Manners & Customs: Headdress
Headdress, Head Covering or Turban in the Ancient World
Bonnets Scripture - Exodus 28:40
And for Aaron's sons thou shalt make coats, and thou shalt
make for them girdles, and bonnets shalt thou make for them,
for glory and for beauty.
Diadem in Easton's Bible Dictionary
the tiara of a king (Ezek. 21:26; Isa. 28:5; 62:3); the turban
(Job 29:14). In the New Testament a careful
distinction is drawn
between the diadem as a badge of royalty (Rev. 12:3;
19:12) and the crown as a mark of distinction in
It is not known what the ancient Jewish "diadem" was.
It was the
mark of Oriental sovereigns. (See CROWN -T0000929.)
Diadem in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
(See CROWN.) The diadem in Gentile nations was a white fillet,
two inches broad, bound round the head, the badge of the
monarch. In Persia the king's diadem differed from that of the
queen and the highest princes, in having an erect triangular
peak. In Israel mitsenepheth is always the high priest's
turbaned cap, "miter," or "diadem," (Isaiah 28:5) "diadem
(tsephirah) of beauty."
Diadem in Naves Topical Bible
General scriptures concerning
Diadem in Smiths Bible Dictionary
What the "diadem" of the Jews was we know not. That of other
nations of antiquity was a fillet of silk, two inches broad,
bound round the head and tied behind. Its invention is
attributed to Liber. Its color was generally white, sometimes,
however, it was of blue, like that of Darius; and it was sown
with pearls or other gems, Zec 9:16 and enriched with gold. Re
9:7 It was peculiarly the mark of Oriental sovereigns. In Es
1:11; 2:17 we have cether for the turban worn by the Persian
king, queen or other eminent persons to whom it was conceded
as a special favor. The diadem of the king differed from that
of others in having an erect triangular peak. The words in Eze
23:15 mean long and flowing turbans of gorgeous colors.
Diadem in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
di'-a-dem: There are seven Bible references to the diadem,
four in the Old Testament and three in the New Testament.
The Hebrew words do not mark any clear distinctions.
(1) tsaniph, tsanoph, tsaniphah (all from tsanaph, primarily
"to wrap," "dress," "roll") mean a headdress in the nature
of a turban or piece of cloth wrapped or twisted about the
head. The word is also rendered "hood," "mitre." Job 29:14:
"My justice was as a robe and a diadem" (RVm, "turban"); Isa
62:3: "a royal diadem in the hand of thy God."
(2) tsephirah, means "a crown," "diadem," i.e. something
round about the head; Isa 28:5 "a diadem of beauty, unto the
residue of his people."
(3) mitsnepheth, means an official turban or tiara of priest
or king, translated also "mitre." Ezek 21:26: "Remove the
mitre, and take off the crown."
(4) diadema, the Greek word in the New Testament for
"diadem," means "something bound about the head." Found 3 t,
all in Rev 12:3: "a great red dragon .... and upon his heads
seven diadems" (the King James Version "crowns"); Rev 13:1:
"a beast .... and on his horns ten diadems"; 19:11,12: "a
white horse .... and upon his head are many diadems."
Diadem Scripture - Isaiah 62:3
Thou shalt also be a crown of glory in the hand of the LORD,
and a royal diadem in the hand of thy God.
Diadem Scripture - Job 29:14
I put on righteousness, and it clothed me: my judgment [was]
as a robe and a diadem.
Headbands in Naves Topical Bible
General scriptures concerning Isa 3:20
Headbands Scripture - Isaiah 3:20
The bonnets, and the ornaments of the legs, and the headbands,
and the tablets, and the earrings,
Headdress in Easton's Bible Dictionary
Not in common use among the Hebrews. It is first mentioned
Ex. 28:40 (A.V., "bonnets;" R.V., "head-tires"). It
especially for purposes of ornament (Job 29:14; Isa.
62:3). The Hebrew word here used, _tsaniph_,
properly means a
turban, folds of linen wound round the head. The
_peer_, used in Isa. 61:3, there rendered "beauty"
"garland" (R.V.), is a head-dress or turban worn by
(Isa. 3: 20, "bonnets"), priests (Ex. 39:28), a
61:10, "ornament;" R.V., "garland"). Ezek. 16:10 and
are to be understood of the turban wrapped round the
Hebrew _shebisim_ (Isa. 3:18), in the Authorized
rendered "cauls," and marg. "networks," denotes
probably a kind
of netted head-dress. The "horn" (Heb. keren)
mentioned in 1
Sam. 2:1 is the head-dress called by the Druses of
Headdress in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
The head was usually uncovered. In Leviticus 10:6 the sense
of "uncover (literally, "let loose") not your heads" is "let
not your hair fall loosely from your head" as in mourning.
When needful the head was covered with the mantle; the radid
and tsaiph were so used, the veil also. In Job 29:14, "my
judgment (justice) was as ... a diadem," translated "a
turban," or head-dress of linen rolled around (tsaniph). It
and the flowing outer "robe" characterize an oriental
grandee or high priest (Zechariah 3:5). The tsaniyph) was
worn also by an adorned lady (Isaiah 3:23, "hoods" or
mitres), also by kings, Isaiah 62:3. The pe-eer was a
holiday ornamental head-dress; (Isaiah 61:3) "beauty for
ashes" (a play on similar sounds, pe-eer epher), to give
them the ornamental headdress worn on joyous occasions
(Ezekiel 24:17) for the ashes cast on the head in mourning
(2 Samuel 13:19).
The high priest's "mitre" was a twisted band of
linen coiled into a cap, like a turban, with a plate or
crown of gold in front,. Instead of this the ordinary
priests wore "bonnets" (rather caps) "for glory and for
beauty." In Isaiah 61:10, "as a bridegroom decketh himself
with ornaments" (pe-eer), translated" with the priests'
ornamental head-dress," appropriate to the "kingdom of
priests," consecrated to offer spiritual sacrifices to God
continually (Exodus 19:6; Revelation 5:10; Revelation 20:6).
The pe-eer refers especially to the jewels and ornaments
with which the turban is decorated. In Ezekiel 16:10 "I
girded thee about with fine linen" may refer to the turban.
In Ezekiel 23:15 "exceeding in dyed attire," translated
"redundant in dyed turbans," i.e. with ample dyed turbans;
the Assyrians delighted in ample richly dyed headdresses
anti robes. In Daniel 3:21 for" hats" translated "outer
Headdress in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
Headdress, Turbans, and Hair
The Jews of Bible times gave much attention to the care of their hair. The young people loved to wear it long and curled (Song of Solomon 5:11), and they were proud to have thick and abundant hair (II Samuel 14:25,26). Middle-aged men and priests would occasionally cut their hair but very little. Baldness was scarce and suspicion of leprosy was often attached to it. Thus when the youth said of Elisha, "Go up, thou bald head" (II Kings 2:23), it was using an extreme curse, for the prophet being a young man, may not actually have been bald-headed. Men would not cut their beards, but allow them to grow long (II Samuel 10:4,5). Beards would be anointed with oil often.
In public the Jews always wore a turban, for at certain seasons of the year it is dangerous in Israel to expose the head to the rays of the sun. This turban was of thick material and passed several times around the head. It was somewhat like our handkerchief and was made of linen, or recently of cotton.
The patriarch Job and the prophet Isaiah mention the use of the turban as a headdress (Job 29:14; Isaiah 3:23). In place of the turban, the Palestinian Arabs today for the most part, wear a head veil called "Kaffieh" which hangs down over part of their garment.
*** The Bible teaches that it is a shame for a man to have long hair, and is a sign of rebellion against authority, according to 1 Corinthians 11. Absalom clearly was a rebel. Even in the OT, men (especially the priests, the examples to the rest of Israel) cut their hair short - see Ezekiel 44:20. [Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]
Headgear of Women
The headgear of Bethlehem women is of interest in throwing light on Biblical customs. It was of two parts. First, there was what might be called a high cap on the front of which have been sewn rows of gold and silver coins. It would have to be a dire circumstance that would ever cause her to part with any of these coins. If she lost one of these, an evil meaning would be attached to the loss, and so it would be considered a great shame. Thus the woman whom JESUS told us about (Luke 15:8-10), had not merely lost a coin that could be used for buying articles, she had lost a part of that which was an ornament to her and which was also her dowry. Reflection was cast upon her character.
Second, there was the veil, which was quite a large affair perhaps six feet long and some four feet wide, and so placed over the cap as to cover the entire headgear, with the exception of the coins. Most of these veils are made of heavy white linen. Some have embroidery work on them, and some are nearly covered with needlework. [Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]
Hoods Scripture - Isaiah 3:23
The glasses, and the fine linen, and the hoods, and the vails.
Turban in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
tur'-ban (Lev 16:4 margin).
If you notice a broken link or any error PLEASE report it by clicking HERE
© 1995-2019 Bible History Online