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June 18    Scripture



Mythology & Beliefs: Penelope
In Greek and Roman Mythology, Penelope was the wife of Odysseus; waited faithfully for him for many years while putting off numerous suitors.

Penelope in Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (Πηνελόπη, Πενελόπη, Πηνελόπεια), a daughter of Icarins and Periboea of Sparta (Hom. Od. 1.329; Apollod. 3.10.6 ; compi. ICARIUS. According to Didymus, Penelope was originally called Ameirace, Arnacia, or Arnaea, and Nauplius or her own parents are said to have cast her into the sea (Tzetz. ad Lyc. 792), where she was fed by sea-birds (πννέλοπες) from which she derived her name. (Eustath. ad Hom. p. 1422.) She was married to Odysseus, king of Ithaca, by whom she had an only child, Telemachus, who was yet an infant at the time when her husband went with the Greeks to Troy. (Od. 11.447, 21.158.) During the long absence of Odysseus, she was beleaguered by numerous and importunate suitors, whom she deceived by declaring that she must finish a large shroud which she was making for Laertes, her aged father-in-law, before she should make up her mind. During the day time she accordingly worked at the shroud, and in the night she undid the work of the day. (Od. 19.149, &c., comp. 2.121; Propert. 2.9. 5.) By this means she succeeded in putting off the suitors. But at length her stratagem was betrayed by her servants; and when, in consequence, the faithful Penelope, who was pining and longing for her husband's return, was pressed more and more by the impatient suitors, Odysseus at length arrived in Ithaca, and as she recognised him by several signs, she heartily welcomed him, and the days of her grief and sorrow were at an end. (Od. 17.103, 23.205, 24.192; Eur. Orest. 588 &c. ; Ov. Ep. 1.83; Trist 5.14; Propert. 3.12. 23, &c.; colip. ICARIUS and ODYSSERS. While the Homeric tradition describes Penelope as a most chaste and faithful wife, later writers charge her with the very opposite vices, and relate that by Heermes or by all the suitors together she became the mother of Pan. (Lycoph. 772; Schol. ad Herod. 2.145; Cic. De Nat. Deor. 3.22 ; comtip. PA>N.) Odysseus on his return for this reason repudiated her, whereupon she went to Sparta, and thence to Mantineia, where her tomb was shown in after times. (Paus. 8.12.3.) According to another tradition, Penelope. with Telemachus and Telegonus, who had killed his father Odysseus, went to Aeaea, and there married Telegonus; whereas, according to others again, she married Telegonus in the islands of the Blessed. (Hyg. Fab. 127; Tzetz. ad Lycophr. 805.) - A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, William Smith, Ed.

Penelope in Wikipedia In Homer's Odyssey, Penelope (pronounced /pəˈnɛləpiː/ pə-NEL- ə-pee; Greek: Πηνελόπεια, Pēnelopeia, or Πηνελόπη, Pēnelopē) is the faithful wife of Odysseus, who keeps her suitors at bay in his long absence and is eventually rejoined with him. Her name has traditionally been associated with faithfulness,[1] and so it was with the Greeks and Romans, but some recent feminist readings offer a more ambiguous interpretation...

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