actual service and its figurative meaning. Ordinarily its use in the Bible is figurative, or symbolical. No doubt the original meaning was some important stone, which was laid at the foundation of a building. (1) With the Canaanites, who preceded Israel in the possession of Israel, corner-stone laying seems to have been a most sacred and impressive ceremonial. Under this important stone of temples, or other great structures, bodies of children or older persons would be laid, consecrating the building by such human sacrifice (see FORTIFICATION, II, 1). This was one of many hideous rites and practices which Israel was to extirpate. It may throw light on the curse pronounced upon the rebuilding of Jericho (Josh 6:26; see PEFS, January, 1904, July, 1908). See CANAAN. (2) Old Testament references.--The Hebrew word pinnah, "corner," is found or implied in every occurrence of this idea. Derived from a root signifying "to turn," it means "turning," and therefore "edge" or "corner." Ordinarily it is used with 'ebhen, "stone" (Ps 118:22); or it may occur alone, having acquired for itself through frequent use the whole technical phrase-idea (Zec 10:4 the King James Version). Figurative Uses: While all the passages indicate the stone at the corner, there appear to be two conceptions: (a) the foundation-stone upon which the structure rested (Job 38:6; Isa 28:16; Jer 51:26); or (b) the topmost or cap-stone, which linked the last tier together (Ps 118:22; Zec 4:7); in both cases it is an important or key-stone, and figurative of the Messiah, who is "the First and the Last." In Job 38:6 it beautifully expresses in figures the stability of the earth, which Yahweh created. In Zec 10:4 the leader or ruler in the Messianic age is represented by the corner-stone. The ancient tradition of the one missing stone, when the temple was in building, is reflected in or has been suggested by Ps 118:22 (Midrash quoted by Pusey under Zec 4:7). It is probable that we should read in Ps 144:12 not "corner- stones," but "corner-pillars," or supports (compare Greek Caryatides) from a different Hebrew word, zawith, Brown, Driver, and Briggs, Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament, under the word (3) New Testament passages.--Ps 118:22 is quoted and interpreted as fulfilled in Jesus Christ in a number of passages: Mt 21:42; Mk 12:10; Lk 20:17; Acts 4:11 and 1 Pet 2:7; it is also the evident basis for Eph 2:20. Isa 28:16 is quoted twice in the New Testament: Rom 9:33, from Septuagint combined with the words of Isa 8:14, and in 1 Pet 2:6, which is quoted with some variation from Septuagint. The Old Testament passages were understood by the rabbis to be Messianic, and were properly so applied by the New Testament writers.

Cornerstone Scripture - 1 Peter 2:6 Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded.

Cornerstone Scripture - Acts 4:11 This is the stone which was set at nought of you builders, which is become the head of the corner.

Cornerstone Scripture - Ephesians 2:20 And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner [stone];

Cornerstone Scripture - Isaiah 28:16 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner [stone], a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.

Cornerstone Scripture - Job 38:6 Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened? or who laid the corner stone thereof;

Cornerstone Scripture - Luke 20:17 And he beheld them, and said, What is this then that is written, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner?

Cornerstone Scripture - Mark 12:10 And have ye not read this scripture; The stone which the builders rejected is become the head of the corner:

Cornerstone Scripture - Matthew 21:42 Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?

Cornerstone Scripture - Psalms 118:22 The stone [which] the builders refused is become the head [stone] of the corner.

Cornerstone Scripture - Psalms 144:12 That our sons [may be] as plants grown up in their youth; [that] our daughters [may be] as corner stones, polished [after] the similitude of a palace:

Cornerstones The cornerstone is another important part of the mason's work of which Scripture speaks. When the first layer of oblong stones is laid on the foundation, a broad square stone is selected for each corner where two walls meet. A thinner square block is usually put at each corner of the top rows of stones where the roof-beams are to rest. When trimming the oblong stones forming the bulk of the walls, it is easy for the mason to pass by the stone suitable for the cornerstone because of its uninviting shape. Thus the Psalmist said: "The stone which the builders refused is become the head stone of the corner" (Psalm 118:22). [Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]

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