Ark of the Covenant - Bible History Online
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(See ARMS.) Being of wood covered with leather, it might be burned (Ezekiel 39:9). In Nahum 2:3, "the shield ... is made red," the reference is to bull's hide shields dyed red to strike terror into the foe, or rather to the red reflection of the sun's rays from shields of bronze or copper, such as are found among the Assyrian remains. The surface was kept bright with oil, which preserved both the leather and the metal, Isaiah 21:5, "anoint the shield": Isaiah warns the Babylonian revelers to prepare for instant self defense; offensive arms are not mentioned, as Cyrus would take them by surprise in the midst of a feast (2 Samuel 1:21).
        The shield was covered when not in use; Isaiah 22:6, "Kir uncovered the shield," i.e. took off for battle the leather cover which protected the embossed figures from dust or injury. In Psalm 47:9, "the shields of the earth belong unto God," the shields are the princes as protectors of their people (Hosea 4:18). Faith is our shield "above all" (Ephesians 6:16), i.e. to cover all that was put on before; but Sinaiticus and Vaticanus manuscripts read "IN all things." Faith will certainly intercept (not only "ye may," but "ye shall be able") and so "quench all the fire-tipped darts of the evil one" (1 Peter 5:9; 1 John 5:4; 1 John 5:18). Fire darts were canes with tow and combustibles ignited on the head. to set fire to wood and tents.

Bibliography Information
Fausset, Andrew Robert M.A., D.D., "Definition for 'shield' Fausset's Bible Dictionary". - Fausset's; 1878.

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