Ark of the Covenant - Bible History Online
Bible History



International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
 

A    B    C    D    E    F    G    H    I    J    K    L    M    N    O    P    Q    R    S    T    U    V    W    X    Y    Z   



QUEEN

kwen: The Bible applies this term: (1) To the wife of a king ("queen consort") (malkah). In the Book of Esther it is the title given to Vashti (1:9) and Esther (2:22); compare Song 6:8 f. Another Hebrew word for queen consort is gebhirah, literally "mistress" (compare 1 Ki 11:19, the wife of Pharaoh; 2 Ki 10:13, "the children of the king and the children of the queen"). In Neh 2:6 and Ps 45:9 we find the expression sheghal, which some trace back to shaghal, "to ravish," a rather doubtful derivation. Still another term is sarah, literally, "princess" (Isa 49:23). The Septuagint sometimes uses the word basilissa; compare Ps 45:9. (2) To a female ruler or sovereign ("queen regnant"). The only instances are those of the queen (malkah) of Sheba (1 Ki 10:1-13; compare 2 Ch 9:1-12) and of Candace, the queen (basilissa) of the Ethiopians (Acts 8:27). In Mt 12:42 (compare Lk 11:31) Christ refers to the queen of the south (basilissa notou), meaning, of course, the queen of Sheba. (3) To a heathen deity, melekheth ha-shamayim, "the queen of heaven" (Jer 7:18; 44:17 ff).
See QUEEN OF HEAVEN.
(4) Metaphorically, to the city of Babylon (Rome) (Rev 18:7): an expression denoting sovereign contempt and imaginary dignity and power.
William Baur
Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Definition for 'queen'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". bible-history.com - ISBE; 1915.

Copyright Information
© International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (ISBE)


ISBE Bible Encyclopedia Home
Bible History Online Home

 

Bible Encyclopedia (ISBE)
Online Bible (KJV)
Naves Topical Bible
Smith's Bible Dictionary
Easton's Bible Dictionary
Schaff's Bible Dictionary
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Matthew Henry Bible Commentary
Hitchcock's Bible Dictionary

Related Bible History