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BUTLER

but'-ler: An officer in households of kings, or other dignitaries, having charge of wines and other potables. mashqeh, "one who gives drink" (Gen 40:1-23; 41:9), rendered "cupbearer" in 1 Ki 10:5; 2 Ch 9:4; Neh 1:11. The office was one of consider ble importance in oriental courts, because of the danger to the king's life through plots of poison, etc. Nehemiah held this position to King Artaxerxes. Wealthy courts, as that of Solomon, usually had more than one (1 Ki 10:5); over these cupbearers or butlers was the sar ha-mash-qim, or chief butler (Gen 40:9).
Edward Bagby Pollard
Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Definition for 'butler'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". bible-history.com - ISBE; 1915.

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