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February 20    Scripture



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Manners & Customs: City Walls
City Walls in the Ancient World

Ancient Walls The Oriental Town or City WALLS DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CITY AND VILLAGE, AS TO WALLS. In early Old Testament times the villages were smaller places of abode without walls around them, whereas the cities or towns were larger places that had walls around them. The Mosaic Law made such a distinction: "If a man sell a dwelling house in a walled city" (Leviticus 25:29). "But the houses of the villages which have no wall round about them" (Leviticus 25:31). The villages were often located near a fortified city upon which they were more or less dependent. Thus the city was the metropolis of the villages. We often read in the Bible of "cities and their villages," Some speak of the expression: "cities and their daughters," indicating a mother-city, and her dependent villages surrounding her (cf. Joshua 15:45 and 17:11).1 Walls a part of city fortifications. In Bible times most cities were walled and fortified for protection against an enemy. Those living in a city without walls would be interested in having walls built for them. Often when the Bible says that a certain character built a city, what is meant is not that a new site was located and a new city was built, but rather that a city already inhabited was supplied with walls entirely around its confines.2 It was thus that Solomon built "Bethhoron the upper, and Beth-horon the nether, fenced cities, with walls, gates, and bars" (II Chronicles 8:5). [Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]

City Walls in Naves Topical Bible Of Bashan, destroyed by the Israelites De 3:5,6 -Of Jericho Jos 2:15; 6 -Of Jerusalem See JERUSALEM -Of Babylon Jer 51:44 -Broad Jer 51:58 -Of Beth-shan 1Sa 31:10 -Of Rabbah 2Sa 11:20 -Of Abel 2Sa 20:15,21 -Houses built upon Jos 2:15 -Double 2Ki 25:4; Isa 22:11 -Sentinels on See WATCHMAN -FIGURATIVE Of the new Jerusalem Re 21:12,14,17-21

Towers Were Part of the wall TOWERS The Oriental city has had two types of towers located in it. First was the tower constructed as a part of the city wall. At this point the wall was built higher and served as a fortification. The approach of an enemy could be sighted from here, and weapons hurled down upon men who attempted to take the city. Almost every gate of any consequence would have a tower over it. Then towers were often built where the wall turned a corner. These were called "corner towers." King Uzziah made use of such towers: "And he made in Jerusalem engines, invented by skilful men, to be on the towers and upon the battlements to shoot arrows and great stones withal" (II Chronicles 26: 15). [Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]

Walls in Easton's Bible Dictionary Cities were surrounded by walls, as distinguished from "unwalled villages" (Ezek. 38:11; Lev. 25:29-34). They were made thick and strong (Num. 13:28; Deut. 3:5). Among the Jews walls were built of stone, some of those in the temple being of great size (1 Kings 6:7; 7:9-12; 20:30; Mark 13:1, 2). The term is used metaphorically of security and safety (Isa. 26:1; 60:18; Rev. 21:12-20). (See FENCE -T0001321.)

Walls in Fausset's Bible Dictionary (See HOUSE.) Foundations were often carried down to the solid rock, as in the case of the temple. The foundation stones are often of enormous size, 20 to 30 ft. long, by three to 6 ft. 6 inches wide, and five to 7 ft. 6 inches thick; three at Baalbek are each 68 ft. long, and one in the quarry 68 ft. 4 in. long, 17 ft. 2 in. broad, and 14 ft. 7 in. thick. Slabs of marble or alabaster line the walls of Solomon's buildings, as those of Nineveh.

Walls in Smiths Bible Dictionary Only a few points need be noticed. 1. The practice common in Israel of carrying foundations down to the solid rock, as in the case of the temple, with structures intended to be permanent. Lu 6:48 2. A feature of some parts of Solomon's buildings, as described by Josephus, corresponds remarkably to the method adopted at Nineveh of incrusting or veneering a wall of brick or stone with slabs of a more costly material, as marble or alabaster. 3. Another use of walls in Israel is to support mountain roads Or terraces formed on the sides of hills for purposes of cultivation. 4. The "path of the vineyards," Nu 22:24 is a pathway through vineyards, with walls on each side.

Walls in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE wol. See ARCHITECTURE; CITY; FORTIFICATION; HOUSE; JERUSALEM; VILLAGE.

Walls Scripture - 1 Chronicles 29:4 [Even] three thousand talents of gold, of the gold of Ophir, and seven thousand talents of refined silver, to overlay the walls of the houses [withal]:

Walls Scripture - 1 Kings 6:5 And against the wall of the house he built chambers round about, [against] the walls of the house round about, [both] of the temple and of the oracle: and he made chambers round about:

Walls Scripture - 1 Kings 6:6 The nethermost chamber [was] five cubits broad, and the middle [was] six cubits broad, and the third [was] seven cubits broad: for without [in the wall] of the house he made narrowed rests round about, that [the beams] should not be fastened in the walls of the house.

Walls Scripture - Deuteronomy 28:52 And he shall besiege thee in all thy gates, until thy high and fenced walls come down, wherein thou trustedst, throughout all thy land: and he shall besiege thee in all thy gates throughout all thy land, which the LORD thy God hath given thee.

Walls Scripture - Ezekiel 41:13 So he measured the house, an hundred cubits long; and the separate place, and the building, with the walls thereof, an hundred cubits long;

Walls Scripture - Ezekiel 41:22 The altar of wood [was] three cubits high, and the length thereof two cubits; and the corners thereof, and the length thereof, and the walls thereof, [were] of wood: and he said unto me, This [is] the table that [is] before the LORD.

Walls Scripture - Jeremiah 1:18 For, behold, I have made thee this day a defenced city, and an iron pillar, and brasen walls against the whole land, against the kings of Judah, against the princes thereof, against the priests thereof, and against the people of the land.

Walls Scripture - Jeremiah 50:15 Shout against her round about: she hath given her hand: her foundations are fallen, her walls are thrown down: for it [is] the vengeance of the LORD: take vengeance upon her; as she hath done, do unto her.

Walls Scripture - Jeremiah 51:58 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; The broad walls of Babylon shall be utterly broken, and her high gates shall be burned with fire; and the people shall labour in vain, and the folk in the fire, and they shall be weary.

Walls Scripture - Lamentations 2:7 The Lord hath cast off his altar, he hath abhorred his sanctuary, he hath given up into the hand of the enemy the walls of her palaces; they have made a noise in the house of the LORD, as in the day of a solemn feast.

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