The Life of Jesus in Harmony
alvary in the Time of Jesus
Luke 23:33 And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary
there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the
other on the left.
During the time of Jesus
there was a place just outside the city of Jerusalem called Calvary,
which was the Latin translation of Golgoletha, the Greek rendering for
the Hebrew word Golgotha. Calvary was the place where Jesus was
crucified. There are two main theories about the word "Golgotha" and how
its name originated. The first theory speculates that it was a hill shaped like
a human skull. The other theory speculates that it was a place of many skulls,
because it was a place where public executions took place often. There is no
clear evidence for either theory, nor has it been possible to determine with
certainty the exact location of the cucifixion of Jesus. The traditional site of
the crucifixion is at the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem. One other
site has been identified known as Gordon's Calvary, because it contains a
hillside looking similar to a skull. (Also see
The word Calvary is only found in Luke 23:33, the Latin
name Calvaria, which was used as a translation of the Greek word
Kranion, by which the Hebrew word Gulgoleth was interpreted, "the
place of a skull." It probably took this name from its shape, being a hillock or
low, rounded, bare elevation somewhat in the form of a human skull. It is
nowhere in Scripture called a "hill." The crucifixion of our Lord took place
outside the city walls (Heb. 13:11-13) and near the public thoroughfare. "This
thing was not done in a corner." - Easton's Bible Dictionary
"place of a skull").
- There is no mention in Scripture or in ancient history of a "hill" associated
with Calvary or Golgotha.
- The Romans delighted in public executions of criminals to show their
sovereignty over their provinces.
- In 135 AD The Roman Emperor Hadrian covered the traditional site of Golgotha
and Jesus' tomb with a massive pavement. Two centuries later, Constantine
removed it and built the first Church of the Holy Sepulcher.
- Many believe that Moriah and Calvary are identical.
- From the 4th century to now the site of Calvary and of the Holy Sepulcher can
be seen within the compound of the church of the Holy Sepulcher,
- The church of the Holy Sepulcher was a Crusader construction, built over the
location where Constantine's Basilica was constructed.
- Some identify "Gordon's Calvary," as the location of Calvary (Golgotha). It
was located north of the present north wall.
Pontius Pilate, Centurion, Mary, John, Cross.
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Picture Study Bible
- Luke 23:33