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September 18    Scripture



Mythology & Beliefs: Sibyls
In Greek and Roman Mythology, Sibyls were various prophetesses; most famous, Cumaean sibyl, accompanied Aeneas into Hades.

Sibylla in Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (*Si/bulla) is the name by which several prophetic women are designated who occur in various countries and at different times in antiquity. The name is said to be formed from Διὸς and βουλή, so that it would signify the counsel of Zeus (Plut. Phaedr. p. 244; Serv. ad Aen. 3.445). The first Sibyl, from whom all the rest are said to have derived their name, is said to have been a daughter of Dardanus and Neso. Some authors mention only four Sibyls, the Erythraean, the Samian, the Egyptian and the Sardian (Aelian, Ael. VH 12.35); but it was more commonly believed that there were ten, namely the Babylonian, the Libyan, the Delphian (an elder Delphian, who was a daughter of Zeus and Lamia, and a younger one, Paus. 10.12.1), the Cimmerian, the Erythraean (here too we find an elder and a younger one, who is called Herophile, Strab. xiv. p.645), the Samian, the Cumaean (who is sometimes identified with the Erythraean, Aristot. Mir. 97), the Hellespontian or Trojan (comp. Tib. 2.5. 19), the Phrygian and the Tiburtine (Paus. 10.12; Lactant. Instil. 1.6). The most celebrated of these Sibyls is the Cumaean, who is mentioned under the names of Herophile, Demo, Phemonoe, Deiphobe, Demophile, and Amalthea (Paus. l.c. ; Serv. ad Aen. 3.445, 6.72; Tib. 2.5. 67; Suidas, s. v.). She was consulted by Aeneas before he descended into the lower world (Ov. Met. 14.104, &c., 15.712; Verg. A. 6.10). She is said to have come to Italy from the East (Liv. 1.7), and she is the one who, according to tradition, appeared before king Tarquinius, offering him the Sibylline books for sale (Plin. Nat. 13.28; Gel. 1.19). Pausanias also mentions a Hebrew Sibyl of the name of Sabbe, who is called a daughter of Berosus and Erymanthe. - A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, William Smith, Ed.

Sibyls in Wikipedia The word sibyl comes (via Latin) from the Greek word sibylla, meaning prophetess. The earliest oracular seeresses known as the sibyls of antiquity, "who admittedly are known only through legend"[1] prophesied at certain holy sites, under the divine influence of a deity, originally— at Delphi and Pessinos— one of the chthonic earth-goddesses. Later in antiquity, sibyls wandered from place to place...

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