Mythology & Beliefs: Melpomene In Greek and Roman Mythology, Melpomene was one of several Muses.
Melpomene in Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology
（*Melpo/menos), i. e. the singing (goddess), one of the nine
Muses, became afterwards the Muse of Tragedy. (Hes. Theog. 77;
comp. MUSAE.) - A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and
mythology, William Smith, Ed.
Melpomene in Wikipedia
Melpomene (Greek Μελπομένη, English: /mɛlˈpɒmɨniː/; "to sing"
or "the one that is melodious") , initially the Muse of
Singing, she then became the Muse of Tragedy, for which she is
best known now. Her name was derived from the Greek verb melp˘
or melpomai meaning "to celebrate with dance and song." She is
often represented with a tragic mask and wearing the
cothurnus, boots traditionally worn by tragic actors. Often,
she also holds a knife or club in one hand and the tragic mask
in the other. On her head she is shown wearing a crown of
cypress. Melpomene is the daughter of Zeus and Mnemosyne. Her
sisters include Calliope (muse of epic poetry), Clio (muse of
history), Euterpe (muse of lyrical poetry), Terpsichore (muse
of dancing), Erato (muse of erotic poetry), Thalia (muse of
comedy), Polyhymnia (muse of hymns), and Urania (muse of
In Roman and Greek poetry, it was traditional
to invoke the goddess Melpomene so that one might create
beautiful lyrical phrases (see Horace's Odes). - Wikipedia