Ark of the Covenant - Bible History Online
Bible History

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia


A    B    C    D    E    F    G    H    I    J    K    L    M    N    O    P    Q    R    S    T    U    V    W    X    Y    Z   


south: (1) neghebh, according BDB from [?] naghabh, meaning "to be dry," the word most often used, in the Revised Version (British and American) capitalized (South) in those places where it seems to denote a particular region, i.e. to the South of Judah. (2) yamin, "right hand," "right." The derived meaning, "south," seems to imply an eastern posture in prayer in which the right hand is toward the South; compare Arabic yamin, "right," and yemen, "Yemen," a region in Southwestern Arabia. (3) teman, from the same root as (2) is often used for the south; also for the south wind (Ps 78:26; Song 4:16). (4) yam, literally, "sea" (Ps 107:3). (5) darom, etymology doubtful (Dt 33:23; Ezek 40:24). (6) midhbar, literally, "desert" (Ps 75:6, reading doubtful).
(7) lips, "south west wind" (Acts 27:12). (8) mesembria, literally, "mid-day"; "south" (Acts 8:26); "noon" (Acts 22:6). (9) notos, "south wind" (Lk 12:55; Acts 27:13; 28:13); "south" (1 Macc 3:57; Mt 12:42; Lk 11:31; 13:29; Rev 21:13).
The south wind is often referred to: see Song 4:16; Job 37:9 (compare 9:9); Zec 9:14 (of Isa 21:1); Lk 12:55.
Of the passages where South (neghebh) clearly refers to a particular region between Israel and Sinai see: "And Abraham journeyed, going on still toward the South" (neghbah) (Gen 12:9; 13:1; Dt 1:7). We read of "the South of the Jerahmeelites," "the South of the Kenites" (1 Sam 27:10); "the South of the Cherethites," "the South of Caleb" (1 Sam 30:14); "the South of Judah" (2 Ch 28:18); "Ramoth of the South" (1 Sam 30:27).
In Ps 126:4, "Turn again our captivity, O Yahweh, as the streams in the South," we have a figurative reference to the fact that, after a long period of drought, the dry watercourses are finally filled with rushing streams. The reference in Ezek 20:46 f to "the forest of the South" is to a condition of things very different from that which exists today, though the region is not incapable of supporting trees if they are only planted and protected.
Alfred Ely Day
Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Definition for 'south'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". - ISBE; 1915.

Copyright Information
© International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (ISBE)

ISBE Bible Encyclopedia Home
Bible History Online Home


Bible Encyclopedia (ISBE)
Online Bible (KJV)
Naves Topical Bible
Smith's Bible Dictionary
Easton's Bible Dictionary
Schaff's Bible Dictionary
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Matthew Henry Bible Commentary
Hitchcock's Bible Dictionary

Related Bible History