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November 19    Scripture



Mythology & Beliefs: Cerberus
In Greek and Roman Mythology, Cerberus was the three-headed dog guarding entrance to Hades.

Cerberus in Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (*Ke/rberos), the many-headed dog that guarded the entrance of Hades, is mentioned as early as the Homeric poems, but simply as " the dog," and without the name of Cerberus. (Il. 8.368, Od. 11.623.) Hesiod, who is the first that gives his name and origin, calls him (Theog. 311) fifty-headed and a son of Typhaon and Echidna. Later writers describe him as a monster with only three heads, with the tail of a serpent and a mane consisting of the heads of various snakes. (Apollod. 2.5.12; Eurip. Here. fur. 24, 611; Verg. A. 6.417; Ov. Met. 4.449.) Some poets again call him many-headed or hundred- headed. (Hor. Carm. 2.13. 34; Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 678; Senec. Here. fur. 784.) The place where Cerberus kept watch was according to some at the mouth of the Acheron, and according to others at the gates of Hades, into which he admitted the shades, but never let them out again. - A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, William Smith, Ed.

Cerberus in Wikipedia Cerberus, (pronounced /ˈsɜrb(ə)rəs/);[1] Greek form: Κέρβερος, /ˈkerberos/[2] in Greek and Roman mythology, is a multi-headed hound (usually three-headed)[1][3][4] which guards the gates of Hades, to prevent those who have crossed the river Styx from ever escaping. Cerberus featured in many works of ancient Greek and Roman literature and in works of both ancient and modern art and architecture, although, the depiction and background surrounding Cerberus often differed across various works by different authors of the era. The most notable difference is the number of its heads: Most sources describe or depict three heads; others show it with two or even just one; a smaller number of sources show a variable number, sometimes as many as 50...

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