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HIGHEST

hi'-est (`elyon; hupsistos): The translation of `elyon, used frequently of God and commonly translated "Most High" (Ps 18:13, "The Highest gave his voice," the Revised Version (British and American) "Most High"; Ps 87:5, "the highest himself," the Revised Version (British and American) "Most High"; Ezek 41:7, "the lowest (chamber) to the highest"); of tsammereth, the foliage of a tree (as if the wool or hair of trees), "the highest branch" (Ezek 17:3,12, the Revised Version (British and American) "top," "lofty top"); of ro'sh, "head," "top" (Prov 8:26, "the highest part of the dust of the world," the King James Version margin "the chief part," the Revised Version (British and American) "the beginning of," margin "sum"); gappe marom, "on the ridges of the heights" (Prov 9:3, "the highest places of the city"); ghabhoah me`al gabhoah, literally, "one high (powerful) who is above the high (oppressor)," is translated "he that is higher than the highest" (Eccl 5:8), the Revised Version (British and American) "one higher than the high (regardeth)." In the New Testament, hupsistos (like `elyon) is used of God (Lk 1:32, "the Son of the Highest," 1:35, "the power of the Highest," 1:76, "the prophet of the Highest"; 6:35, "the children of the Highest," in these places the Revised Version (British and American) has "Most High"); we have also "Hosanna in the highest" (Mt 21:9; Mk 11:10; see HOSANNA), "Glory to God in the highest" (Lk 2:14), "Glory in the highest" (Lk 19:38); protoklisia, "the first reclining-place" (at table), the chief place at meals, the middle place in each couch of the triclinium (Robinson), is rendered (Lk 14:8), "the highest room," the Revised Version (British and American) "chief seat"; "room" was introduced by Tyndale; Wycliff had "the first place"; protokathedria (protos, "first," kathedra, "seat"), "the first or chief seat," is rendered (Lk 20:46) "the highest seats," the Revised Version (British and American) "chief seats" Wycliff "the first chairs."
"The Highest" as a term for God appears (2 Esdras 4:11,34, the Revised Version (British and American) "Most High"; The Wisdom of Solomon 6:3, hupsistos; Ecclesiasticus 28:7, the Revised Version (British and American) "Most High").
See also GOD, NAMES OF.
W. L. Walker
Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Definition for 'highest'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". bible-history.com - ISBE; 1915.

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