The Life of Jesus in Harmony
he City of Capernaum, in the Time of Jesus
Matthew 4:13 And leaving Nazareth, he came and dwelt in
which is upon the sea coast, in the borders of Zebulun and Naphthali:
During the time of Jesus
Capernaum was a city in the far north along the northwestern shores of the Sea
of Galilee, near the Jordan River that flowed into it. It was the home of Andrew
and Peter (Mk 1:29) who were fishermen. It is interesting that although Jesus
was raised in Nazareth, the Bible calls Capernaum his home (Matthew 4:13; Mark
2:1). It must've been a considerable city during Jesus's time because it was a
customs station, and it was here that Jesus called Matthew to leave his tax
collecting and to come and follow him. There was a synagogue also at Capernaum,
which was built by a Roman centurion (Luke 7), this could indicate that there
was a station of Roman soldiers nearby. The son of a Roman officer who lived in
Capernaum was also healed. Jesus rebuked the people of Capernaum because of
their lack of faith, after seeing the many works he did there and hearing his
teachings. (Matthew 11:23-24).
IN the days of Our Saviour, Capernaum was one of the chief cities
of Galilee. There is no mention of it prior to the Babylonish captivity. It was
situated on the north-west shore of the Sea of Galilee, about five miles from
the entrance of the Jordan into that sheet of water, and on the great route of
travel from Damascus to the Mediterranean. Jesus seems to have made it his
residence during the three years of his ministry on earth, and it was also the
home of the Apostles Andrew and Peter. It was the scene of many of the Lord's
miracles, and had thus a glorious opportunity offered it; but it rejected the
Lord Jesus, and its doom was sealed. The name of the city lives only in the
sacred narrative, and its site is so obliterated that writers can only speculate
concerning it. Dr. Robinson believes the true site to be at Khan Minyeb, on the
northern border of the plain of Gennesaret. Wilson, Ritter, and Grove, locate it
at Tell Hiim, higher up on the Lake. - Ancient Geography
A reconstruction drawing of the remains of the synagogue at Capernaum discovered
at Tell Hum (ruins of a Jewish village and Synagogue at Capernaum).
CA'PER'NAUM (ka-per-na-um; Heb. "Town of Nahum").
- Ancient Capernaum was situated in the region of Galilee and was about 20 miles
northeast of Nazareth.
- The exact location of ancient Capernaum is uncertain.
- The doom pronounced against Capernaum and the other unbelieving cities (Mt.
11:23) has been remarkably fulfilled. The town has completely disappeared. The
site is still a matter of debate.
Capernaum, Sea of
Jesus, Peter, Andrew, Galilee, Matthew, Roman Centurion, Tax Collector,
Map of Israel in the Time of Jesus
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Picture Study Bible
- Matthew 4:13