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June 18    Scripture



Mythology & Beliefs: Europa
In Greek and Roman Mythology, Europa was the mortal loved by Zeus, who, in form of white bull, carried her off to Crete.

Europa in Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (Εὐρώπη), according to the Iliad (14.321), a daughter of Phoenix, but according to the common tradition a daughter of Agenor, was carried off by Zeus, who had metamorphosed himself into a bull, from Phoenicia to Crete. (Apollod. 3.1.1; Mosch. 2.7; Hdt. 1.173; Paus. 7.4.1, 9.19.1; Ov. Met. 2.839, &c.; Comp. AGENOR.) Europe, as a part of the world, was believed to have received its name from this fabulous Phoenician princess. (Hom. Hymn. in Apoll. 251; Hdt. 4.45.) There are two other mythical personages of this name (lies. Theog. 357; Pind. P. 4.46), which occurs also as a surname of Demeter. (Paus. 9.39.4.) - A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, William Smith, Ed.

Europa in Wikipedia In Greek mythology Europa (Greek Εὐρώπη) was a Phoenician woman of high lineage, from whom the name of the continent Europe has ultimately been taken. The name Europa occurs in Hesiod's long list of daughters of primordial Oceanus and Tethys.[1] The story of her abduction by Zeus in the form of a white bull was a Cretan story; as Kerényi points out "most of the love-stories concerning Zeus originated from more ancient tales describing his marriages with goddesses. This can especially be said of the story of Europa".[2] The daughter of the earth-giant Tityas and mother of Euphemus by Poseidon was also named Europa. Europa's earliest literary reference is in the Iliad, which is commonly dated to the 8th century BC.[3] Another early reference to her is in a fragment of the Hesiodic Catalogue of Women, discovered at Oxyrhyncus.[4] The earliest vase-painting securely identifiable as Europa, dates from mid-7th century BC.[5]...

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