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January 21    Scripture

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Old Testament: Abraham
Details and Events in the Story of Abraham

A Brief Overview Of Abraham God chose Abraham`s family to weave His scarlet thread through the linen of humanity. It was through Abraham`s descendants that the Jewish nation would arise, a people who would receive the covenant of the Lord, and that one of those descendants would be the Savior, not only for the Jews but for the whole world. Abraham lived in the city of Ur (capital of the ancient kingdom of Sumer). Sometime around 2,000 BC. God called Abraham to leave his home and go to a new land that God would show Him. The Bible traces Abraham`s steps from Ur to Haran (north of Canaan), through the land of Canaan, into Egypt, and back into Canaan (which later became Israel).

Abrahams Faith Tested With Sacrifice As Abraham grew stronger in faith, God told him to offer his son Isaac as a burnt offering to prove his faith (Gen 22), Abraham obeyed and brought Isaac to Mount Moriah, laid him on the altar and at the last minute the Lord told him not to kill Isaac and gave him a ram for the sacrifice. Here we see Abraham`s faith (Heb 11:17-19) and a beautiful picture of Christ. The Bible calls Abraham a friend of God: Isa 41:8 "But you, Israel, are My servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the descendants of Abraham My friend.

Abrams People Would Be Oppressed 400 Years Gen 15:13-14 Then He said to Abram: "Know certainly that your descendants will be strangers in a land that is not theirs, and will serve them, and they will afflict them four hundred years. "And also the nation whom they serve I will judge; afterward they shall come out with great possessions."

Circumcision The Reminder Of The Covenant Circumcision was the seal and reminder of the covenant, and so all of Abraham`s male descendants would be circumcised to remind them that God would someday fulfill all the promises that He made to Abraham. Notice that Abraham believed before he was circumcised. Faith came before works. This is an important point that Paul makes in the book of Romans that salvation is by grace through faith alone (Rom 4).

Destruction Of Sodom And Gomorrah There was a very beautiful yet wicked place in Canaan called Sodom and Gomorrah and the Lord told Abraham that He was going to destroy it but Abraham pleaded with God to spare the sinful cities for that is where his nephew Lot lived. God sent an angel to rescue Lot and his family but destroyed the cities because of their homosexuality and other abominations.

God Established His Covenant With Abraham It was with Abraham that God established His covenant. This was God`s promise: Gen 12:1-3 Now the LORD had said to Abram: "Get out of your country, from your family and from your father`s house, to a land that I will show you. I will make you a great nation; I will bless you and make your name great; and you shall be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, and I will curse him who curses you; and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed."

God Promised Abraham And Sarah A Son God promised to give Abraham a son through his wife Sarah who was barren (unable to bear children). Through this son, a mighty nation would arise and also an uncountable amount of descendants, and one of those descendants would be a blessing to all the nations in the world. This promise seemed impossible because they were so old but Abraham believed what God said, though later he doubted and tried to force God`s hand by having a son through Sarah`s servant girl, Hagar. In ancient times this was accepted, but not in God`s sight. It violated His law for marriage (Gen 2), and Abraham suffered greatly for his sin.

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