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November 13    Scripture

Ancient Israel: Archaeology Images
More Archaeological sites with images from the past.

En Gedi Explorations Images. Ein Gedi was a prosperous Jewish village that was destroyed, together with its synagogue, during the reign of Justinian in the mid-six century A.D. The synagogue was the last in a series built on the site, and like its predecessor of the third century A.D., it was lavishly decorated with floor mosaics. These yielded several inscriptions in Hebrew and Aramaic, a beautiful central carpet with peacocks and birds, and, in front of the north wall, a panel with three menorahs. The building, like all ancient and modern synagogues, was oriented toward Jerusalem, to the north-west of En Gedi. A bronze menorah and pyxis were found next to a semicircular niche in the north wall, which housed the Ark of the Law.

En-Hazeva -- Tamar Explorations Images. The site of En Hazeva was excavated recently, revealing the remains of several desert forts, built one atop the ruins of the other, probably in the biblical period (10th-6th centuries BCE), and the later Roman fort of Tamar. Outstanding are the remains of a small Edomite shrine in which numerous cult objects (figurines, incense burners, etc.), mainly of pottery, were found. Israel

Jerusalem, Temple Mount Walls Explorations Images. Two temples to the God of Israel were built in Jerusalem. The First Temple was built by King Solomon. The Second Temple was built by the Jews who returned from the Babylonian exile, and later replaced by King Herod with a new building. To that end, the entire Temple Mount was rebuilt on gigantic dimensions. Near the southwestern corner of the Temple Mount,, recent archaeological excavations exposed sections of the walls, an adjoining paved street and parts of monumental entrances and staircases. Israel

Jerusalem, The 'City of David' Explorations Images. The City of David is located on the low, southeastern hill of Jerusalem, outside the Old City walls. Here, near the spring of Gihon - the only permanent water source - the first settlement was established in the Chalcolithic period. Later a Canaanite city flourished at the site. It was this particular site that was chosen by King David, around 1000 BCE, to be his capital and the central place of worship to God. Israel

Khirbet Qumran Explorations Images. Khirbet Qumran is a small site, close to the northwestern edge of the Dead Sea. The famous Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in the neighboring caves. The discovery was followed by the excavation of the site, which is believed to be the central site of the Jewish sect who wrote the scrolls (but there are other scholarly opinions as to the nature of the site). Israel

Lod mosaic floor Explorations Images. In course of a salvage excavation initiated in April 1996 in Lod, a very elaborate mosaic floor was discovered. This floor, dated to the third - fourth century A.D., probably adorned the reception hall of a Roman villa. The mosaic floor consists of two colorful rectangular carpets and a broad transverse band separating them. The mosaic contain representations of fishes and birds, wild beasts in hunting scenes, a group of African animals, a marine scene and a krater flanked by two peacocks. Israel

Maresha Explorations Images. In the Hellenistic period Maresha was a major town in the Judean lowlands (Shephelah). Its population was cosmopolitan in nature, including Phoenicians, Idumeans, Greeks and probably also Jews from nearby Judea. Extensive excavations in the last decade have revealed its fortifications, private houses and elaborate burial caves. Outstanding is the vast complex of subterranean caves, all cut in the soft limestone. These include hideouts and oil presses, quarries and columbaria (dovecots) - all very interesting to explore. Israel

Monastery in Ma'ale Adumim Explorations Images. Building operations in the new town of Maale Adummim, east of Jerusalem, revealed the remains of a Byzantine monastery, built in the late 5th century CE by Martyrius. Israel

Tiberias Explorations Images. The city of Tiberias, named after the Roman Emperor Tiberius, was founded in the reign of Herod Antipas, the son of Herod the Great, in 20 CE, with the intention of replacing Sepphoris as capital of the Galilee. Following the Roman urban tradition, Tiberias was a planned city from its inception. As in every Roman city in Eretz-Israel, public buildings were built, both for governmental, administrative, and religious purposes, and as centers for culture and entertainment. Tiberias was inhabited during the Roman and Byzantine periods, and became a Jewish city to which the institutions of the Jewish leadership were transfered to from Sepphoris. After the Moslem conquest the city became the capital of Jund Urdun (Jordan District) and the city became an important administrative center. The city was also inhabited during the Ayyubid, Mameluk and Othman periods. Israel

Tyche from the Church of St.Bacchus Explorations Images. A Byzantine Church was recently excavated east of Shoham. Fragments of a unique marble medallaion portraying Tyche (Fortuna) were found in the excavation area. As far as we know, no similar object has previously been found in a Church. Israel

Yodefat Explorations Images. The site of Yodefat, located in the Western Lower Galilee, is a few miles north of ancient Sepphoris. The site was identified as Yodefat of the Second Temple Period over a hundred years ago. According to Flavius (The Jewish Wars), the town was fortified in fear of the Romans invasion along with 18 other sites. Indeed, Yodefat, led by Josephus, was the first town to be attacked by the Romans. Vespecian and Titus, leading 60,000 legionaries, sieged the town for 47 days until its fall after a fierce battle. The Romans destroyed the town and killed most of its inhabitants. Israel

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