Ancient Documents : Ancient History


Annals of Assur-Nasir-Pal - (71k) Assyrian and Babylonian texts. Text Source: Library collection: "World's Greatest Literature" Published work: "Babylonian and Assyrian Literature" Translator: Rev. J. M. Rodwell, M.A. Publisher: P. F. Collier & Son, New York Copyright: Colonial Press, 1901

Assyrian and Babylonian texts Assyrian and Babylonian texts. Ancient History, Archaeology and Biblical Studies. The primary purpose of this site is to provide on-line text documents from archaeologists and ancient writers, and some tools for Bible study. Everything is provided in an HTML format which has internal reference markers. These internal markers are not visible when simply reading the text, but they allow HTML search tools to index information available here. A simple search program is provided here.

Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser II - (24k) Assyrian and Babylonian texts. Text Source: Library collection: "World's Greatest Literature" Published work: "Babylonian and Assyrian Literature" Translator: Rev. A. H. Sayce, M.A. Publisher: P. F. Collier & Son, New York Copyright: Colonial Press, 1901

Census Edict for Roman Egypt This document shows a census ordered by Gaius Vibius Maximus, the Rmoan Prefectus of Egypt. GREEK TEXT (from Hunt & Edgar 1934:108), TRANSLATION by K. C. Hanson (Adapted from Hunt & Edgar). Language: Greek; Medium: papyrus; Length: 21 lines of writing; Genre: Official Edict; Date: 104 CE; Place of Discovery: Egypt Date of Discovery: ? Current Location: British Museum, London.

Divorce Agreement from Egypt This Greek document shows a Marriage Contract From Egypt written in 13 BC. It mentions Caesar Augustus and a Roman Drachma.

Gaius Cornelius Tacitus - History of Rome [Ancient Historians and Generals] The electronic edition, originally translated by Alfred John Church and William Jackson Brodribb, did not include any internal text divisions other than the primary book divisions. To make the text more usable for students to search and quote, the paragraph indexing used in The Modern Library edition of Church and Brodribb's text, published under the title of The Complete Works of Tacitus, 1942, was added along with HTML links, and then the text was converted to HTML.

Herodotus - History of Persian Wars [Ancient Historians and Generals] Book 1 - CLIO Book 2 - EUTERPE Book 3 - THALIA Book 4 - MELPOMENE Book 5 - TERPSICHORE Book 6 - ERATO Book 7 - POLYMNIA Book 8 - URANIA Book 9 - CALLIOPE Brief history of Persia - tiny index to Herodotus

Inscription of Nebuchadnezzar - (30k) Assyrian and Babylonian texts. Text Source: Library collection: "World's Greatest Literature" Published work: "Babylonian and Assyrian Literature" Translator: Rev. J. M. Rodwell, M.A. Publisher: P. F. Collier & Son, New York Copyright: Colonial Press, 1901

Inscription of Tiglath Pileser I - (38k) Assyrian and Babylonian texts. Text Source: Library collection: "World's Greatest Literature" Published work: "Babylonian and Assyrian Literature" Translator: Sir H. Rawlinson, K.C.B., D.C.L., Etc. Publisher: P. F. Collier & Son, New York Copyright: Colonial Press, 1901

Ishtar Gate Inscription Dedicatory Inscription on the Ishtar Gate, Babylon; TRANSLATION (Adapted from Marzahn 1995:29-30)Language: Akkadian Medium: glazed brick Size: c. 15 meters high c. 10 meters wide Length: 60 lines of writing Genre: Dedication Inscription Dedicator: Nebuchadnezzar King of Babylonia (reigned 605""562 BCE) Approximate Date: 600 BCE Place of Discovery: Babylon (near modern Baghdad, Iraq) Date of Excavation: 1899""1914 Current Location: Pergamon Museen (Berlin, Germany)

Josephus' References to Crucifixion "Josephus (b. 37 C.E.) is our best literary source for the practice of crucifixion in Israel during the Greco-Roman period. As a general in command of the Jewish forces of Galilee in the Great Revolt against Rome (66-73 C.E.), he reports his attempts to save the lives of three crucified captives by appealing directly to the Roman general Titus. One survived the cross under a physician's care, the other two could not be saved." by Dr. James D. Tabor

Julius Caesar - Wars against France and Germany Roman civil war. [Ancient Historians and Generals] Julius Caesar's War Commentaries

Manumission and Bridewealth Document Manumission and Bridewealth Document (14th cent. BCE?)TRANSLATION by K. C. Hanson (Adapted from Finkelstein 1969:546). Language: Akkadian; Medium: Clay tablet; Size: 43 centimeters long 5 centimeters wide; Length: 25 lines of writing Genre: Manumission & Marriage Contract Approximate Date: 14th cent. BCE? Place of Discovery: Ugarit acropolis, Ras Shamra, Syria Date of Discovery: 1936 Current Location: Musée National d'Alep Aleppo, Syria.

Marriage Contract From Egypt This Greek document shows a Marriage Contract From Egypt written in 13 BC. It mentions Caesar Augustus and a Roman Drachma.

Sections of the Jewish Talmud Jewish texts. Selections from the Jewish Talmud

The Gilgamesh Epic The Epic of Gilgamesh is, perhaps, the oldest written story on Earth. It comes to us from Ancient Sumeria, and was originally written on 12 clay tablets in cunieform script. It is about the adventures of the historical King of Uruk (somewhere between 2750 and 2500 BC).

The Hammurabi Stele THE HAMMURABI STELE. Partially Retold in English, by Stan Rummel, Director of The Humanities Program, Texas Wesleyan University, Fort Worth, Texas. "In the following selections, I have frequently changed the grammar and sequence of words from that of the original text, and I have omitted sections of material, so that what is given will read comprehensibly in English. I have grouped regulations by topical categories for discussion, rather than simply following their numerical sequence." Also includes an image: Detail of the top of the Hammurabi Stele, picturing King Hammurabi coming before the god Shamash.

The Pilate Inscription The Pilate Inscription [text & interpretation] Language: Latin; Medium: limestone; Size: 82 centimeters high 65 centimeters wide; Length: 4 lines of writing; Genre: Building Dedication Dedicator: Pontius Pilate (praefect of Judea) Approximate Date: 26-37 CE; Place of Discovery: Caesarea, Israel; Date of Discovery: 1961; Current Location: Israel Museum(Jerusalem)

Widow's Petition Ostracon This pottery was discovered with 8 lines of Hebrew text. Legal Petition written around the 9th""7th centuries BCE.