Jewish Literature in New Testament Times
Who were the Tannaim in Judaism?
was a term used for the teachers of the Mishnah. Tannaim (plural of Aramaic
, = one who studies or teaches
). They were Pharasaic Rabbis or
Jewish sages of the period from Hillel to the compilation of the Mishnah. They
were considered as both scholars and teachers, educating those in the synagogues
as well as in the academies. Their opinions are found either in the Mishnah or
as collected in the Tosefta. After the fall of Jerusalem and the destruction of
the Temple (70 A.D.), Johanan ben Zakkai reconstituted the academy at Jabneh,
where the work of the Tannaim flourished. Akiba ben Joseph was among their
disciples. The final compilation and redaction of the opinions and rulings of
the tannaim was carried out (200 A.D.) under the administration of Judah ha-Nasi,
and resulted in the Mishnah, which is accorded canonical status and forms the
basis for all later rabbinic discussions. The Tannaim were succeeded by the
John 10:34 "Jesus answered them, "Is it not written in your law.."
Rabbinical Literature and Second Temple Judaism
Rabbinic Writings, The Mishnah, and the Talmud. During the first century A.D.
the Pharisaic rabbis created many commentaries on the Torah. When Jesus began
his ministry He attacked the Pharisees for putting their traditions above the
word of God. All the writings and commentaries of the first two centuries A.D.
were compiled and organized into a collection by a man named Judah Hanasi around
200 A.D. forming a collection called the Mishnah. The Pharisaic rabbis were
known as the "Tannaim" which in Hebrew is translated teachers, and these men
were the teachers who regulated the law. There was another collection of their
commentary which was much smaller, it was known as the Tosefta which in Hebrew
means "enlargement". The later commentaries on the Mishnah were made by
Brief Historical Background
The Jews and Torah
The Holy Scriptures
The Apocryphal Literature
The Oral Law
The Tractates of the Mishnah
The Palestinian Talmud
The Babylonian Talmud
The Purpose and Heart of the Law
- A Heart Message
Rabbinical Writings Chart
The Persian Period 430-332 B.C.
The Greek Period 331-167 B.C.
The Period of Independence 167-63 B.C.
The Roman Period 63 B.C. to the time of Christ
The Old Testament Canon
The Text of the Old Testament
The Aramaic Language
The Great Synagogue
Preparation for Christ