The Life of Jesus in Harmony
he City of Caesarea in the Time of Jesus
Acts 10:1 - There was a certain man in Caesarea called Cornelius, a centurion of
the band called the Italian [band].
During the time of Jesus Caesarea
Maritima was situated along the Mediterranean coast of Israel. Caesarea was
built by Herod the Great in honor of Augustus Caesar who had given it to him.
Caesarea was a relatively new city in the territory of Judea, and was also the
eastern seat of Roman authority. The city was very Roman and Pontius Pilate had
made his home there. Herod had build grandiose architecture in Caesarea, there
was a splendid theater for watching Greek drama, a hippodrome for chariot races,
a magnificent harbor, an aqueduct, beautiful marble buildings, colonnade roads,
a Roman palace, and much more that has been discovered in archaeology. King
Herod had chosen this place because it was ideal for Roman entrance into his
territory, and because of Stratos Tower, which was a monument that was dedicated
to the Phoenician King of Sidon "Straton" that was a famous landmark. Although
Jesus had never visited the city of Caesarea, it was a very well known place in
the land of Judea during the time of Jesus.
THE CITY OF CAESAREA, or as it was frequently called Caesarea of
Israel, was situated on the coast of the Mediterranean between Joppa and Tyre.
The site was occupied originally by an ancient village called the Tower of
Strato. Herod the Great built here a magnificent and Strongly fortified city,
which he named Caesarea, in honor of Augustus. He formed a secure harbor by
constructing a vast breakwater out into the sea. Caesarea was the capital of
Judea during the reigns of Herod the Great and Agrippa I., and was the usual
residence of the Roman Governor, when Judea became a mere province of the
Empire. The inhabitants were principally Greeks. The city was the residence of
Philip the Evangelist and Cornelius the centurion. Herod Agrippa died here by
visitation of God. St. Paul was imprisoned here two years, and had his hearings
here before Felix, Festus and Agrippa. The city is now in ruins. - Ancient
Gk. City dedicated to Caesar).
- In 96 B.C. the city was captured by the Hasmonean Alexander Jannaeus, and thus
it became a Jewish community.
- The Roman general Pompey had romanized the city.
Jordan River, Mount Hermon, Peter, James, John, Jesus, the Transfiguration.
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Picture Study Bible
- Mark 8