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September 17    Scripture



Ancient Rome: Coins


3 Gordian III & Tranquillina Greek Imperial Coins Relating to Military Emperors [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

3 Republican Denarii - Same or Different Unlike modern coins, it is common for ancient coins to be available with a great variety of minor variations. In some cases this is an accident caused by individually hand cut dies each being a little different even when every attempt was made to make them the same. In other cases, the differences were part of the plan to control mint operations and, by chance, provide collectors with both major and minor varieties for the collection. Relating to the Middle Empire (Adoptive Emperors) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

5th Century AD Roman Bronze Coins relating to the End of the Empire (Valentinian and later) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

A Denarius of Domitian - The dolphin of Neptune & more Titus Flavius Vespasianus ("Vespasian") survived the civil wars of 68-69 AD as undisputed ruler of the Roman world. He had two sons: The elder (with the same name) is known to history as "Titus" succeeded his father and ruled for two years before his death in 81 AD. The younger brother, Titus Flavius Domitianus, then became emperor ruling until 96 AD. Relating to the Early Empire (12 Caesars) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

A Follis of Constantine I Coins Relating to the Constantinian Period (Christianity in Rome) [Coin Collecting]

A Fourree Brockage of Hadrian Relating to the Middle Empire (Adoptive Emperors) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

A Roman Coin of John Quincy Adams of Galerius Caesar Coins Relating to Military Emperors [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

A Silvered Antoninianus of Numerian Coins Relating to Military Emperors [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Abbreviations on Roman Imperial Coins Abbreviations on Roman Imperial Coins SC TRP IMP COS etc. [Coin Collecting]

Agonistic Bronzes Coins Commemoratives of the Games Coins Relating to Military Emperors [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Alexandria Denarii of Commodus, Pertinax & Albinus Alexandria mint denarii. Commodus, Pertinax and Clodius Albinus Severan Period. (not Septimius or Domna) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Alexandria mint denarii Commodus, Pertinax and Clodius Albinus [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

An AE4 of Theodosius I A.D. 379-395 Coins Relating to the End of the Empire (Valentinian and later) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Ancient Greek & Roman Coins - Overview for Beginners Recommended reading for those who might be interested in collecting ancient coins [Rome] [Coin] [Greece]

Antoninus Pius Caesar - The politics of succession on coins Relating to the Middle Empire (Adoptive Emperors) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Antoninus Pius, A.D. 138-161 Relating to the Middle Empire (Adoptive Emperors) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Arcadius AE2 Inverted overstrike and the hand of God Coins Relating to the End of the Empire (Valentinian and later) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

AUGUSTUS A Cistophoric Tetradrachm struck between c. 19-18 B.C.at the mint in Pergamum. [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

AUGUSTUS A Cistophoric Tetradrachm (reverse) struck between c. 19-18 B.C.at the mint in Pergamum. [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Barbaric Coins of Septimius Severus Relating to the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus (193 - 211 AD) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Bavarian Collection Coins Relating to the Constantinian Period (Christianity in Rome) [Coin Collecting]

Bronzes of Severus Alexander Severan Period (not Septimius or Domna) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

By This Sign, You Shall Be Victorious (Milvian Bridge) Coins Relating to the Constantinian Period (Christianity in Rome) [Coin Collecting]

Caesar/Augustus, Augustus and two Severans Relating to the Early Empire (12 Caesars) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Caracalla or Elagabalus? Two Emperors Named Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Pius. Severan Period (not Septimius or Domna) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Cast Ancient Coins Aes Rude, Aes Grave & Greek cast coins Relating to the Roman Republic [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Coin of Caesar Augustus with Comet on reverse A coin of Caesar Augustus that is wildly popular due to its reverse type. In 17 BC, a comet appeared in the sky and was interpreted as the Divine Julius Caesar returning to watch over Rome. The comet is shown as a star of eight rays with a feathery tail trailing behind. The legend is DIVVSIVLIVS [Rome] [Coin]

Coin of Nero (2), 54-68 A.D. [Ancient Coins] [Rome]

Coin of Nero, 54-68 A.D. [Ancient Coins] [Rome]

Coin of Tiberius, 14-37 A.D. TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS Rev. PONTIF MAXIM. Female figure seated r. hld. scepter and palm branch [Ancient Coins] [Rome]

Coins of Barbarians "Barbarian" was a term applied to any people not of Greek or Roman origin. By the time of the late Roman Empire, what was considered barbaric in one generation would frequently become more civilized and be adopted into the Roman "family" to the point that Roman Emperors after the first century AD were rarely of Italian lineage. Coins relating to the End of the Empire (Valentinian and later) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Coins of Septimius Severus Relating to the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus (193 - 211 AD) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Coins references/bibliography Nicely done, in color. [Ancient Near East] [Coins]

Commodus A.D. 177-192 Relating to the Middle Empire (Adoptive Emperors) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Common Constantinian Copper Coins from bulk lots and junk boxes [Coin Collecting]

Comparing Three Republican Denarii Relating to the Roman Republic [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Constantine the Great, Roman emperor 307 - 337 AD. [Coins] [Ancient Rome]

Constantine: the Road to Greatness Coins Relating to the Constantinian Period (Christianity in Rome) [Coin Collecting]

Coponius (6 - 9 AD) Coins relating to the Roman Procurators : Coponius (6 - 9 AD) AE Prutah 6 AD Hendin 635, SGIC 5606 17 mm. 1.91 gm. Die position=12h Procurator under Augustus reverse Obverse: Ear of barley; KAICAPOC. Reverse: Eight-branched palm tree bearing two bunches of dates; date in field L[lambda][stigma] (year 36). [Israel] [Coin Collecting]

Coponius (6 - 9 AD) reverse Coins relating to the Roman Procurators : Coponius (6 - 9 AD) AE Prutah 6 AD Hendin 635, SGIC 5606 17 mm. 1.91 gm. Die position=12h Procurator under Augustus reverse Obverse: Ear of barley; KAICAPOC. Reverse: Eight-branched palm tree bearing two bunches of dates; date in field L[lambda][stigma] (year 36). [Israel] [Coin Collecting]

Crispus (Caesar A.D. 317-326) Coins Relating to the Constantinian Period (Christianity in Rome) [Coin Collecting]

Delmatius (Caesar A.D. 335-337) Coins Relating to the Constantinian Period (Christianity in Rome) [Coin Collecting]

Delmatius (Caesar A.D. 335-337) Christogram Chi Rho standard. Coins Relating to the Constantinian Period (Christianity in Rome) [Coin Collecting]

Divus Caracalla - Bronze sestertius - died 217 AD - Rome mint - 22g DIVO ANTONINO MAGNO / CONSECRATIO SC Bare head right / Funeral pyre of 4 steps topped with quadriga [Rome] [Coin]

Flavian Mintmarked Denarii Three Eastern mint denarii Relating to the Early Empire (12 Caesars) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Florian Politics, Succession and Death Coins Relating to Military Emperors [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Fourree Mule Denarius Septimius / Caracalla Relating to the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus (193 - 211 AD) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Fourree Serrate Denarius Claudius Nero 78-77 BC [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Geta: The One Who Died A.D. 209-212 Severan Period (not Septimius or Domna) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Gordian III the Boy King Gordian III became Emperor at the end of the confusion of 238 AD. That he was largely a figurehead is made obvious by his young age (about 15) but, compared to other `boy kings`, Gordian did a good job as ruler of Rome. The grandson of the respected Gordian I (and nephew of Gordian II), Gordian III was selected to restore peace following the deaths of all the contestants for power during that terrible year. Actual power during the reign fell to the Praetorian Prefects, first Timisitheus and later Philip the Arab. Under Timisitheus, Gordian married his mentor`s daughter Tranquillina. The death of Timisitheus resulted in his replacement by a man with a son of his own and no need to support a young puppet. Gordian III was killed and Philip I became Emperor. Relating to Military Emperors [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Gordian III, A.D. 238-244 Coins Relating to Military Emperors [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

GRADING: Conditions of Preservation Other than wear, which is addressed by the currently popular grading standards, many thing could happen to an ancient coin on its travels into our collections. [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Greek & Roman cast coins Greek & Other Ancient Coins [Greece] [Coin Collecting]

Hadrian An overview of a popular ruler Among the most popular choices for collectors who select a single Emperor as a speciality is Hadrian. Ruling from 117 to 138 AD, Hadrian was the adopted son of Trajan and continued the adoptive line by selecting Antoninus Pius as his successor. Coins of Hadrian are especially varied with a `complete` collection numbering well over 2000 items. I will show a few samples of his coins that might be considered representative of the thousands not shown. Relating to the Middle Empire (Adoptive Emperors) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Imperial Coin Denominations Imperial Coin Denominations A survey of silver & bronze coins [Coin Collecting]

Imperial coins of Severus Alexander Severan Period (not Septimius or Domna) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Imperial Plated Coins Relating to the Middle Empire (imperial) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Indian Denarius of Tiberius A barbaric coin of good silver Relating to the Early Empire (12 Caesars) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Julia Domna Alexandria Tetradrachm Greek Imperials Second wife of Septimius Severus, who reigned AD 193-211, mother of Caracalla and Geta. Relating to the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus (193 - 211 AD) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Legion III Coins of Septimius Severus Rome and Alexandria. Legionary coins of the Alexandria, Egypt, mint honor the North African Legion III Augusta which `freed` Egypt from the clutches of Pescennius Niger at the very end of 193 AD. A good percentage of the coins of Septimius issued at Rome by this time were the Legionary standards type with legends honoring each of the legions that supported Septimius from the very beginning of his bid for the Empire. Relating to the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus (193 - 211 AD) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Legion III Coins of Septimius Severus Rome and Alexandria Legionary coins of the Alexandria, Egypt, mint honor the North African Legion III Augusta which `freed` Egypt from the clutches of Pescennius Niger at the very end of 193 AD. A good percentage of the coins of Septimius issued at Rome by this time were the Legionary standards type with legends honoring each of the legions that supported Septimius from the very beginning of his bid for the Empire. Relating to the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus (193 - 211 AD) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Macrinus A Greek Imperial of Laodocea and two denarii Macrinus attempted to rule well and made some effort to reduce expenses. This was always dangerous when dealing with soldiers and after a short reign of a little more than a year, Macrinus was killed by the army that had elevated him. The coup that defeated him was led by Julia Maesa, sister of Julia Domna, in the name of her fourteen year old grandson known to history as Elagabalus. This restored the Severan Dynasty which ruled Rome from 193 to 235 AD except for the brief reign of Macrinus. Severan Period (not Septimius or Domna) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Macrinus: An AE 30 Neocorate issue of Nikomedia, Bithynia Severan Period (not Septimius or Domna) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Marcus Ambibulus (9 - 12 AD) Coins relating to the Roman Procurators :Marcus Ambibulus (9 - 12 AD) AE Prutah 9 AD Hendin 636, SGIC 5607 17 mm. 1.86 gm. Die position=12h Procurator under Augustus obverse Obverse: Ear of barley; KAICAPOC. Reverse: Eight-branched palm tree bearing two bunches of dates; date in field L[lambda][theta] (year 39).[Israel] [Coin Collecting]

Mark Antony Denarius Reissued Relating to the Middle Empire (Adoptive Emperors) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Maximinus II, A.D. 309-313 Coins Relating to Military Emperors [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Maximinus, Maximianus etc. Separating Coins of Maximianus, Galerius, Maximinus & Maxentius. Coins Relating to Military Emperors [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Medusa on Probus` Shield Coins Relating to Military Emperors [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Minerva Athena Relating to the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus (193 - 211 AD) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Nero A.D. 54-68 Relating to the Early Empire (12 Caesars) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Pescennius Niger Denarius Severan Period (not Septimius or Domna) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Philip II Marcianopolis Bronzes Coins Relating to Military Emperors [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Philip the Arab & Family - coins of the First Family The reign of Marcus Julius Philippus, Philip I, (244-249 AD - sometimes called "the Arab" after the origin of his family) is clouded in history by the way it began. Coins Relating to Military Emperors [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Plated Denarii NUMUS MONETA 304 Roman Republican plated denarius (209 B.C.). In each case the original Greek word is a form of "denarius", although the term is variously rendered in modern translations in order to make it meaningful to the average modern reader. For example, the venerable King James Version renders the term as "penny", which is understandable when one considers that the modern British abbreviation for "pence" is "d", which originally was an abbreviation for the "denier", a descendent of the denarius. Relating to the Early Empire (12 Caesars) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Postumus, Emperor of Gaul Coins Relating to Military Emperors [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Probus Antoniniani - Looking Closely Coins Relating to Military Emperors [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Probus Antoninianus A.D. 276-282 Coins Relating to Military Emperors [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Reverse Brockages of the Gallic Empire Coins Relating to Military Emperors [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Revolt of Aureolus Coins Relating to Military Emperors [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Romaion/Byzantine Empire (coins) Renamed Constantinople in 330 AD, the ancient city of Byzantion gave its name to a combined Greek and Roman culture that lasted for almost 1000 years. The `Byzantines` never referred to each other as such; they called themselves Romaioi, the Greek word for Roman. In 1453 AD, the Ottoman Turks overran Constantinople, putting an end to the Romaioi and the Middle Ages. [Ancient Near East] [Coins]

Romaion/Byzantine Empire 2 (coins) Renamed Constantinople in 330 AD, the ancient city of Byzantion gave its name to a combined Greek and Roman culture that lasted for almost 1000 years. The `Byzantines` never referred to each other as such; they called themselves Romaioi, the Greek word for Roman. In 1453 AD, the Ottoman Turks overran Constantinople, putting an end to the Romaioi and the Middle Ages. [Ancient Near East] [Coins]

Romaion/Byzantine Empire 3 (coins) Renamed Constantinople in 330 AD, the ancient city of Byzantion gave its name to a combined Greek and Roman culture that lasted for almost 1000 years. The `Byzantines` never referred to each other as such; they called themselves Romaioi, the Greek word for Roman. In 1453 AD, the Ottoman Turks overran Constantinople, putting an end to the Romaioi and the Middle Ages. [Ancient Near East] [Coins]

Roman Imperatorial Coinage of Ahenobarbus Ahenobarbus, Imperator in 42 BC, died 39 BC [Rome] [Coin]

Roman Imperatorial coins of Calvinus [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Roman Imperial coins of Macrinus Severan Period (not Septimius or Domna) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Roman Imperial Plated Coins Severan Period (not Septimius or Domna) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Septimius Severus Relating to the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus (193 - 211 AD) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Septimius Severus & His Wife Julia Domna Relating to the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus (193 - 211 AD) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Septimius Severus Caesarea Drachm Greek Imperial - Year R Relating to the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus (193 - 211 AD) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Septimius Severus Coins [Coins] [Ancient Rome]

Septimius Severus Coins [Coins] [Ancient Rome]

Septimius Severus Coins Septimius Severus issued a Legionary Series of denarii naming all of the legions that supported his bid for power from the beginning. Of these, the hardest to find is Legion XXII Primigenia which was stationed at Mainz. To make matters worse, two varieties are known for this legion. This, the rarer, names the Legion LEG XXII PRI; the other is simply LEG XXII. [Rome] [Coin]

Septimius Severus `Emesa` Mint Denarii Relating to the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus (193 - 211 AD) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Septimius Severus, A.D. 193-211 Relating to the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus (193 - 211 AD) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Septimius, Julia & Venus More commonly special `feminine` types were created for use by the Augusta. These could honor personifications of feminine virtues (Modesty, Fertility, Piety etc.) or goddesses (Cybele, Vesta, Diana etc.). From the beginning of the reign of Septimius Severus, coins were issued in the name of his wife Julia Domna. Venus, patron goddess of the Julii, was the most common reverse of the early period of the reign (193-196 AD). Relating to the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus (193 - 211 AD) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Severus II [Coins] [Ancient Greece]]

Stirrups? on a coin of Constantius II Coins Relating to the Constantinian Period (Christianity in Rome) [Coin Collecting]

The Virtual Catalog of Roman Coins Welcome to the NEW version of the Virtual Catalog of Roman Coins, a Web site devoted to helping students and teachers learn more about ancient Roman coins. These pages contain images and descriptions of coins from the Early Republic through the end of the 4th century A.D. and the formal division of the Roman Empire into east and west. The VCRC is an innovative project based on the collaboration of private coin collectors and dealers and a college professor who wants to create a useful resource for his students, other teachers and their students, and the general public.

Tiberius, Tribute Penny [Bible] [Rome] [Coin]

Tiberius: The Tribute Penny Render Unto Caesar...... Relating to the Early Empire (12 Caesars) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Trajan Decius Trajan Decius became emperor midway through the third century and near the beginning of the chaos that characterized the period between the relative stability of the Severans and the formation of the Tetrarchy by Diocletian. Silver coins of this period declined year by year until there was almost no silver content. The most common denomination was the double denarius or antoninianus first issued by Caracalla late in 214 AD. By the time of Decius, the coin was still struck in silver alloy of a silvery color but the weight had fallen off from the earlier issues. Coins Relating to Military Emperors [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Valentinian & Theodosius Coins the junk boxes: Part 2 [Coin Collecting]

Valerian II & Saloninus Coins Relating to Military Emperors [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Vespasian Bronzes of Lugdunum Relating to the Early Empire (12 Caesars) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

Worn out but rare coins The collectors who own these coins love them for what they are. Would you be caught with these in your collection? Severan Period (not Septimius or Domna) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

XXI and Other Letters Things Found on Roman Reverses of the Late Third Century AD. Coins Relating to Military Emperors [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

`Coded` Antoniniani The identification of joint Emperors Diocletian and Maximianus with the gods (respectively) Jupiter and Hercules was documented by a strange series of silvered antoniniani from the mint at Siscia. Coins Relating to Military Emperors [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

`Unlisted` Denarii of Maesa & Elagabalus? Two coins not found in the standard catalogs. Severan Period (not Septimius or Domna) [Rome] [Coin Collecting]

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