The Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser

"And He will stretch out His hand against the north, Destroy Assyria, And make Nineveh a desolation, As dry as the wilderness." Zephaniah 2:13

World Empires and Assyria

Egyptian Empire 1600-1200 BC
Assyrian Empire 900-607 BC
Babylonian Empire 606-536 BC
Persian Empire 536-336 BC
Greek Empire 332-146 BC
Roman Empire 146 BC-476 AD

Egyptian Empire – 1600-1200 BC
Map of the Egyptian Empire  - 1600-1200 BC. This map reveals the Egyptian Empire during the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt at its greatest extant around 1450 BC. Dynasty XVIII was a very interesting period because Egypt reached her greatest extant during this time which was approximately 1550 BC to 1290 BC. It is also the time period of Moses and the Hebrew Exodus from Egypt which took place around 1400 BC, although no one knows for certain.

Assyrian Empire – 900-607 BC
Map of the Assyrian Empire - 900-607 BC. Map of the Assyrian Empire at its Greatest Extant (900-607 BC.) This map reveals the Assyrian Empire in 671 BC under its greatest rulers: Tiglath-Pileser III (745-727 BC), Sargon II (722-705 BC), Sennacherib (705-681 BC), Esarhaddon (680-669 BC), and Ashurbanipal (669-627 BC). After Ashurbanipal died in 627 BC the Assyrian Empire was doomed and it was not long before Babylon would set its sights for world domination.

Babylonian Empire – 606-536 BC
Map of the Babylonian Empire - 580 BC. Map of the Babylonian Empire at its Greatest Extant (606-536 BC.) This map reveals the Babylonian Empire in 580 BC under its greatest ruler Nebuchadnezzar II. The kings of the Neo-Babylonian Empire were Nabu-apla-usur, Nabu-kudurri-usur II (Nebuchadnezzar II), Amel-Marduk, Neriglissar, Labaši-Marduk, Nabonidus.  Babylon was finally captured by the Medes and Persians under Cyrus as predicted by the prophet Daniel, and the Babylonian Empire came to an end in 606-536 BC.

Persian Empire – 536-336 BC
Map of the Persian Empire - 536-336 BC. Map of the Persian Empire under Darius I the Great. The Persian Empire was founded by Cyrus in 536 BC, Persia succeeded the Babylonian Empire. The first king of the Persian Empire was Cyrus, who issued the famous decree for the Jews to return to their homeland to rebuild their Temple. Under Darius the second Temple of Zerubbabel was completed; and under Xerxes, or Ahasuerus, the events recorded in the Book of Esther in the Bible happened; under Artaxerxes the Jewish state was reformed by Ezra, and the walls of Jerusalem were rebuilt by Nehemiah. The capital of the Persian Empire was Shushan. The Empire lasted about 200 years, and came to an end in 330 BC.

Greek Empire – 332-146 BC
Map of the Greek Empire - 332-146 BC. Map of the Grecian Empire under Alexander the Great. This map reveals the Greek Empire in 323 BC under its greatest ruler Alexander the Great. The Grecian, or Macedonian Empire, rose up by conquering the existing Persian Empire. Alexander the Great, quickly and powerfully conquered the Persians in a brilliant series of battles, and Greece became the masters of the Oriental World. Alexander died in 323 BC, and after his death his empire was divided into four Kingdoms.

Roman Empire – 146 BC-476 AD
Map of the Roman Empire - 146 B.C.- 476 AD. Map of the Roman Empire at the time of Trajan's death in 116 AD. The Roman Empire came after the Grecian Empire not only in the ancient Jewish prophecies, but in the actual unfolding of historical events. Rome was actually first a Republic and then an Empire, and when Rome reached the height of its prosperity, it became the greatest empire the world has ever known. This was not good for the Jews, In 63 BC the Roman General Pompey entered Jerusalem, and at this point the Roman Empire began to rule in Israel. Rome allowed the descendants of the Maccabean line to remain in power until 40 BC. when Rome chose Herod the Great, an Idumaean, to be king and they made the land of Israel a province of Rome. The Roman Empire was the most thoroughly organized of any empire in ancient history. The Roman Empire lasted until 476 AD when the city of Rome was attacked by barbarians from the north. The eastern portion, however, lasted much longer and remained powerful for centuries, and was finally extinguished in 1453, at the close of the middle ages.


The Black Obelisk


Biblical Archaeology
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