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(1) Mahpeketh; Jeremiah 20:2; Jeremiah 29:23, from hapak "rack"; our "pillory"; the word implies the body was bent, the arms and neck as well as the leg being confined. Prisons had usually a chamber for the purpose called "the house of the pillory" (2 Chronicles 16:10, KJV "prison house"). The other Hebrew term,
        (2), sad, is our "stocks" (Job 13:27; Job 33:11; Acts 16:24), in which the feet alone are confined; the Roman nervous, which could be made at the jailer's will an instrument of torture by drawing asunder the feet;
        (3) Proverbs 7:22, rather "a fetter"; akasim, used for "the tinkling ornaments on women's feet" in Isaiah 3:16-18. The harlot's tinkling foot ornaments excite the youth's passions, all the while he knows not that her foot ornaments will prove his feet fetters; "to love one's fetters, though of gold, is the part of a fool" (Seneca). He sports with and is proud of his fetters as if they were an ornament, or put on him in play.

Bibliography Information
Fausset, Andrew Robert M.A., D.D., "Definition for 'stocks' Fausset's Bible Dictionary". - Fausset's; 1878.

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