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A stringed instrument played by the hand to accompany the voice, Hebrew nebel. In Psalm 33:2 omit "and," translated "sing with the psaltery an instrument of ten strings." Josephus (Ant. 7:12, sec. 3) mentions that ordinarily it had 12 strings; nebel means literally, a leather bottle, the psaltery was named so from its shape (Psalm 92:3; Psalm 144:9). The king, or, "lyre," had ten strings, but was played with a quill, not with the hand.

Bibliography Information
Fausset, Andrew Robert M.A., D.D., "Definition for 'psaltery' Fausset's Bible Dictionary". - Fausset's; 1878.

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