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Smiths Bible Dictionary. Tiberias in Smith's bible Dictionary. A city in the
time of Christ, on the Sea of Galilee; first mentioned in the New Testament, Joh
6:1,23; 21:1 and then by Josephus, who states that it was built by Herod
Antipas, and was named by him in honor of the emperor Tiberius. Tiberias was the
capital of Galilee from the time of its origin until the reign of Herod Agrippa
II., who changed the seat of power back again to Sepphoris, where it had been
before the founding of the new city. Many of the inhabitants were Greeks and
Romans, and foreign customs prevailed there: to such an extent as to give
offence to the stricter Jews. It is remarkable that the Gospels give us no
information that the Saviour who spent so much of his public life in Galilee,
ever visited Tiberias. The place is only mentioned in the New Testament in Joh
6:23 History. --Tiberias has an interesting history apart from its strictly
biblical associations. It bore a conspicuous part in the wars between the Jews
and the Romans. The Sanhedrin, subsequent to the fall of Jerusalem, after a
temporary sojourn at Jamnia and Sepphoris, became fixed there about the middle
of the second century. Celebrated schools of Jewish learning flourished there
through a succession of several centuries. The Mishna was compiled at this place
by the great Rabbi Judah Hakkodesh, A.D. 190. The city has been possessed
successively by Romans, Persians Arabs and Turks. It contains now, under the
Turkish rule, a mixed population of Mohammedans, Jews and Christian, variously
estimated at from two to four thousand. Present city. --The ancient name has
survived in that of the modern Tubarieh, which occupies the original site. Near
Tubarieh, about a mile farther south along the shore, are the celebrated warm
baths, which the Roman naturalists reckoned among the greatest known curiosities
of the world. Tiberias is described by Dr. Thomson as "a filthy place, fearfully
hot in summer." It was nearly destroyed in 1837 by an earthquake, by which 800
persons lost their lives.
Tabariyeh. A city on the W shore of the Sea of Galilee near hot springs. It was built by Herod Antipas, Tetrarch of Galilee, about A.D. 18 and named in honor of the Emperor Tiberius. The city was built like a Hellenistic or Roman city, with its streets crossing at right angles. Herod adorned it with many public buildings, including a stadium on the seashore and a large synagogue. He even went so far as setting up sculptures of himself on a local "high place" bringing upon himself even more trouble with the local religious authorities. Herod also built the castle adjoining the city.
Tiberias is mentioned only once in the New Testament (John 6:23). The Sea of Galilee was sometimes called Tiberias because the popularity of this city among its Hellenized locals.
John 21:1 "After these things Jesus showed Himself again to the disciples at the Sea of Tiberias..."
John 6:1, 23; 21:1.
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John 21:1 -
After these things Jesus shewed himself again to the disciples at the sea of Tiberias;
and on this wise shewed he [himself].
John 6:23 - (Howbeit there came other boats from Tiberias nigh unto the place where they did eat bread, after that the Lord had given thanks:)
John 6:1 - After these things Jesus went over the sea of Galilee, which is [the sea] of Tiberias.
Map of NT Israel (Click to Enlarge)
Israel in the First Century
Map of Israel (First Century AD)