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I2 on the Map
Jebel esh-Sheikh. Prominent mountain (9,230 ft) on the northern border of Israelite territory. At the southern end of anti-Lebanon is Mount Hermon, its highest peak. We are told that the Sidonians said to, "this mountain Sirion; the Amorites call it Shenir." It is also called Sion. Baal-Gad, a town under Mount Hermon has been identified with Caesarea Philippi, which happens to be the northernmost place that Christ journeyed. Mount Hermon, in the vicinity of Caesarea Philippi could very possibly be the place Of His transfiguration.
"The tower of Lebanon" in the Song of Solomon (looking towards Damascus) is supposed to be Mount Hermon. Also many rivers receive their flow from the mountains of Lebanon, some of them include rivers mentioned in the Bible. See Deut. 3:8-9; Josh. 11:3; 12:1. See Mount Lebanon.
Map of NT Israel (Click to Enlarge)
Israel in the First Century
Map of Israel (First Century AD)