Parcae in Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology
[MOIRA.] - A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and
mythology, William Smith, Ed.
Parcae in Wikipedia
In Roman mythology, the Parcae were the personifications of
destiny, often called The Fates in English. Their Greek
equivalent were the Moirae. They controlled the metaphorical
thread of life of every mortal and immortal from birth to
death. Even the gods feared the Parcae. Jupiter also was
subject to their power.
The names of the three Parcae were:
Nona (Greek equivalent Clotho), who spun the thread of life
from her distaff onto her spindle;
Decima (Greek Lachesis), who measured the thread of life
with her rod;
Morta (Greek Atropos), who cut the thread of life and chose
the manner of a person's death.
The earliest extant document of these deities are three
small steles (cippi) found near the location of ancient
Lavinium shortly after the end of World War II. They bear
Neuna fata, Neuna dono, Parca Maurtia dono
The names of two of the three Roman Parcae are recorded
(Neuna = Nona, Maurtia = Morta) and connected to the concept
Nona was supposed to determine the lifespan of man as the
dies lustricus, that is, the day on which the name of the
child was chosen, which occurred on the ninth day from birth
for a male and the eighth for a female.
The recurrence of the nundinae was also considered a dies
festus and as such nefas by some Roman scholars as Julius
Caesar and Cornelius Labeo, because on it the flaminica
dialis offered the sacrifice of a goat to Jupiter in the
Regia. - Wikipedia