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November 29    Scripture

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Manners & Customs : Children's Respect for Their Mother Position of the mother in relation to the children. Children in the East show nearly the same respect toward the mother as they do toward the father. The mother is believed to be entitled to honor and to have authority from GOD. Actually, the father and mother are looked at, as being the representatives of GOD in the matter of authority. They are considered as having this position no matter how poorly they fulfill their obligations.5 Hebrew children in general held their mothers in great respect, even when they became adults. This may be illustrated by the great influence exerted by queen mothers on the kings of Judah and Israel (I Kings 2:19; II Kings 11:1; 24:12, etc.). [Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]

Children's Reverence for Their Father Reverence of the children for the father. Reverence of children for their parents, and especially the father, is well-nigh universal in the East down to modern times. Among the Arabs, it is very seldom that a son is heard of as being undutiful. It is quite customary for the child to greet the father in the morning by the kissing of his hand, and following this, to stand before him in an attitude of humility, ready to receive any order, or waiting for permission to depart. Following this, the child is often taken upon the lap of the father. [Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]

Family in Naves Topical Bible OF SAINTS Blessed Ps 128:3,6 Should be taught God's word De 4:9,10 Worship God together 1Co 16:19 Be duly regulated Pr 31:27; 1Ti 3:4,5,12 Live in unity Ge 45:24; Ps 133:1 Live in mutual forbearance Ge 50:17-21; Mt 18:21,22 Rejoice together before God De 14:26 Deceivers and liars should be removed from Ps 101:7 Warned against departing from God De 29:18 Punishment of irreligious Jer 10:25 -GOOD, EXEMPLIFIED Abraham Ge 18:19 Jacob Ge 35:2 Joshua Jos 24:15 David 2Sa 6:20 Job Job 1:5 Lazarus of Bethany Joh 11:1-5 Cornelius Ac 10:2,33 Lydia Ac 16:15 Jailor of Philippi Ac 16:31-34 Crispus Ac 18:8 Lois 2Ti 1:5 See CHILDREN See HUSBAND See WIFE See ORPHAN See WIDOW -INSTITUTED Ge 2:23,24 -GOVERNMENT OF Ge 3:16; 18:19; Es 1:20,22; 1Co 7:10; 11:3,7-9; Eph 5:22-24; Col 3:18; 1Ti 3:2,4,5; 1Pe 3:1,6 -INFELICITY IN Pr 11:22; 12:4; 14:1; 15:17; 18:19; 19:13; 21:9,19; 25:24; 27:15,16; 30:21,23 -INSTANCES OF INFELICITY IN Of Abraham, on account of Hagar Ge 16:5; 21:10,11 Of Isaac, on account of the disagreement between Jacob and Esau Ge 27:4-46 Of Jacob, the bigamic jealousy between Leah and Rachel Ge 29:30-34; 30:1-25 Moses and Zipporah Ex 4:25,26 Elkanah, on account of bigamic feuds 1Sa 1:4-7 David and Michal 2Sa 6:16,20-23 Ahasuerus, on account of Vashti's refusing to appear before his drunken courtiers Es 1:10-22 -PERSIAN, DOMESTIC CUSTOMS Es 1:10-22 See HAREM -RELIGION OF THE Ge 12:7,8; 13:3,4; 17:12-14; 18:19; De 4:9,10; 11:19,20; 12:5-7,11,12; Jos 24:15; Ps 101:2; Jer 7:18; Ac 10:1-6,33,44,47,48; 16:25-34; 18:8; 1Co 1:16

Family in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE fam'-i-li (mishpachah, bayith; patria): 1. The Foundation 2. Monogamy, the Ideal Relation 3. Equality of the Sexes 4. Polygamy 5. The Commandments and the Family (5th Commandment) 6. The Commandments and the Family (7th Commandment) 7. The Commandments and the Family (10th Commandment) 8. Primitive Monogamic Ideal 9. Reforms of Ezra and Nehemiah 10. The New Testament 11. The Teaching of Jesus 12. The Teaching of Paul 13. Modern Dangers LITERATURE 1. The Foundation: The Bible is the world's great teacher of monogamy--the union for life of one man and one woman in marriage as the basis of the family. Whatever may be said about the time of the writing of the books of the Bible, or of parts of them, the testimony of the whole is incontrovertibly to the point that marriage springs from the choice of one man and one woman of each other for a permanent family relation. Over and through the whole of the Bible this ideal is dominant. There may be instances shown here and there of violation of this rule. But such cases are to be regarded as contrary to the underlying principle of marriage--known even at the time of their occurrence to be antagonistic to the principle. There may be times when moral principle is violated in high places and perhaps over wide reaches in society. The Bible shows that there were such times in the history of man. But it is undeniable that its tone toward such lapses of men and of society is not one of condonation but one of regret and disapproval. The disasters consequent are faithfully set forth. The feeling that finds expression in its whole history is that in such cases there had been violation of the ideal of right in the sex relation. The ideal of monogamic relation is put in the forefront of the history of man. 2. Monogamy, the Ideal Relation: The race is introduced synthetically as a species in the incoming of life. "And God created man...

Family Scripture - 1 Chronicles 13:14 And the ark of God remained with the family of Obededom in his house three months. And the LORD blessed the house of Obededom, and all that he had.

Family Scripture - 1 Chronicles 6:61 And unto the sons of Kohath, [which were] left of the family of that tribe, [were cities given] out of the half tribe, [namely, out of] the half [tribe] of Manasseh, by lot, ten cities.

Family Scripture - 1 Samuel 20:29 And he said, Let me go, I pray thee; for our family hath a sacrifice in the city; and my brother, he hath commanded me [to be there]: and now, if I have found favour in thine eyes, let me get away, I pray thee, and see my brethren. Therefore he cometh not unto the king's table.

Family Scripture - 2 Samuel 14:7 And, behold, the whole family is risen against thine handmaid, and they said, Deliver him that smote his brother, that we may kill him, for the life of his brother whom he slew; and we will destroy the heir also: and so they shall quench my coal which is left, and shall not leave to my husband [neither] name nor remainder upon the earth.

Family Scripture - Judges 18:19 And they said unto him, Hold thy peace, lay thine hand upon thy mouth, and go with us, and be to us a father and a priest: [is it] better for thee to be a priest unto the house of one man, or that thou be a priest unto a tribe and a family in Israel?

Family Scripture - Judges 18:2 And the children of Dan sent of their family five men from their coasts, men of valour, from Zorah, and from Eshtaol, to spy out the land, and to search it; and they said unto them, Go, search the land: who when they came to mount Ephraim, to the house of Micah, they lodged there.

Family Scripture - Leviticus 25:47 And if a sojourner or stranger wax rich by thee, and thy brother [that dwelleth] by him wax poor, and sell himself unto the stranger [or] sojourner by thee, or to the stock of the stranger's family:

Family Scripture - Leviticus 25:49 Either his uncle, or his uncle's son, may redeem him, or [any] that is nigh of kin unto him of his family may redeem him; or if he be able, he may redeem himself.

Family Scripture - Numbers 26:42 These [are] the sons of Dan after their families: of Shuham, the family of the Shuhamites. These [are] the families of Dan after their families.

Family Scripture - Numbers 36:8 And every daughter, that possesseth an inheritance in any tribe of the children of Israel, shall be wife unto one of the family of the tribe of her father, that the children of Israel may enjoy every man the inheritance of his fathers.

Jewish Women Position of Jewish women superior to that of heathen women. The degradation of women in the Orient is a matter of common knowledge. In many cases she is more like a drudge, or a slave, or a plaything for the man, than she is the man's companion, as in the West. This situation has been in existence for centuries. But the position of Hebrew women was far superior to that of heathen women, long before Christianity had its origin among them. Concerning this superiority in relation to the Arabs, Dr. Thomson testifies: The position of women among them was far higher than with the Arabs, and the character of Hebrew women must have been, on the whole, such as to command and sustain this higher position. The Arabs can show no list of pious and illustrious ladies like those who adorn the history of the Hebrews. No Bedouin mother ever taught, or could teach, such a "prophecy" as King Lemuel learned from his; nor could the picture of "a virtuous woman," given in the last chapter of Proverbs, have been copied by an Arab. The conception by him of such a character was a moral impossibility. [Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]

Obedience to Parents Obedience to parents was demanded by the Mosaic Law, and a rebellious and disobedient child be punished by death (Deuteronomy 21:18-21). The Apostle Paul reiterated the injunction that children must obey their parents (Ephesians 6:1; Col. 3:20). [Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]

Parents in Naves Topical Bible Covenant, benefits of, entailed on children Ge 6:18; Ex 20:6; Ps 103:17 -Curses entailed Ex 20:5; Le 20:5; Isa 14:20; Jer 9:14; La 5:7; Eze 16:44; 45 -Involved in children's wickedness 1Sa 2:27-36; 4:10-22 -Partiality of Isaac for Esau Ge 25:28 Rebekah for Jacob Ge 25:28; 27:6-17 Jacob for Joseph Ge 33:2; 37:3; 48:22 Jacob for Benjamin Ge 42:4 -See PARTIALITY -Parental affection exemplified by Hagar Ge 21:15,16 Rebekah's mother Ge 24:55 Isaac and Rebekah Ge 25:28 Isaac Ge 27:26,27 Laban Ge 31:26-28 Jacob Ge 37:3,4; 42:4,38; 43:13,14; 45:26-28; 48:10,11 Moses' mother Ex 2 Naomi Ru 1:8,9 Hannah 1Sa 2:19 David 2Sa 12:18-23; 13:38,39; 14:1,33; 18:5,12,13,33; 19:1-6 Rizpah 2Sa 21:10 The true mother of the infant brought to Solomon 1Ki 3:22-28 Mary Mt 12:46; Lu 2:48; Joh 2:5; 19:25 Jairus Mr 5:23 Father of the demoniac Mr 9:24 The nobleman Joh 4:49 -Indulgent Eli 1Sa 2:27-36; 3:13,14 David 1Ki 1:6 -Paternal blessings of Noah Ge 9:24-27 Abraham Ge 17:18 Isaac Ge 27:10-40; 28:3,4 Jacob Ge 48:15-20; 49:1-28 -Prayers on behalf of children Of Hannah 1Sa 1:27 Of David 2Sa 7:25-29; 1Ch 17:16-27; 2Sa 12:16; 1Ch 22:12; 29:19 Of Job Job 1:5 -Paternal reproaches Ge 9:24,25; 49:3-7 -INFLUENCE OF See INFLUENCE -UNCLASSIFIED SCRIPTURES RELATING TO Ge 18:19; Ex 10:2; 12:26,27; 13:8,14; 20:5,10; 21:17; Le 20:9; 23:3; De 4:9,10; 6:7,20-24; 11:18-21; 32:46; Ps 78:5,6; 103:13; Pr 3:12; 13:22,24; 19:18; 22:6,15; 23:13,14; 27:11; 29:15,17; 31:28; Isa 38:19; 49:15; 66:13; Jer 31:1; 49:11; La 5:7; Joe 1:3; Mal 4:6; Mt 10:37; Lu 11:11- 13; 2Co 12:14; Eph 6:4; Col 3:21; 1Th 2:11; 1Ti 3:4,5,12; 5:8; Tit 1:6; 2:4; Heb 12:7

Parents Select the Bride CHOICE OF A WIFE THE PARENTS' PREROGATIVE It is well known that in the East the parents of a young man select a bride for him. This custom goes back to early Old Testament times. When Esau married against the wishes of his parents, he caused ill-favor (Genesis 26:34, 35). Reason for this parental privilege. Why did parents usually insist on their right to select a bride for their son? The new bride was to become a member of the bridegroom's clan, and therefore, the whole family was interested in knowing if she would be suitable. There is evidence that at least sometimes the son or daughter was consulted. Rebekah was asked if she was willing to go and become the wife of Isaac (Genesis 24:58). But the parents felt they had a right to make the choice. Love after marriage. Orientals look at the love between husband and wife very much as Occidentals would look at love between a brother and a sister. It is indicated that the former should love each other because GOD chose them for each other. Orientals would say that husband and wife love each other, because GOD through the parents, selected them for each other. In other words, the usual Oriental idea is that love comes after marriage. When Isaac and Rebekah were married, they had never seen each other before. Yet the Sacred Record says, "Isaac brought her into his mother's tent, and took Rebekah, and she became his wife; and he loved her" (Genesis 24:67). Love before marriage. Although it is true that most Oriental couples have no opportunity for love before marriage, yet the Bible gives some examples of that sort of love, that are worthy of note. The case of Jacob and Rachel is the most noted illustration of this. With him it was love at first sight (Genesis 29:10-18). Genesis describes his love for her with these memorable words: "And Jacob served seven years for Rachel; and they seemed unto him but a few days, for the love he had to her" (verse 20). Other examples of love before marriage would include Samson who loved "a woman in Timnath of the daughters of the Philistines" (Judges 14:2), and "Michal, Saul's daughter, who loved David," and afterwards became his wife (I Samuel 18:20). [Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]

The Father POSITION OF THE FATHER ORIENTAL MEANING attached to the word, "father." The Oriental idea of the family is a little kingdom within itself, over which the father is supreme ruler. Every company of travelers, every tribe, every community, every family, must have "a father," who is the head of the group. A man is said to be "the father" of what he invents. Jubal "was the father of all such as handle the harp and pipe." Jabal was the father of such as dwell in tents and have cattle" (Genesis 4:20, 21). Because he was a preserver and protector, Joseph said that GOD made him "a father to Pharaoh" (Genesis 45:8). The Oriental mind cannot conceive of any band or group without somebody being "the father" of it. [Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]

The Father as Priest of the Household THE FATHER AS PRIEST IN PATRIARCHAL TIMES IN THE DAYS of the early patriarchs, the father was the priest for the whole family, and this honor and responsibility of exercising the priesthood usually was bestowed upon the first-born son upon the death of the father. This practice continued until the law of Moses transferred this right to the tribe of Levi, which tribe then furnished the priests to Israel as a nation. [Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]

The Father's Authority Supremacy of the father under the patriarchal system. Under the patriarchal administration, the father is supreme in command. This authority which the father has, extends to his wife, to his children, his children's children, his servants, and to all his household, and if he is the sheik, it extends to all the tribe. Many of the Bedouin Arabs of today are under no government except this patriarchal rule. When Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob lived in tents in the Land of Promise, they were ruled by this same system. And when the law of Moses was given to Israel, the authority of the parents, and especially the father, was still recognized. One of the Ten Commandments is "Honor thy father and thy mother" (Exodus 20:12). In many ways the father was the supreme court of appeal in domestic matters. [Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]

The Father's Successor Succession of authority. In a majority of cases, the great authority which the father had, was handed down to his eldest son, who took over the position of leadership upon the death of the father. Thus Isaac became the new "sheik" over his father's household upon the death of Abraham. He and Rebekah had been living in that household under his father's authority; but the succession of authority passed on to him as the son. Ishmael, being son of the handmaid, did not succeed to the place (Genesis 25). In some cases, the father bestowed the succession of authority on other than the eldest son, as when Isaac bestowed it upon Jacob instead of Esau (Genesis 27). [Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]

The Wife Position of the wife in relation to the husband. The wife held a subordinate position to that of her husband, at least in office, if not in nature. The ancient Hebrew women did not have unrestrained freedom as the modern women of the Occident have. In the Orient, social intercourse between the sexes is marked by a degree of reserve that is unknown elsewhere. Dr. Thomson says, "Oriental women are never regarded or treated as equals by the men." They never eat with the men, but the husband and brothers are first served, and the wife, mother, and sisters wait and take what is 1eft; in a walk the women never go arm in arm with the men, but follow at a respectful distance; the woman is, as a rule, kept closely confined, and watched with jealousy; when she goes out she is closely veiled from head to foot. [Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]

Wise Women But while these things are true, it must be understood that the Old Testament does not picture the wife as a mere slave of her husband. She is seen to exert tremendous influence for good or ill over her husband. And he showed great respect for her in most cases. Sarah was treated by Abraham as a queen, and in matters of the household: she ruled in many ways. Abraham said to her, concerning Hagar, who had given birth to Ishmael, "Behold thy maid is in thy hand; do to her as it pleaseth thee" (Genesis 16:6). The tribute to a Hebrew wife and mother in the Book of Proverbs indicates she was a person of great influence with her husband: "The heart of her husband doth safely trust in her" (Proverbs 31:11). "She openeth her mouth with wisdom" (Proverbs 31:26). "Her children arise up and call her blessed; her husband also; and he praiseth her" (Proverbs 31:28). [Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]

Women This attitude toward women can be illustrated from the Bible. Notice how Jacob's wives when traveling were given places by themselves, and not with him (Genesis 32). And nothing is said about the prodigal's mother being present at the feast which the father served his son (Luke 15:11-32). All this is in keeping with Oriental custom. [Manners And Customs of Bible Lands]