The Inner Courtyards of Herod's Temple
The Inner Courts
The Inner Courts were on a higher level than the outer court. To enter into the
Inner Courts one would have to pass through the western gate of the outer court
and up a flight of stairs that had 15 steps to the first court which was the
Court of the Israelites. This inner court measured 187 cubits (280 feet) long
and 135 cubits (202 feet) wide, and surrounded the whole Temple Proper. Against
the walls were chambers which stored the utensils required for the services.
There were 3 gates on both the south and north sides, making seven entrances in
all. 11 cubits of the eastern end were partitioned off by a stone balustrade 1
cubit high, for the men (the court of the Israelites), separating it from the
rest of the space that went to form the court of the priests.