Mythology & Beliefs
Thanatos in Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology
（*Qa/natos), Latin Mors, a personification of Death. In the
Homeric poems Death does not appear as a distinct divinity,
though he is described as the brother of Sleep, together
with whom he carries the body of Sarpedon from the field of
battle to the country of the Lycians. (Il. 16.672, 14.231.)
In Hesiod (Theog. 211, &100.756) he is a son of Night and a
brother of Ker and Sleep, and Death and Sleep reside in the
lower world. (Comp. Verg. A. 6.277.) In the Alcestis of
Euripides, where Death cones upon the stage, he appears as
an austere priest of Hades in a dark robe and with the
sacrificial sword, with which he cuts off a lock of a dying
person, and devotes it to the lower world. (Alcest. 75, 843,
845.) On the whole, later poets describe Death as a sad or
terrific being (Hor. Carm. 1.4.13, Sat. 2.1. 58), but the
best artists of the Greeks, avoiding any thing that might be
displeasing, abandoned the ideas suggested to them by the
poets. and represented Death under a more pleasing aspect.
On the chest of Cypselus, Night was represented with two
boys, one black and the other white (Paus. 5.18.1), and at
Sparta there were statues of both Death and Sleep. (3.18.1.)
Both were usually represented as slumbering youths, or as
genii with torches turned upside down. There are traces of
sacrifices having been offered to Death (Serv. ad Aen.
11.197; Stat. Theb. 4.528; Lucan, 6.600; Philostr. Vit.
Apoll. 5.4), but no temples are mentioned anywhere. Comp.
the excellent Treatise of Lessing, Wie die Alton den Tod
gebildet. - A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and
mythology, William Smith, Ed.
Thanatos in Wikipedia
In Greek mythology, Thánatos (in Greek, Θάνατος – "Death") was
the daemon personification of death. He was a minor figure in
Greek mythology, often referred to but rarely appearing in
person. His name is transliterated in Latin as Thanatus, but
his equivalent in Roman mythology is Mors or Letus/Letum, and
he is sometimes identified erroneously with Orcus (Orcus
himself had a Greek equivalent in the form of Horkos, God of