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The region N. of Israel. With Trachonitis Ituraea formed the tetrarchy of Philip (Luke 3:1). Stretching from mount Hermon toward the N.E., i.e. toward Hauran, and from Damascus to northern Bashan. Called from Jetur, Ishmael's son (Genesis 25:15-16). The tribe of Manasseh wrested it from the Hagrites (Ishmaelites), Jetur, Nephish, and Nodab, and "increased from Bashan unto Baal Hermon and Senir, and unto mount Hermon"; i.e., they added Ituraea to Bashan, Gaulonitis, and Trachonitis, which they already possessed (1 Chronicles 5:19; 1 Chronicles 5:23). Rome gave Ituraea to Herod the Great, 20 B.C., who bequeathed it to his son Philip. Now Jedur, with 38 towns and villages, of which ten are desolate and the rest very poor. Trachonitis was on its E., Gaulonitis on its S., Hermon on its W., and the Damascus plain on its N. An undulating table land with conical hills; the southern portion watered by streams from Hermon; the N. covered with jagged rocks of basalt seamed by chasms or sunk into pits, the molten lava having become fissured in cooling.

Bibliography Information
Fausset, Andrew Robert M.A., D.D., "Definition for 'ituraea' Fausset's Bible Dictionary". - Fausset's; 1878.

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