The goad. A goad is carried by the native ploughman today, and was also used in Bible times. It is a wooden rod varying in length from five to seven feet, with a sharp point at one end. With this the farmer can hurry up his slow-moving animals.5
It was such an ox-goad that was used by Shamgar in slaying six hundred Philistines (Judges 3:31). The conviction of sin that came to Saul of Tarsus and led to his conversion was compared to the pricks of an oxgoad: "It is hard for thee to kick against the pricks [goad]" (Acts 26:14).
[Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]
Goads in Easton's Bible Dictionary
(Heb. malmad, only in Judg. 3: 31), an instrument used by
ploughmen for guiding their oxen. Shamgar slew six
Philistines with an ox-goad. "The goad is a
It is sometimes ten feet long, and has a sharp
now see that the feat of Shamgar was not so very
some have been accustomed to think."
In 1 Sam. 13:21, a different Hebrew word is used,
meaning something pointed. The expression (Acts 9:5,
the R.V.), "It is hard for thee to kick against the
i.e., against the goad, was proverbial for
to superior power.
Goads in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
A pointed instrument, eight feet long, often headed with iron
(1 Samuel 13:21; Ecclesiastes 12:11). To "kick against the
pricks" expresses unavailing resistance, as if cattle were to
kick against the goads of their driver Who has them wholly in
his power, as God has the recalcitrant sinner (Acts 9:5).
Goads in Naves Topical Bible
An instrument of torture
-600 Men killed with, by Shamgar, a judge (hero) of Israel
Of mental incentive
Goads in Smiths Bible Dictionary
Jud 3:31; 1Sa 13:21 The Hebrew word in the latter passage
probably means the point of the plough-share. The former word
does probably refer to the goad, the long handle of which
might be used as a formidable weapon. The instrument, as still
used in countries of southern Europe and western Asia,
consists of a rod about eight feet long, brought to a sharp
point and sometimes cased with iron at the head.
Goads in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
god (dorebhan, malmadh; kentron): The goad used by the Syrian
farmer is usually a straight branch of oak or other strong
wood from which the bark has been stripped, and which has at
one end a pointed spike and at the other a flat chisel-shaped
iron. The pointed end is to prod the oxen while plowing. The
flattened iron at the other end is to scrape off the earth
which clogs the plowshare. The ancient goad was probably
similar to this instrument. It could do villainous work in the
hands of an experienced fighter (Jdg 3:31). If 1 Sam 13:21 is
correctly translated, the goads were kept sharpened by files.
Figurative: "The words of the wise are as goads" (Eccl 12:11).
The only reference to goads in the New Testament is the
familiar passage, "It is hard for thee to kick against the
goad" (Acts 26:14). It was as useless for Saul to keep on in
the wrong way as for a fractious ox to attempt to leave the
furrow. He would surely be brought back with a prick of the
Goads Scripture - 1 Samuel 13:21
Yet they had a file for the mattocks, and for the coulters,
and for the forks, and for the axes, and to sharpen the goads.
Goads Scripture - Ecclesiastes 12:11
The words of the wise [are] as goads, and as nails fastened
[by] the masters of assemblies, [which] are given from one
Goads Scripture - Judges 3:31
And after him was Shamgar the son of Anath, which slew of the
Philistines six hundred men with an ox goad: and he also