Ancient Rome: History
A Gazetteer of the Roman World
A very large collection of info, images, and resources.
A Topography of Ancient Rome
A Topography of Ancient Rome by Samuel Ball Platner (as revised by Thomas Ashby in 1929), is a solid resource now in the public domain. A scholarly encyclopedia with hundreds upon hundreds of articles on the remains of antiquity within the city of Rome, it is an excellent reference work for hills, streets, roads and monuments of all kinds, providing ancient sources and modern bibliographies. I'm putting a small selection of articles from it online. [ 2/28/99: 7 articles ]
Ancient Roman Transportation
The streets in Rome and other large were crowded and narrow. Freight was delivered by wagons at night, as wagons were banned from the city by day because of the congestion. Travel within the cities was often done on foot by rich and poor alike. The proper way for a wealthy woman of Senatorial rank to travel was by carpentum, a large four wheel covered coach. [Ancient Rome]
Art architecture and sculpture
The Romans developed or improved their art by copying the art from the Greeks for the statues.
Statues were made from clay or marble. Metal was sometimes added to the statues so that they had added strenght. Statues were well made, were nude and they were made of gods or important leaders which were recognised . The fact that the statues had important people meant that they had to be done as well as possible since it was honouring their gods.
Brittanica Ancient Web sites
Provides vast resources chosen and rated by the editors
Chronology of Roman Rulers
Chronology of Roman Rulers (200 BCE"”565 CE). By Dr. K.C. Hanson
Daily Life in Rome - Holidays and special days
Ancient Roman Holidays & Festivals at The Detective & the Toga.
Every day life in Rome
Ancient Rome "“ What was Daily Life Like?
A day in Ancient Rome began with breakfast, and depending on whether you are upper class (patrician) or lower class (plebian), breakfast was dependent on what was affordable. After breakfast, adults might venture down to the Forum to do their shopping and banking. The Forum was the main marketplace and business center, as well as a place for public speaking, as ancient Romans were considered great orators. It was also used for festivals and religious ceremonies.
The Colosseum was the largest and most famous of all Roman amphitheaters. It was originally constructed by the Emperor Vespasian just after 70 AD., and was dedicated by his son Titus in 80 AD. It was known in ancient Rome as the Flavian Amphitheatre, and was completed by Titus' younger son Domitian. The Colosseum was built in the valley between the Palatine, Caelian and Esquiline hills. It could accommodate 70,000 people, who came to watch the games. Many Christians were thrown to the wild beasts in the arena.
Gaius Julius Caesar
Gaius Julius Caesar (100 - 44 BCE) is the most famous Roman general and statesman, conqueror of Gaul (58 - 50 BCE) who brought about the effective end of the Republic. After building up an army in Gaul, Caesar marched against the Senate in 49 BCE, and defeated his rival Gnaeus Pompeus Magnus at the battle of Pharsalus. As dictator of Rome, he launched a series of political and social reforms before he was assasinated by a group of nobles in the Senate House on the Ides of March.
Julius Caesar : Youth (100 - 78 BCE) ...
Julius Caesar : Politics (77 - 59 BCE) ...
Julius Caesar : Gaul (58 - 50 BCE) ...
Julius Caesar : Insurrection (49 - 48 BCE) ...
Julius Caesar : Dictator (47 - 44 BCE) ...
Julius Caesar : Reforms (47 - 44 BCE) ...
Julius Caesar : Final Act (44 BCE) ...
Julius Caesar : Epilogue (43 - 31 BCE) ...
Julius Caesar : References ...
Julius Caesar : Reading
Latin phrases and their meaning
A collection of usual phrases in Latin, with their approximate meaning. Latin Mottos, Latin Phrases, Latin Quotes and Latin Sayings. [Ancient Rome]
Full of treasure for kids, teachers, & amateur Egyptologists: free clip art & fonts, e-postcards, gift shop, lesson plans, fun & games, and lots of information about Egypt. [People in History] [Tools and Searches]
Origins of the Days of the Week
DAY of the Week Name Origin (Roman/Greek) Attribute Name Origin (Norse) Attribute
Sunday Sun's-day Helios: god of the sun prior to replacement by Apollo in late Greek and Roman mythology; Apollo: twin of Artemis; god of music, prophesy, poetry, healing, archery Sun's-day no known equivalent
Monday Moon's-day Selene: goddess of the moon prior to replacement by Artemis in late Greek and Roman mythology; Diana (Artemis):7: twin of Apollo; goddess of the hunt and the moon. Moon's-day no known equivalent
Tuesday Mars'-day Mars (Ares): god of war, battle rage and initiation; son of Zeus/Hera Tiw's-day Tiw (Tyr): god of battle and victory
Wednesday Mercury's-day Mercury (Hermes): god of commerce; Messenger of the gods; Trickster god; son of Zeus/Maia Woden's-day Woden/Wotan (Odin): Father and ruler of the gods and mortals; god of war, learning, poetry and the dead
Thursday Jupiter's (Jove's)-day Jupiter/Jove (Zeus): son of Kronos/Rhea; Supreme god, Lord of Heaven (Olympus) and mortals Thor's-day Thor: god of thunder and sky, and good crops; son of Odin and Frigg
Friday Venus's-day Venus (Aphrodite): goddess of sexual desire, love, beauty and procreation Frigg's (Friia's)-day Frigg (Friia): wife of Odin; great mother of the gods; goddess of married love
Saturday Saturn's-day Saturn (Kronos): god of fertility, agriculture, time; ruler of the Titans; father of first generation of Greek gods Saturn's-day no known equivalent
Roman Provincial Administration
Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies
The Roman army
Nowhere does the Roman talent for organization show itself so clearly as in its army. The story of the Roman army is an extensive one, demonstrated in part by the scale of this chapter.
The first part of this chapter considers the history of the Roman army (concentrating on the legions), trying to explain as much background as possible. The later part of the chapter seeks to explain specific points such as various different units, the workings of the army, etc.
The Roman Baths
The Official Roman Baths Museum Web Site in the City of Bath, Somerset, United Kingdom, includes detailed information on Roman Britain, the Thermal Springs and an online Virtual Tour. [Ancient Rome]
The Roman History
A history of ancient Rome from its founding to collapse including its leaders, emperors, philosophies and contribution to civilization
The Roman Roads of the Mediterranean Region
Discover the different facets of the Roman roads in the Mediterranean region --The history, the geography, the practical and tourist information necessary. Engineering, Trade, Via Domitia; Via Egnatia; Via Flamina; Via Augusta; Roman roads; road; Roman; geography; climate; Languedoc; Roussillon; Mediterranean Sea; plain of Massif Central; shoreline; coast; lagoons; heathland; schist; granite; limestone; Pyrenees
The Rulers of the Roman World
The Roman Emperors, Imperators, and Caesars
[People in History] [Tools and Searches]
The Surgery of Ancient Rome
A Display of Surgical Instruments from Antiquity. Univ. of Virginia
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