Ur of the Chaldees
Small Map of Ancient Ur of the
The Bible mentions that Abraham, the first
Hebrew, was called by God to leave Ur of the Chaldees and to journey
to a land that God would show him. Archaeologists have determined
exactly where the city of Ur was located in ancient times.
The southernmost portion of ancient Sumer was
called Chaldea, and the most important Sumerian city was located on
the western portion of the Euphrates River and it was called Ur. The
land of Chaldea contain riches beyond imagination, and Ur was the
wealthiest city. The history in this region exceeds that of the land
of Egypt and its pyramids.
Daily Life. There has been much
understood about daily living in ancient Mesopotamia. The great
Ziggurat of ancient Ur was built by King Ur-Nammu who ruled the
area of ancient Ur around 2100 BC. This would've been
approximately 250 years after the great flood of Noah, according
to Usshers chronology.
Archaeologists estimate that there were
approximately 24,000 people living in the city of Ur during the
time of Abraham. The people of ancient Mesopotamia worshiped
many gods, and the people of Ur worshiped their chief god named
Nanna, the moon-god. The people of Ur lived in one of two main
areas in the city: a very religious sacred place, or the common
The Common District. The people of
ancient Ur were highly advanced culture. The common district was
filled with marketplaces, schools, libraries, and many of the
people were very wealthy. People had very nice homes with lush
gardens and many conveniences.
The Sacred Place. The very religious
sacred place was in an extremely strategic location of the city
protected by strong walls. The place was dedicated to the
worship of the moon-god, Nanna. It was in this area that the
Ziggurat was located, there were also other great temples made
of stone. There also was a "sacred area" where people brought
their gifts and offerings to the Nanna, the moon-god. They would
also bring their contributions and pay their taxes in this
place, because Nanna was believed to be their protector. There
have been excavations in this area with recordings on stone
tablets of peoples gifts and taxes. These tablets were kept in
the temples within the sacred place.
Abraham. Around 2000 BC there was a
man named Abram living in Ur of the Chaldees who was a
descendant of the godly line that descended from Adam, the ones
who were making sacrifices to the LORD. The LORD appeared to
Abram while he was living in Ur of the Chaldees and promised him
that if he would leave his country and journey to a land that he
had never seen God would make his descendants outnumber the sand
on the seashore, and the stars in the sky. God promised Abram
also that from his descendents one "seed" would be the Savior of
all mankind. Abram obeyed God and left the city and journeyed
across the Fertile Crescent into the land of Canaan where he and
his descendents were pilgrims until God gave them the land as an
inheritance. God later changed Abram's name to Abraham which
means "father of many nations". Abraham journeyed up and around
the Fertile Crescent through the land of Canaan and into Egypt.
Map of the Journey of Abraham from Ur of the Chaldees
Geography of Ancient Ur
Mesopotamia in Smith's Bible Dictionary (Read
Mesopotamia - (between the rivers),
the entire country between the two rivers, the Tigris and the
Euphrates. This is a tract nearly 700 miles long and from 20 to 250
miles broad, extending in a southeasterly direction from Telek to
Kurnah. The Arabian geographers term it "the Island," a name which
is almost literally correct, since a few miles only intervene
between the source of the Tigris and the Euphrates at Telek. But the
region which bears the name of Mesopotamia, par excellence, both in
Scripture and in the classical writers, is the northwestern portion
of this tract, or the country between the great bend of the
Euphrates, lat. 35 degrees to 37 degrees 30', and the upper Tigris.
We first hear of Mesopotamia in
Scripture as the country where Nahor and his family settled after
quitting Ur of the Chaldees. Ge 24:10 Here lived Bethuel and Laban;
and hither Abraham sent his servants to fetch Isaac a wife. Ibid.
ver. 38. Hither too, a century later, came Jacob on the same errand;
and hence he returned with his two wives after an absence of
twenty-one years. After this we have no mention of Mesopotamia till
the close of the wanderings int he wilderness. De 23:4 About half a
century later we find, for the first and last time, Mesopotamia the
seat of a powerful monarchy. Jud 3:1 ... Finally, the children of
Ammon, having provoked a war with David, "sent a thousand talents of
silver to hire them chariots and horsemen out of Mesopotamia, and
out of Syria-maachah, and out of Zobah." 1Ch 19:6 According to the
Assyrian inscriptions Mesopotamia was inhabited in the early times
of the empire, B.C. 1200-1100, by a vast number of petty tribes,
each under its own prince, and all quite independent of one another.
The Assyrian monarchs contended with
these chiefs at great advantage, and by the time of Jehu, B.C. 880,
had fully established their dominion over them. On the destruction
of the Assyrian empire, Mesopotamia seems to have been divided
between the Medes and the Babylonians. The conquests of Cyrus
brought it wholly under the Persian yoke; and thus it continued to
the time of Alexander. Since 1516 it has formed a part of the
Turkish empire. It is full of ruins and mounds of ancient cities,
some of which are now throwing much light on the Scripture.
Map of Ancient Mesopotamia
Map of Ancient Mesopotamia in 2000 BC (3rd Dynasty of
Genesis 10:6-11 "The sons of Ham were Cush, Mizraim, Put,
and Canaan. The sons of Cush were Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and
Sabtechah; and the sons of Raamah were Sheba and Dedan. Cush begot
Nimrod; he began to be a mighty one on the earth. He was a mighty
hunter before the LORD; therefore it is said, "Like Nimrod the
mighty hunter before the LORD." And the beginning of his kingdom was
Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar."
(More to come)
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