Betroth in Easton's Bible Dictionary
to promise "by one's truth." Men and women were betrothed when
they were engaged to be married. This usually took
place a year
or more before marriage. From the time of betrothal
was regarded as the lawful wife of the man to whom she
betrothed (Deut. 28:30; Judg. 14:2, 8; Matt. 1:18-21).
is figuratively employed of the spiritual connection
and his people (Hos. 2:19, 20).
Betroth in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
be-troth', be-troth' ('dras): On betrothal as a social custom
see MARRIAGE. Hosea, in his great parable of the prodigal
wife, surpassed only by a greater Teacher's parable of the
Prodigal Son, uses betrothal as the symbol of Yahweh's pledge
of His love and favor to penitent Israel (Hos 2:19,20). In Ex
21:8,9 the Revised Version (British and American) renders
"espouse" for the "betroth" of the King James Version, the
context implying the actual marriage relation.
Difference between a promise and a betrothal. A promise of marriage among the Jews of Bible times might mean an engagement without anything definite. There could be a number of engagements broken off. It was the betrothal that was binding, rather than a mere promise of marriage. The promise might be set aside, but a betrothal entered into was considered as fina1.
The betrothal a covenant. Among the ancient Hebrews the betrothal was a spoken covenant. Ezekiel pictures GOD as marrying Jerusalem, and the following words are used of her: "I sware unto thee, and entered into a covenant with thee, saith the LORD GOD, and thou becamest mine" (Ezekiel 16:8). After the exile, the betrothal included signing a written document of marriage.
The ceremony of betrothal. The Jewish betrothal in CHRIST's time was conducted thus: The families of the bride and groom met, with some others present to serve as witnesses. The young man would give the young woman either a gold ring, or some article of value, or simply a document in which he promised to marry her. Then he would say to her: "See by this ring [or this token] thou art set apart for me, according to the law of Moses and of Israel."
Difference between betrothal and marriage. The betrothal was not the same as the wedding. At least a whole year elapsed between the betrothal and the actual wedding. These two events must not be confused.
The Law said, "What man is there that hath betrothed a wife, and hath not taken her?" (Deuteronomy 20:7). Two events are differentiated here: betrothing a wife, and taking a wife, i.e., in actual marriage. It was during this period of about a year, between the betrothal and the wedding, that Mary was found to be with child of the HOLY SPIRIT (Matthew 7:18).
[Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]
Betrothal in Naves Topical Bible
-Exempts from military duty
Mt 1:18; Lu 1:27
Betrothal Scripture - Deuteronomy 20:7
And what man [is there] that hath betrothed a wife, and hath
not taken her? let him go and return unto his house, lest he
die in the battle, and another man take her.
Betrothal Scripture - Deuteronomy 28:30
Thou shalt betroth a wife, and another man shall lie with her:
thou shalt build an house, and thou shalt not dwell therein:
thou shalt plant a vineyard, and shalt not gather the grapes
Betrothing in Smiths Bible Dictionary