Manners & Customs: Jewelry
Jewelry in the Ancient World
Apparel of the Bride
The adorning of the bride, was a very costly and elaborate affair. Much time was given to the preparation of her person. Every effort was put forth to make her complexion glossy and shining with a luster like unto marble. The words of David must have been their ideal for her: "that our daughters may be as corner stones, polished after the similitude of a palace" (Psalm 144:12). Her dark locks of hair were often braided with gold and pearls. She was decked with all the precious stones and jewels that the family had inherited from previous generations. Those who were too poor to afford much themselves would borrow what they could from their friends.
The wedding festivities, and especially the bride's adornment, would always be remembered by her. The prophet Jeremiah made reference to this thought, "Can a maid forget her ornaments, or a bride her attire?" (Jeremiah 2:32). The Apostle John saw New Jerusalem "prepared as a bride adorned for her husband" (Revelation 21:2).
[Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]
Jewels in Naves Topical Bible
Betrothal presents of
-Borrowed from Egyptians by Israelites
Ex 3:22; 11:2; 12:35
-Dedicated to the tabernacle
Ex 35:22; Nu 31:50-52
-Regarded by Jacob as obnoxious to holiness
Ge 35:4; Ex 33:4-6; Isa 3:18-21
-Tokens of love
-Worn by men
Pr 20:15; Mal 3:17
Jewels in Smiths Bible Dictionary
Jewels in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
ju'-el, joo'-el: An ornament of gold, silver or of precious
stones in the form of armlet, bracelet, anklet, nose-ring,
etc. Oriental dress yields itself freely to such adornment,
to which there are many allusions in Scripture. a frequent
term in Hebrew is keli ("utensil," "vessel"), coupled with
mention of "gold" or "silver" or both (Gen 24:53; Ex 3:22;
11:2; 12:35; 35:22; 1 Sam 6:8,15, etc.; the Revised Version
(British and American) in 2 Ch 32:27 translations
"vessels"). In Song 1:10, where the King James Version has
"rows (of jewels)," the Revised Version (British and
American) has "plaits (of hair)"; in Song 7:1, the word is
from a root chalah, meaning "to adorn." In 3 instances in
the King James Version "jewel" represents the Hebrew nezem
(Prov 11:22; Isa 3:21; Ezek 16:12); the American Standard
Revised Version changes Prov 11:22 to "ring" Septuagint here
= "earring"), and both the English Revised Version and the
American Standard Revised Version have "ring" in Ezek 16:12.
The familiar phrase in Mal 3:17, "in that day when I make up
my jewels," becomes in the English Revised Version, "in the
day that I do make, even a peculiar treasure" (margin "or,
wherein I do make a peculiar treasure"), and in the American
Standard Revised Version, "even mine own possession, in the
day that I make" (margin "or, do this").
See, further, ORNAMENT; DRESS; STONES, PRECIOUS.
Jewels Scripture - 1 Samuel 6:15
And the Levites took down the ark of the LORD, and the coffer
that [was] with it, wherein the jewels of gold [were], and put
[them] on the great stone: and the men of Bethshemesh offered
burnt offerings and sacrificed sacrifices the same day unto
Jewels Scripture - 2 Chronicles 20:25
And when Jehoshaphat and his people came to take away the
spoil of them, they found among them in abundance both riches
with the dead bodies, and precious jewels, which they stripped
off for themselves, more than they could carry away: and they
were three days in gathering of the spoil, it was so much.
Jewels Scripture - 2 Chronicles 32:27
And Hezekiah had exceeding much riches and honour: and he made
himself treasuries for silver, and for gold, and for precious
stones, and for spices, and for shields, and for all manner of
Jewels Scripture - Exodus 35:22
And they came, both men and women, as many as were willing
hearted, [and] brought bracelets, and earrings, and rings, and
tablets, all jewels of gold: and every man that offered
[offered] an offering of gold unto the LORD.
Jewels Scripture - Ezekiel 16:17
Thou hast also taken thy fair jewels of my gold and of my
silver, which I had given thee, and madest to thyself images
of men, and didst commit whoredom with them,
Jewels Scripture - Ezekiel 16:39
And I will also give thee into their hand, and they shall
throw down thine eminent place, and shall break down thy high
places: they shall strip thee also of thy clothes, and shall
take thy fair jewels, and leave thee naked and bare.
Jewels Scripture - Isaiah 61:10
I will greatly rejoice in the LORD, my soul shall be joyful in
my God; for he hath clothed me with the garments of salvation,
he hath covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a
bridegroom decketh [himself] with ornaments, and as a bride
adorneth [herself] with her jewels.
Jewels Scripture - Job 28:17
The gold and the crystal cannot equal it: and the exchange of
it [shall not be for] jewels of fine gold.
Jewels Scripture - Numbers 31:50
We have therefore brought an oblation for the LORD, what every
man hath gotten, of jewels of gold, chains, and bracelets,
rings, earrings, and tablets, to make an atonement for our
souls before the LORD.
Jewels Scripture - Song of Solomon 7:1
How beautiful are thy feet with shoes, O prince's daughter!
the joints of thy thighs [are] like jewels, the work of the
hands of a cunning workman.
Among the women there was more apt to be ornamentation than among the men. Peter and Paul condemned an elaborate braiding of women's hair (I Peter 3:3; 1 Timothy 2:9), and the use of ornaments may possibly have been involved in the custom. Earrings were at one time worn by the women of Jacob's family (Genesis 35:4). And the golden earrings of the Israelitish women contributed to the making by Aaron of the golden calf (Exodus 32:2). These earrings, as now worn in the East, have as their main design the form of balls, long pendants, crescents, or disks. On behalf of his master, Abraham's servant had two bracelets ready to give Rebekah (Genesis 24:22). In recent years these are made of gold, silver, brass, or colored glass. In the third chapter of his prophecy, Isaiah lists many feminine ornaments. Necklaces or pendants are referred to also (Isaiah 3:19). Today they take the form of balls, squares, or hollow cylinders. Anklets, now having bells and disks attached, are also mentioned in this chapter (Isaiah 3:18). These are worn by Bedouin women today. Noserings also worn by these women were a part of Isaiah's list of feminine ornaments (Isaiah 3:21) Amulets were worn in Isaiah's day (Isaiah 3:20) and still are worn in the East as a charm to protect a person from various kinds of evil. [Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]
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