Manners & Customs: Trade Routes
Trade Routes in the Ancient World
Ship Travel Routes
Ship routes. It is important to remember that in Bible times, vessels that traveled in the Mediterranean Sea kept as close as possible to land. Thus the trade routes were along the coast or from one headland to another one.
When the Apostle Paul was returning from one of his missionary journeys, he traveled by ship from Ephesus to Caesarea. His ship would keep near the coast going from city to city, and Paul sometimes stopped off and visited friends (Acts 21:1-8). In those days the small size of the ships often made it necessary for passengers to go ashore for the night, and finding a place there to sleep, join the ship the next day. [Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]
Trade in Naves Topical Bible
See under the name of each trade
Trade in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
2. Position of Israel
3. Trade Products of Israel
4. Palestinian Traders
1. To David
3. Maritime Trade
4. To the Exile
5. The Exile and After
For a full list of the commercial terms used in the Old
Testament, reference must be made to EB, IV, cols. 5193-99.
Only the more important can be given here.
For "merchant" the Hebrew uses almost always one of the two
participial forms cocher, or rokhel, both of which mean
simply "one who travels." There is no difference in their
meaning, but when the two are used together (Ezek 27:13 ff)
the Revised Version (British and American) distinguishes by
using "trafficker" for rokhel. The verb cachar, from which
cocher is derived, is translated "to trade" in Gen 34:10,21
and "to traffic" in Gen 49:34, with numerous noun formations
from the same stem. The verb rakhal from which rokhel is
derived does not occur, but the noun formation rekhullah in
Ezek 26:12 (the Revised Version (British and American)
"merchandise"); 28:5,16,18 (the Revised Version (British and
American) "traffic") may be noted. In Ezek 27:24 the Revised
Version (British and American) has "merchandise" for
markoleth, but the word means "place of merchandise,"
"market." The participle tarim, from tur, "seek out," in
combination with 'aneshe, "men," in 1 Ki 10:15, is
translated "merchant men" by the King James Version,
"chapmen" by the English Revised Version and "traders" by
the American Standard Revised Version; in 2 Ch 9:14, the
King James Version and the English Revised Version have
"chapmen" and the American Standard Revised Version
"traders." The text of these verses is suspected. In Ezek 27
(only) "merchandise" represents ma`arabh, from `arabh, "to
exchange," translated "to deal," margin "exchange," in 27:9
the American Standard Revised Version, with "dealers,"
margin "exchangers," in 27:27 (the King James Version and
the English Revised Version have "occupy," "occupiers").
kena`an, and kena`ani "Canaanite," are sometimes used in the
sense of "merchant," but it is often difficult to determine
whether the literal or the transferred force is intended.
Hence, all the confusion in English Versions of the Bible;
in the Revised Version (British and American) note
"merchant," Job 41:6; "merchant," margin "Canaanite," Prov
31:24; "trafficker," Isa 23:8; "trafficker," margin
"Canaanite," Hos 12:7; "Canaan," margin "merchant people,"
Isa 23:11; Zeph 1:11, and compare "land of traffic," margin
"land of Canaan," Ezek 17:4.
See CHAPMAN; OCCUPY.
In Apocrypha and New Testament "merchant" is for emporos
(Sirach 26:29, etc.; Mt 13:45; Rev 18:3,11,15,23). So
"merchandise" is emporion, in Jn 2:16 and emporia, in Mt
22:5, while emporeuomai, is translated "make...
Trade Scripture - Genesis 34:10
And ye shall dwell with us: and the land shall be before you;
dwell and trade ye therein, and get you possessions therein.
Trade Scripture - Genesis 34:21
These men [are] peaceable with us; therefore let them dwell in
the land, and trade therein; for the land, behold, [it is]
large enough for them; let us take their daughters to us for
wives, and let us give them our daughters.
Trade Scripture - Genesis 46:32
And the men [are] shepherds, for their trade hath been to feed
cattle; and they have brought their flocks, and their herds,
and all that they have.
Trade Scripture - Genesis 46:34
That ye shall say, Thy servants' trade hath been about cattle
from our youth even until now, both we, [and] also our
fathers: that ye may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every
shepherd [is] an abomination unto the Egyptians.
Trade Scripture - Revelation 18:17
For in one hour so great riches is come to nought. And every
shipmaster, and all the company in ships, and sailors, and as
many as trade by sea, stood afar off,
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