Manners & Customs: Sickles
Sickles in ancient Bible times
Sickle in Easton's Bible Dictionaryy
of the Egyptians resembled that in modern use. The ears of
were cut with it near the top of the straw. There was
sickle used for warlike purposes, more correctly,
called a pruning-hook (Deut. 16:9; Jer. 50:16, marg.,
Joel 3:13; Mark 4:29).
Sickle in Naves Topical Bible
An agricultural implement used for cutting grain
De 23:25; Jer 50:16; Mr 4:29
Of the judgments of God
Joe 3:13; Re 14:14-19
Sickle in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
sik'-'l (chermesh (Dt 16:9; 23:25), maggal; compare Arabic
minjal (Jer 50:16; Joel 3:13); drepanon (Mk 4:29; Rev 14:14-
19)): Although the ancients pulled much of their grain by
hand, we know that they also used sickles. The form of this
instrument varied, as is evidenced by the Egyptian sculptures.
The earliest sickle was probably of wood, shaped like the
modern scythe, although much smaller, with the cutting edge
made of sharp flints set into the wood. Sickle flints were
found at Tel el-Chesy. Crescent-shaped iron sickles were found
in the same mound. In Israel and Syria the sickle varies in
size. It is usually made wholly of iron or steel and shaped
much like the instrument used in western lands. The smaller-
sized sickles are used both for pruning and for reaping.
Sickle Scripture - Deuteronomy 16:9
Seven weeks shalt thou number unto thee: begin to number the
seven weeks from [such time as] thou beginnest [to put] the
sickle to the corn.
Sickle Scripture - Deuteronomy 23:25
When thou comest into the standing corn of thy neighbour, then
thou mayest pluck the ears with thine hand; but thou shalt not
move a sickle unto thy neighbour's standing corn.
Sickle Scripture - Jeremiah 50:16
Cut off the sower from Babylon, and him that handleth the
sickle in the time of harvest: for fear of the oppressing
sword they shall turn every one to his people, and they shall
flee every one to his own land.
Sickle Scripture - Joel 3:13
Put ye in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe: come, get you
down; for the press is full, the fats overflow; for their
wickedness [is] great.
Sickle Scripture - Mark 4:29
But when the fruit is brought forth, immediately he putteth in
the sickle, because the harvest is come.
Sickle Scripture - Revelation 14:14
And I looked, and behold a white cloud, and upon the cloud
[one] sat like unto the Son of man, having on his head a
golden crown, and in his hand a sharp sickle.
Sickle Scripture - Revelation 14:15
And another angel came out of the temple, crying with a loud
voice to him that sat on the cloud, Thrust in thy sickle, and
reap: for the time is come for thee to reap; for the harvest
of the earth is ripe.
Sickle Scripture - Revelation 14:16
And he that sat on the cloud thrust in his sickle on the
earth; and the earth was reaped.
Sickle Scripture - Revelation 14:17
And another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven,
he also having a sharp sickle.
Sickle Scripture - Revelation 14:18
And another angel came out from the altar, which had power
over fire; and cried with a loud cry to him that had the sharp
sickle, saying, Thrust in thy sharp sickle, and gather the
clusters of the vine of the earth; for her grapes are fully
Sickle Scripture - Revelation 14:19
And the angel thrust in his sickle into the earth, and
gathered the vine of the earth, and cast [it] into the great
winepress of the wrath of God.
Tares. The tares are also enemies of the grain. In his Parable of the Tares, JESUS said: "While men slept, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat" (Matthew 13:25). In the Holy Land, tares are something called "wild wheat," because they resemble wheat, only the grains are black. Thomson has this to say about the tares:
"The Arabic name for tares is zawan, and they abound all over the East, and are a great nuisance to the farmer. The grain is small, and is arranged along the upper part of the stalk, which stands perfectly erect. Its taste is bitter, and when eaten separately, or when diffused in ordinary bread, it causes dizziness, and often acts as an emetic. In short, it is a strong soporific poison, and must be carefully winnowed, and picked out of the wheat, grain by grain, before grinding, or the flour is not healthy. Of course the farmers are very anxious to exterminate it, but that is nearly impossible. [Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]
CUTTING AND TRANSPORTING THE RIPENED GRAIN
Cutting the ripened grain. The ripe grain is cut with a sickle. In early times sickles were made of flint, which material was abundant and therefore cheap. In later periods there were some made of bronze or of iron, but the former were more prevalent in all periods. The flint was at first set in the jaw-bone of an animal, or in a curved piece of wood.
The prophet Jeremiah speaks of "him that handleth the sickle in the time of harvest" (Jeremiah 50:16). And the prophet Joel commands: "Put ye in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe" (Joel 3:13).
[Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]
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