Age in Easton's Bible Dictionary
used to denote the period of a man's life (Gen. 47:28), the
maturity of life (John 9:21), the latter end of life
11:17), a generation of the human race (Job 8:8), and
indefinite period (Eph. 2:7; 3:5, 21; Col. 1:26).
Respect to be
shown to the aged (Lev. 19:32). It is a blessing to
when they have old men among them (Isa. 65:20; Zech.
aged supposed to excel in understanding (Job 12:20;
9; 1 Kings 12:6, 8). A full age the reward of piety
Old Age in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
The reward of filial obedience, according to the fifth
commandment; remarkably illustrated in the great permanence
of the Chinese empire; wherein regard for parents and
ancestors is so great that it has degenerated into
superstition. Patriarchal times and patriarchal governments
have most maintained respect for the old. The Egyptians
followed the primeval law, which Moses embodies in Leviticus
19:32; "Thou shalt rise up before the hoary head, and honor
the face of the old man, and fear thy God." Their experience
made them to be regarded as depositories of knowledge (Job
15:10); they gave their opinion first (Job 32:4). A full age
was the reward of piety (Job 5:26; Genesis 15:15); premature
death was a temporal judgment for sin (1 Samuel 2:32);
(spiritually, and as a taking out from the evil to come, it
was sometimes a blessing; as in the case of Abijah,
Jeroboam's son, 1 Kings 14; Isaiah 57:1).
In the millennium, when there shall be a worldwide
theocracy, with Israel for its center, the temporal sanction
of exceeding long life (as in patriarchal times) shall be
the reward for piety, and shortened years the penalty of any
exceptional sin (Isaiah 65:20; Zechariah 8:4). The rulers
under Moses required age as a qualification; hence they and
those of the New Testament church are called elders
(presbyters), until the word became a term of office, and
not necessarily of age. Disobedience to parents and
disrespect to seniors and "dignities" (Judges 1:8; 2 Peter
2:10) are foretold characteristics of the last apostate age
(2 Timothy 3:2-4; Romans 1:30).
Old Age in Naves Topical Bible
General scriptures concerning
Ge 15:15; 47:9; De 34:7; 2Sa 19:34-37; 1Ch 29:28; Job
11:17; 12:12; 32:4-9; 42:17; Ps 71:9,18; 90:10; 92:14;
148:12,13; Pr 16:31; Ec 6:3,6; 12:1-7; Isa 46:4; Lu
Tit 2:2,3; Phm 1:9
Old Age in Smiths Bible Dictionary
The aged occupied a prominent place in the social and
political system of the Jews. In private life they were looked
up to as the depositaries of knowledge, Job 15:10 the young
were ordered to rise up in their presence, Le 19:32 they
allowed them to give their opinion first, Job 32:4 they were
taught to regard gray hair as a "crown of glory," Pr 16:31;
20:29 The attainment of old age was regarded as a special
blessing. Job 5:26 In pubic main qualification of those who
acted as the representatives of the people in all matter of
difficulty and deliberation. [ELDERS]
Old Age in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
In individual lives (cheledh; helikia): We have scarcely any
word in the Old Testament or New Testament which denotes
"age" in the familiar modern sense; the nearest in the Old
Testament is perhaps heledh, "life," "lifetime," and in the
New Testament helikia, "full age," "manhood," but which is
rendered stature in Mt 6:27, etc., the King James Version;
cheledh occurs (Job 11:17, "Thine age shall be clearer than
the noonday," the Revised Version (British and American)
"(thy) life"; Ps 39:5, "Mine age is as nothing before thee,"
the American Standard Revised Version, "my life-time"); we
have helikia (Jn 9:21,23, "He is of age"; Heb 11:11 "past
age," Lk 2:52, "Jesus increased in wisdom and age," so the
Revised Version, margin, King James Version margin, Eph
4:13); yom, day, (days) is used in the Old Testament to
express "age" (Gen 47:28), the whole age of Jacob," the King
James Version, "the days of the years of his life"; but it
occurs mostly in connection with old age); ben, "son" (Nu
8:25; 1 Ch 23:3,24); kelah, "to be complete," is translated
"full age" (Job 5:26); teleios, "complete" (Heb 5:14, the
Revised Version (British and American), full-grown men,
margin, perfect"), dor, a revolution," "a period" is
translated "age" (Isa 38:12, "Mine age is departed and
removed from me as a shepherd's tent," the American Standard
Revised Version, "My dwelling is removed, and is carried
away from me as a shepherd's tent," the English Revised
Version, "mine age," margin, "or habitation"; Delitzsch, "my
home"; compare Ps 49:19 (20); 2 Cor 5:8). In New Testament
we have etos, "year" (Mk 5:42, the Revised Version (British
and American), "old"; Lk 2:37; 3:23, "Jesus .... about 30
years of age"). "Old age," "aged," are the translation of
various words, zaqen (zaqan, "the chin," the beard"),
perhaps to have the chin sharp or hanging down, often
translated "elders," "old man," etc. (2 Sam 19:32; Job
12:20; 32:9; Jer 6:11).
In New Testament we have presbutes, "aged," "advanced in
days" (Titus 2:2; Philem 1:9); presbutis, "aged woman"
(Titus 2:3); probebekos en hemerais, advanced in days" (Lk
2:36); geras, "old age" (Lk 1:36).
Revised Version has "old" for "the age of" (1 Ch 23:3), "own
age" for "sort" (Dan 1:10); "aged" for "ancients" (Ps
119:100), for "ancient" (Isa 47:6); for "old" (Heb 8:13);
"aged men" for "the ancients" (Job 12:12); for "aged" (Job
Regard for Old Age:
(1) Among the Hebrews (and Orientals generally) old age was
held in honor, and respect was required for the aged (Lev
19:32), "Thou shalt rise up before the hoary head, and honor
the face of the old man"; a mark of the low estate of the
nation was that "The faces of elders were not honored"; "The
elders have ceased from the gate" (Lam 5:12,14). Compare Job
29:8 (as showing the exceptionally high regard for Job). See
also The Wisdom of Solomon 2:10; Ecclesiasticus 8:6.
(2) Old age was greatly desired and its attainment regarded
as a Divine blessing (Gen 15:15; Ex 20:12, "that thy days
may be long in the land"; Job 5:26; Ps 91:16, "With long
life will I satisfy him"; 92:14; compare Isa 65:20; Zec 8:4;
1 Sam 2:32).
(3) A Divine assurance is given, "Even to old age I am he,
and even to hoar hairs will I carry you" (Isa 46:4); hence
it was looked forward to in faith and hope (Ps 71:9,18).
(4) Superior wisdom was believed to belong to the aged (Job
12:20; 15:10; 32:7,9; compare 1 Ki 12:8); hence positions of
guidance and authority were given to them, as the terms
"elders," "presbyters" and (Arabic) "sheik" indicate.
Old Age Scripture - 1 Chronicles 29:28
And he died in a good old age, full of days, riches, and
honour: and Solomon his son reigned in his stead.
Old Age Scripture - Deuteronomy 34:7
And Moses [was] an hundred and twenty years old when he died:
his eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated.
Old Age Scripture - Ecclesiastes 6:3
If a man beget an hundred [children], and live many years, so
that the days of his years be many, and his soul be not filled
with good, and also [that] he have no burial; I say, [that] an
untimely birth [is] better than he.
Old Age Scripture - Genesis 15:15
And thou shalt go to thy fathers in peace; thou shalt be
buried in a good old age
Old Age Scripture - Isaiah 46:4
And [even] to [your] old age I [am] he; and [even] to hoar
hairs will I carry [you]: I have made, and I will bear; even I
will carry, and will deliver [you].
Old Age Scripture - Job 12:12
With the ancient [is] wisdom; and in length of days
Old Age Scripture - Job 5:26
Thou shalt come to [thy] grave in a full age, like as a shock
of corn cometh in in his season.
Old Age Scripture - Psalms 71:18
Now also when I am old and grayheaded, O God, forsake me not;
until I have shewed thy strength unto [this] generation, [and]
thy power to every one [that] is to come.
Old Age Scripture - Psalms 71:9
Cast me not off in the time of old age; forsake me not when my
Old Age Scripture - Psalms 90:10
The days of our years [are] threescore years and ten; and if
by reason of strength [they be] fourscore years, yet [is]
their strength labour and sorrow; for it is soon cut off, and
we fly away.
Old Age Scripture - Psalms 92:14
They shall still bring forth fruit in old age; they shall be
fat and flourishing;